**Commenced**in January 2007

**Frequency:**Monthly

**Edition:**International

**Paper Count:**7865

# Search results for: Correlated Binary data

##### 7865 On the Use of Correlated Binary Model in Social Network Analysis

**Authors:**
Elsayed A. Habib Elamir

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Correlated Binary data,
cross product ratio,
densityof the graph,
multiplicative binomial distribution.

##### 7864 Isobaric Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data for Binary Mixture of 2-Methyltetrahydrofuran and Cumene

**Authors:**
V. K. Rattan,
Baljinder K. Gill,
Seema Kapoor

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Binary mixture,
2-Methyltetrahydrofuran,
Cumene,
Vapor-liquid equilibrium,
UNIFAC,
Excess Gibbs free energy.

##### 7863 Isobaric Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data for Binary Mixtures of n-Butylamine and Triethylamine with Cumene at 97.3 kPa

**Authors:**
Baljinder K. Gill,
V. K. Rattan,
Seema Kapoor

**Abstract:**

Isobaric vapor-liquid equilibrium measurements are reported for the binary mixtures of n-Butylamine and Triethylamine with Cumene at 97.3 kPa. The measurements have been performed using a vapor recirculating type (modified Othmer's) equilibrium still. The binary mixture of n-Butylamine + Cumene shows positive deviation from ideality. Triethylamine + Cumene mixture shows negligible deviation from ideality. None of the systems form an azeotrope. The activity coefficients have been calculated taking into consideration the vapor phase nonideality. The data satisfy the thermodynamic consistency test of Herington. The activity coefficients have been satisfactorily correlated by means of the Margules, NRTL, and Black equations. The activity coefficient values obtained by the UNIFAC model are also reported.

**Keywords:**
Binary mixture,
cumene,
n-butylamine,
triethylamine,
vapor-liquid equilibrium.

##### 7862 Isobaric Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium of Binary Mixture of Methyl Acetate with Isopropylbenzene at 97.3 kPa

**Authors:**
Seema Kapoor,
Baljinder K. Gill,
V. K. Rattan

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Binary mixture,
Isopropylbenzene,
Methyl acetate,
Vapor-liquid equilibrium.

##### 7861 Refractive Index, Excess Molar Volume and Viscometric Study of Binary Liquid Mixture of Morpholine with Cumene at 298.15 K, 303.15 K, and 308.15 K

**Authors:**
B. K. Gill,
Himani Sharma,
V. K. Rattan

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Cumene,
excess Gibbs free energy,
excess molar volume,
morpholine.

##### 7860 A Hybrid Feature Subset Selection Approach based on SVM and Binary ACO. Application to Industrial Diagnosis

**Authors:**
O. Kadri,
M. D. Mouss,
L.H. Mouss,
F. Merah

**Abstract:**

This paper proposes a novel hybrid algorithm for feature selection based on a binary ant colony and SVM. The final subset selection is attained through the elimination of the features that produce noise or, are strictly correlated with other already selected features. Our algorithm can improve classification accuracy with a small and appropriate feature subset. Proposed algorithm is easily implemented and because of use of a simple filter in that, its computational complexity is very low. The performance of the proposed algorithm is evaluated through a real Rotary Cement kiln dataset. The results show that our algorithm outperforms existing algorithms.

**Keywords:**
Binary Ant Colony algorithm,
Support VectorMachine,
feature selection,
classification.

##### 7859 Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium for the Binary Mixtures of α-Pinene + Water and α-Terpineol + Water

**Authors:**
Herti Utami,
Sutijan,
Roto,
Wahyudi Budi Sediawan

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
α-Pinene,
α-Terpineol,
Liquid-liquid Equilibrium,
NRTL model,
UNIQUAC model

##### 7858 Hit-or-Miss Transform as a Tool for Similar Shape Detection

**Authors:**
Osama Mohamed Elrajubi,
Idris El-Feghi,
Mohamed Abu Baker Saghayer

**Abstract:**

This paper describes an identification of specific shapes within binary images using the morphological Hit-or-Miss Transform (HMT). Hit-or-Miss transform is a general binary morphological operation that can be used in searching of particular patterns of foreground and background pixels in an image. It is actually a basic operation of binary morphology since almost all other binary morphological operators are derived from it. The input of this method is a binary image and a structuring element (a template which will be searched in a binary image) while the output is another binary image. In this paper a modification of Hit-or-Miss transform has been proposed. The accuracy of algorithm is adjusted according to the similarity of the template and the sought template. The implementation of this method has been done by C language. The algorithm has been tested on several images and the results have shown that this new method can be used for similar shape detection.

