**Commenced**in January 2007

**Frequency:**Monthly

**Edition:**International

**Paper Count:**12916

# Search results for: elemental graph data model

##### 12916 Elemental Graph Data Model: A Semantic and Topological Representation of Building Elements

**Authors:**
Yasmeen A. S. Essawy,
Khaled Nassar

**Abstract:**

With the rapid increase of complexity in the building industry, professionals in the A/E/C industry were forced to adopt Building Information Modeling (BIM) in order to enhance the communication between the different project stakeholders throughout the project life cycle and create a semantic object-oriented building model that can support geometric-topological analysis of building elements during design and construction. This paper presents a model that extracts topological relationships and geometrical properties of building elements from an existing fully designed BIM, and maps this information into a directed acyclic Elemental Graph Data Model (EGDM). The model incorporates BIM-based search algorithms for automatic deduction of geometrical data and topological relationships for each building element type. Using graph search algorithms, such as Depth First Search (DFS) and topological sortings, all possible construction sequences can be generated and compared against production and construction rules to generate an optimized construction sequence and its associated schedule. The model is implemented in a C# platform.

**Keywords:**
Building information modeling,
elemental graph data model,
geometric and topological data models,
and graph theory.

##### 12915 Efficient Filtering of Graph Based Data Using Graph Partitioning

**Authors:**
Nileshkumar Vaishnav,
Aditya Tatu

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Graph signal processing,
graph partitioning,
inverse
filtering on graphs,
algebraic signal processing.

##### 12914 Concurrency in Web Access Patterns Mining

**Authors:**
Jing Lu,
Malcolm Keech,
Weiru Chen

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
concurrent access patterns (CAP),
CAP mining and modelling,
CAP-Graph,
web access patterns (WAP),
WAP-Graph,
Web usage mining.

##### 12913 Speedup Breadth-First Search by Graph Ordering

**Abstract:**

Breadth-First Search (BFS) is a core graph algorithm that is widely used for graph analysis. As it is frequently used in many graph applications, improving the BFS performance is essential. In this paper, we present a graph ordering method that could reorder the graph nodes to achieve better data locality, thus, improving the BFS performance. Our method is based on an observation that the sibling relationships will dominate the cache access pattern during the BFS traversal. Therefore, we propose a frequency-based model to construct the graph order. First, we optimize the graph order according to the nodes’ visit frequency. Nodes with high visit frequency will be processed in priority. Second, we try to maximize the child nodes’ overlap layer by layer. As it is proved to be NP-hard, we propose a heuristic method that could greatly reduce the preprocessing overheads.We conduct extensive experiments on 16 real-world datasets. The result shows that our method could achieve comparable performance with the state-of-the-art methods while the graph ordering overheads are only about 1/15.

**Keywords:**
Breadth-first search,
BFS,
graph ordering,
graph algorithm.

##### 12912 Topological Queries on Graph-structured XML Data: Models and Implementations

**Authors:**
Hongzhi Wang,
Jianzhong Li,
Jizhou Luo

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
XML,
Graph Structure,
Topological query.

##### 12911 Using Spectral Vectors and M-Tree for Graph Clustering and Searching in Graph Databases of Protein Structures

**Authors:**
Do Phuc,
Nguyen Thi Kim Phung

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Eigenvalues,
m-tree,
graph database,
protein
structure,
spectra graph theory.

##### 12910 An Efficient Graph Query Algorithm Based on Important Vertices and Decision Features

**Authors:**
Xiantong Li,
Jianzhong Li

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Decision Feature,
Frequent Feature,
Graph Dataset,
Graph Query

##### 12909 Analysis of Electrical Networks Using Phasors: A Bond Graph Approach

**Authors:**
Israel Núñez-Hernández,
Peter C. Breedveld,
Paul B. T. Weustink,
Gilberto Gonzalez-A

**Abstract:**

This paper proposes a phasor representation of electrical networks by using bond graph methodology. A so-called phasor bond graph is built up by means of two-dimensional bonds, which represent the complex plane. Impedances or admittances are used instead of the standard bond graph elements. A procedure to obtain the steady-state values from a phasor bond graph model is presented. Besides the presentation of a phasor bond graph library in SIDOPS code, also an application example is discussed.

**Keywords:**
Bond graphs,
phasor theory,
steady-state,
complex
power,
electrical networks.

##### 12908 Formal Modeling and Verification of Software Models

**Authors:**
Siamak Rasulzadeh

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
UML 2.0 Activity,
Verification,
Model Checking,
Graph Transformation,
Dynamic Semantics.

##### 12907 Phasor Analysis of a Synchronous Generator: A Bond Graph Approach

**Authors:**
Israel Núñez-Hernández,
Peter C. Breedveld,
Paul B. T. Weustink,
Gilberto Gonzalez-A

**Abstract:**

This paper presents the use of phasor bond graphs to obtain the steady-state behavior of a synchronous generator. The phasor bond graph elements are built using 2D multibonds, which represent the real and imaginary part of the phasor. The dynamic bond graph model of a salient-pole synchronous generator is showed, and verified viz. a sudden short-circuit test. The reduction of the dynamic model into a phasor representation is described. The previous test is executed on the phasor bond graph model, and its steady-state values are compared with the dynamic response. Besides, the widely used power (torque)-angle curves are obtained by means of the phasor bond graph model, to test the usefulness of this model.

**Keywords:**
Bond graphs,
complex power,
phasors,
synchronous
generator,
short-circuit,
open-circuit,
power-angle curve.

##### 12906 A Neighborhood Condition for Fractional k-deleted Graphs

**Authors:**
Sizhong Zhou,
Hongxia Liu

**Abstract:**

Abstract–Let k ≥ 3 be an integer, and let G be a graph of order n with n ≥ 9k +3- 42(k - 1)2 + 2. Then a spanning subgraph F of G is called a k-factor if dF (x) = k for each x ∈ V (G). A fractional k-factor is a way of assigning weights to the edges of a graph G (with all weights between 0 and 1) such that for each vertex the sum of the weights of the edges incident with that vertex is k. A graph G is a fractional k-deleted graph if there exists a fractional k-factor after deleting any edge of G. In this paper, it is proved that G is a fractional k-deleted graph if G satisfies δ(G) ≥ k + 1 and |NG(x) ∪ NG(y)| ≥ 1 2 (n + k - 2) for each pair of nonadjacent vertices x, y of G.

**Keywords:**
Graph,
minimum degree,
neighborhood union,
fractional k-factor,
fractional k-deleted graph.

##### 12905 Automatic Fingerprint Classification Using Graph Theory

**Authors:**
Mana Tarjoman,
Shaghayegh Zarei

**Abstract:**

Using efficient classification methods is necessary for automatic fingerprint recognition system. This paper introduces a new structural approach to fingerprint classification by using the directional image of fingerprints to increase the number of subclasses. In this method, the directional image of fingerprints is segmented into regions consisting of pixels with the same direction. Afterwards the relational graph to the segmented image is constructed and according to it, the super graph including prominent information of this graph is formed. Ultimately we apply a matching technique to compare obtained graph with the model graphs in order to classify fingerprints by using cost function. Increasing the number of subclasses with acceptable accuracy in classification and faster processing in fingerprints recognition, makes this system superior.

**Keywords:**
Classification,
Directional image,
Fingerprint,
Graph,
Super graph.

##### 12904 Bond Graph Modeling of Inter-Actuator Interactions in a Multi-Cylinder Hydraulic System

**Authors:**
Mutuku Muvengei,
John Kihiu

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Bond graphs,
Inter-actuator interactions,
Valvecontrolledhydraulic cylinder.