**Keywords:**
Hit-or/and-Miss Operator/Transform,
HMT,
binary morphological operation,
shape detection,
binary images processing.

##### 7857 Mining Correlated Bicluster from Web Usage Data Using Discrete Firefly Algorithm Based Biclustering Approach

**Authors:**
K. Thangavel,
R. Rathipriya

**Abstract:**

For the past one decade, biclustering has become popular data mining technique not only in the field of biological data analysis but also in other applications like text mining, market data analysis with high-dimensional two-way datasets. Biclustering clusters both rows and columns of a dataset simultaneously, as opposed to traditional clustering which clusters either rows or columns of a dataset. It retrieves subgroups of objects that are similar in one subgroup of variables and different in the remaining variables. Firefly Algorithm (FA) is a recently-proposed metaheuristic inspired by the collective behavior of fireflies. This paper provides a preliminary assessment of discrete version of FA (DFA) while coping with the task of mining coherent and large volume bicluster from web usage dataset. The experiments were conducted on two web usage datasets from public dataset repository whereby the performance of FA was compared with that exhibited by other population-based metaheuristic called binary Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). The results achieved demonstrate the usefulness of DFA while tackling the biclustering problem.

**Keywords:**
Biclustering,
Binary Particle Swarm Optimization,
Discrete Firefly Algorithm,
Firefly Algorithm,
Usage profile Web usage mining.

##### 7856 Binary Mixture of Copper-Cobalt Ions Uptake by Zeolite using Neural Network

**Authors:**
John Kabuba,
Antoine Mulaba-Bafubiandi,
Kim Battle

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Adsorption isotherm,
binary system,
neural network;
sorption

##### 7855 Isobaric Vapor-Liquid Equilibria of Mesitylene + 1- Heptanol and Mesitylene +1-Octanol at 97.3 kPa

**Authors:**
Seema Kapoor,
Sushil K. Kansal,
Baljinder K. Gill,
Aarti Sharma,
Swati Arora

**Abstract:**

Isobaric vapor-liquid equilibrium measurements are reported for the binary mixtures of Mesitylene + 1-Heptanol and Mesitylene + 1-Octanol at 97.3 kPa. The measurements have been performed using a vapor recirculating type (modified Othmer's) equilibrium still. Both the mixtures show positive deviation from ideality. The Mesitylene + 1-Heptanol mixture forms an azeotrope whereas Mesitylene + 1- Octanol form a non – azeotropic mixture. The activity coefficients have been calculated taking into consideration the vapor phase nonideality. The data satisfy the thermodynamic consistency tests of Herington, and Hirata. The activity coefficients have been satisfactorily correlated by means of the Margules, Redlich-Kister, Wilson, Black, and NRTL equations. The activity coefficient values have also been obtained by UNIFAC method.

**Keywords:**
Binary mixture,
Mesitylene,
Vapor-liquid
equilibrium,
1-Heptanol,
1-Octanol.

##### 7854 Minimum Fluidization Velocities of Binary-Solid Mixtures: Model Comparison

**Authors:**
Mohammad Asif

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Bed void fraction,
Binary solid mixture,
Minimumfluidization velocity,
Packing models

##### 7853 Agglomerative Hierarchical Clustering Using the Tθ Family of Similarity Measures

**Authors:**
Salima Kouici,
Abdelkader Khelladi

**Abstract:**

In this work, we begin with the presentation of the Tθ family of usual similarity measures concerning multidimensional binary data. Subsequently, some properties of these measures are proposed. Finally the impact of the use of different inter-elements measures on the results of the Agglomerative Hierarchical Clustering Methods is studied.

**Keywords:**
Binary data,
similarity measure,
Tθ measures,
Agglomerative Hierarchical Clustering.

##### 7852 Binary Classification Tree with Tuned Observation-based Clustering

**Authors:**
Maythapolnun Athimethphat,
Boontarika Lerteerawong

**Abstract:**

There are several approaches for handling multiclass classification. Aside from one-against-one (OAO) and one-against-all (OAA), hierarchical classification technique is also commonly used. A binary classification tree is a hierarchical classification structure that breaks down a k-class problem into binary sub-problems, each solved by a binary classifier. In each node, a set of classes is divided into two subsets. A good class partition should be able to group similar classes together. Many algorithms measure similarity in term of distance between class centroids. Classes are grouped together by a clustering algorithm when distances between their centroids are small. In this paper, we present a binary classification tree with tuned observation-based clustering (BCT-TOB) that finds a class partition by performing clustering on observations instead of class centroids. A merging step is introduced to merge any insignificant class split. The experiment shows that performance of BCT-TOB is comparable to other algorithms.

**Keywords:**
multiclass classification,
hierarchical classification,
binary classification tree,
clustering,
observation-based clustering

##### 7851 Methods for Data Selection in Medical Databases: The Binary Logistic Regression -Relations with the Calculated Risks

**Authors:**
Cristina G. Dascalu,
Elena Mihaela Carausu,
Daniela Manuc

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Databases,
risk factors,
binary logisticregression,
hierarchy.

##### 7850 Induction of Expressive Rules using the Binary Coding Method

**Authors:**
Seyed R Mousavi

**Abstract:**

In most rule-induction algorithms, the only operator used against nominal attributes is the equality operator =. In this paper, we first propose the use of the inequality operator, *≠*, in addition to the equality operator, to increase the expressiveness of induced rules. Then, we present a new method, Binary Coding, which can be used along with an arbitrary rule-induction algorithm to make use of the inequality operator without any need to change the algorithm. Experimental results suggest that the Binary Coding method is promising enough for further investigation, especially in cases where the minimum number of rules is desirable.

**Keywords:**
Data mining,
Inequality operator,
Number of rules,
Rule-induction.

##### 7849 Algorithm for Reconstructing 3D-Binary Matrix with Periodicity Constraints from Two Projections

**Authors:**
V. Masilamani,
Kamala Krithivasan

**Abstract:**

We study the problem of reconstructing a three dimensional binary matrices whose interiors are only accessible through few projections. Such question is prominently motivated by the demand in material science for developing tool for reconstruction of crystalline structures from their images obtained by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Various approaches have been suggested to reconstruct 3D-object (crystalline structure) by reconstructing slice of the 3D-object. To handle the ill-posedness of the problem, a priori information such as convexity, connectivity and periodicity are used to limit the number of possible solutions. Formally, 3Dobject (crystalline structure) having a priory information is modeled by a class of 3D-binary matrices satisfying a priori information. We consider 3D-binary matrices with periodicity constraints, and we propose a polynomial time algorithm to reconstruct 3D-binary matrices with periodicity constraints from two orthogonal projections.

**Keywords:**
3D-Binary Matrix Reconstruction,
Computed Tomography,
Discrete Tomography,
Integral Max Flow Problem.

##### 7848 Conditions on Blind Source Separability of Linear FIR-MIMO Systems with Binary Inputs

**Authors:**
Jiashan Tang

**Abstract:**

In this note, we investigate the blind source separability of linear FIR-MIMO systems. The concept of semi-reversibility of a system is presented. It is shown that for a semi-reversible system, if the input signals belong to a binary alphabet, then the source data can be blindly separated. One sufficient condition for a system to be semi-reversible is obtained. It is also shown that the proposed criteria is weaker than that in the literature which requires that the channel matrix is irreducible/invertible or reversible.