##### 12903 Model Inversion of a Two Degrees of Freedom Linearized PUMA from Bicausal Bond Graphs

**Authors:**
Gilberto Gonzalez-A,
Ignacio Rodríguez- A.,
Dunia Nuñez-P

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Bond graph,
system inversion,
bicausality,
PUMA
manipulator

##### 12902 The Extremal Graph with the Largest Merrifield-Simmons Index of (n, n + 2)-graphs

**Authors:**
M. S. Haghighat,
A. Dolati,
M. Tabari,
E. Mohseni

**Abstract:**

The Merrifield-Simmons index of a graph G is defined as the total number of its independent sets. A (n, n + 2)-graph is a connected simple graph with n vertices and n + 2 edges. In this paper we characterize the (n, n+2)-graph with the largest Merrifield- Simmons index. We show that its Merrifield-Simmons index i.e. the upper bound of the Merrifield-Simmons index of the (n, n+2)-graphs is 9 × 2n-5 +1 for n ≥ 5.

**Keywords:**
Merrifield-Simmons index,
(n,
n+2)-graph.

##### 12901 Graph Codes-2D Projections of Multimedia Feature Graphs for Fast and Effective Retrieval

**Authors:**
Stefan Wagenpfeil,
Felix Engel,
Paul McKevitt,
Matthias Hemmje

**Abstract:**

Multimedia Indexing and Retrieval is generally de-signed and implemented by employing feature graphs. These graphs typically contain a significant number of nodes and edges to reflect the level of detail in feature detection. A higher level of detail increases the effectiveness of the results but also leads to more complex graph structures. However, graph-traversal-based algorithms for similarity are quite inefficient and computation intensive, espe-cially for large data structures. To deliver fast and effective retrieval, an efficient similarity algorithm, particularly for large graphs, is mandatory. Hence, in this paper, we define a graph-projection into a 2D space (Graph Code) as well as the corresponding algorithms for indexing and retrieval. We show that calculations in this space can be performed more efficiently than graph-traversals due to a simpler processing model and a high level of parallelisation. In consequence, we prove that the effectiveness of retrieval also increases substantially, as Graph Codes facilitate more levels of detail in feature fusion. Thus, Graph Codes provide a significant increase in efficiency and effectiveness (especially for Multimedia indexing and retrieval) and can be applied to images, videos, audio, and text information.

**Keywords:**
indexing,
retrieval,
multimedia,
graph code,
graph algorithm

##### 12900 Spanning Tree Transformation of Connected Graphs into Single-Row Networks

**Authors:**
S.L. Loh,
S. Salleh,
N.H. Sarmin

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Graph theory,
simulated annealing,
single-rowrouting and spanning tree.

##### 12899 N-Sun Decomposition of Complete, Complete Bipartite and Some Harary Graphs

**Authors:**
R. Anitha,
R. S. Lekshmi

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Decomposition,
Hamilton cycle,
n-sun graph,
perfect matching,
spanning tree.

##### 12898 Analyzing the Factors that Cause Parallel Performance Degradation in Parallel Graph-Based Computations Using Graph500

**Authors:**
Mustafa Elfituri,
Jonathan Cook

**Abstract:**

Recently, graph-based computations have become more important in large-scale scientific computing as they can provide a methodology to model many types of relations between independent objects. They are being actively used in fields as varied as biology, social networks, cybersecurity, and computer networks. At the same time, graph problems have some properties such as irregularity and poor locality that make their performance different than regular applications performance. Therefore, parallelizing graph algorithms is a hard and challenging task. Initial evidence is that standard computer architectures do not perform very well on graph algorithms. Little is known exactly what causes this. The Graph500 benchmark is a representative application for parallel graph-based computations, which have highly irregular data access and are driven more by traversing connected data than by computation. In this paper, we present results from analyzing the performance of various example implementations of Graph500, including a shared memory (OpenMP) version, a distributed (MPI) version, and a hybrid version. We measured and analyzed all the factors that affect its performance in order to identify possible changes that would improve its performance. Results are discussed in relation to what factors contribute to performance degradation.

**Keywords:**
Graph computation,
Graph500 benchmark,
parallel architectures,
parallel programming,
workload characterization.

##### 12897 Analysis of a Hydroelectric Plant connected to Electrical Power System in the Physical Domain

**Authors:**
Gilberto Gonzalez-A,
Octavio Barriga

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Bond graph,
hydraulic plant,
steady state.

##### 12896 The Diameter of an Interval Graph is Twice of its Radius

**Authors:**
Tarasankar Pramanik,
Sukumar Mondal,
Madhumangal Pal

**Abstract:**

In an interval graph G = (V,E) the distance between two vertices u, v is de£ned as the smallest number of edges in a path joining u and v. The eccentricity of a vertex v is the maximum among distances from all other vertices of V . The diameter (δ) and radius (ρ) of the graph G is respectively the maximum and minimum among all the eccentricities of G. The center of the graph G is the set C(G) of vertices with eccentricity ρ. In this context our aim is to establish the relation ρ = δ 2 for an interval graph and to determine the center of it.

**Keywords:**
Interval graph,
interval tree,
radius,
center.

##### 12895 Completion Number of a Graph

**Authors:**
Sudhakar G

**Abstract:**

In this paper a new concept of partial complement of a graph G is introduced and using the same a new graph parameter, called completion number of a graph G, denoted by c(G) is defined. Some basic properties of graph parameter, completion number, are studied and upperbounds for completion number of classes of graphs are obtained , the paper includes the characterization also.

**Keywords:**
Completion Number,
Maximum Independent subset,
Partial complements,
Partial self complementary

##### 12894 On Fractional (k,m)-Deleted Graphs with Constrains Conditions

**Authors:**
Sizhong Zhou,
Hongxia Liu

**Abstract:**

Let G be a graph of order n, and let k 2 and m 0 be two integers. Let h : E(G) [0, 1] be a function. If e∋x h(e) = k holds for each x V (G), then we call G[Fh] a fractional k-factor of G with indicator function h where Fh = {e E(G) : h(e) > 0}. A graph G is called a fractional (k,m)-deleted graph if there exists a fractional k-factor G[Fh] of G with indicator function h such that h(e) = 0 for any e E(H), where H is any subgraph of G with m edges. In this paper, it is proved that G is a fractional (k,m)-deleted graph if (G) k + m + m k+1 , n 4k2 + 2k − 6 + (4k 2 +6k−2)m−2 k−1 and max{dG(x), dG(y)} n 2 for any vertices x and y of G with dG(x, y) = 2. Furthermore, it is shown that the result in this paper is best possible in some sense.

**Keywords:**
Graph,
degree condition,
fractional k-factor,
fractional (k,
m)-deleted graph.

##### 12893 Metric Dimension on Line Graph of Honeycomb Networks

**Authors:**
M. Hussain,
Aqsa Farooq

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Resolving set,
metric dimension,
honeycomb network,
line graph.

##### 12892 Comparison of Full Graph Methods of Switched Circuits Solution

**Authors:**
Zdeňka Dostálová,
David Matoušek,
Bohumil Brtnik

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Switched capacitors of two phases,
switched
currents of two phases,
transformation graph,
two-graph,
Mason's
formula,
voltage transfer,
summary graph.

##### 12891 Connected Vertex Cover in 2-Connected Planar Graph with Maximum Degree 4 is NP-complete

**Authors:**
Priyadarsini P. L. K,
Hemalatha T.

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
NP-complete,
2-Connected planar graph,
block,
cut vertex

##### 12890 On Detour Spectra of Some Graphs

**Authors:**
S.K.Ayyaswamy,
S.Balachandran

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Detour eigenvalue (of a graph),
detour spectrum(of a graph),
detour energy(of a graph),
detour - equienergetic graphs.

##### 12889 Intention Recognition using a Graph Representation

**Authors:**
So-Jeong Youn,
Kyung-Whan Oh

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Intention recognition,
intention,
graph,
HCI.

##### 12888 On the Use of Correlated Binary Model in Social Network Analysis

**Authors:**
Elsayed A. Habib Elamir

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Correlated Binary data,
cross product ratio,
densityof the graph,
multiplicative binomial distribution.

##### 12887 Notes on Fractional k-Covered Graphs

**Authors:**
Sizhong Zhou,
Yang Xu

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
graph,
binding number,
fractional k-factor,
fractional k-covered graph.