**Keywords:**
Blind source separable,
FIR-MIMO system,
Binary input,
Bezout equality.

##### 7847 Estimating Shortest Circuit Path Length Complexity

**Authors:**
Azam Beg,
P. W. Chandana Prasad,
S.M.N.A Senenayake

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Monte Carlo circuit simulation data,
binary
decision diagrams,
neural network modeling,
shortest path length
estimation

##### 7846 Entropy Based Data Hiding for Document Images

**Authors:**
Swetha Kurup,
Sridhar G.,
Sridhar V.

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Entropy,
Steganography,
Watermarking.

##### 7845 Quick Similarity Measurement of Binary Images via Probabilistic Pixel Mapping

**Authors:**
Adnan A. Y. Mustafa

**Abstract:**

In this paper we present a quick technique to measure the similarity between binary images. The technique is based on a probabilistic mapping approach and is fast because only a minute percentage of the image pixels need to be compared to measure the similarity, and not the whole image. We exploit the power of the Probabilistic Matching Model for Binary Images (PMMBI) to arrive at an estimate of the similarity. We show that the estimate is a good approximation of the actual value, and the quality of the estimate can be improved further with increased image mappings. Furthermore, the technique is image size invariant; the similarity between big images can be measured as fast as that for small images. Examples of trials conducted on real images are presented.

**Keywords:**
Big images,
binary images,
similarity,
matching.

##### 7844 Reconstruction of Binary Matrices Satisfying Neighborhood Constraints by Simulated Annealing

**Authors:**
Divyesh Patel,
Tanuja Srivastava

**Abstract:**

This paper considers the NP-hard problem of reconstructing binary matrices satisfying exactly-1-4-adjacency constraint from its row and column projections. This problem is formulated into a maximization problem. The objective function gives a measure of adjacency constraint for the binary matrices. The maximization problem is solved by the simulated annealing algorithm and experimental results are presented.

**Keywords:**
Discrete Tomography,
exactly-1-4-adjacency,
simulated annealing.

##### 7843 Lattice Boltzmann Simulation of Binary Mixture Diffusion Using Modern Graphics Processors

**Authors:**
Mohammad Amin Safi,
Mahmud Ashrafizaadeh,
Amir Ali Ashrafizaadeh

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Lattice Boltzmann model,
Graphical processing unit,
Binary mixture diffusion,
2D flow simulations,
Optimized algorithm.

##### 7842 H-ARQ Techniques for Wireless Systems with Punctured Non-Binary LDPC as FEC Code

**Authors:**
Ł. Kiedrowski,
H. Gierszal,
W. Hołubowicz

**Abstract:**

This paper presents the H-ARQ techniques comparison for OFDM systems with a new family of non-binary LDPC codes which has been developed within the EU FP7 DAVINCI project. The punctured NB-LDPC codes have been used in a simulated model of the transmission system. The link level performance has been evaluated in terms of spectral efficiency, codeword error rate and average number of retransmissions. The NB-LDPC codes can be easily and effective implemented with different methods of the retransmission needed if correct decoding of a codeword failed. Here the Optimal Symbol Selection method is proposed as a Chase Combining technique.

**Keywords:**
H-ARQ,
LDPC,
Non-Binary,
Punctured Codes.

##### 7841 Mathematical Modelling for Separation of Binary Aqueous Solution using Hollow Fiber Reverse Osmosis Module

**Authors:**
Anil Kumar,
S. Deswal

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Binary aqueous solution,
modeling,
reverse
osmosis module,
Spiegler-Kedem theory.

##### 7840 Binary Phase-Only Filter Watermarking with Quantized Embedding

**Authors:**
Hu Haibo,
Liu Yi,
He Ming

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
binary phase-only filter,
discrete Fourier transform,
digital watermarking,
image authentication,
quantization.

##### 7839 Approximately Similarity Measurement of Web Sites Using Genetic Algorithms and Binary Trees

**Authors:**
Doru Anastasiu Popescu,
Dan Rădulescu

**Abstract:**

In this paper, we determine the similarity of two HTML web applications. We are going to use a genetic algorithm in order to determine the most significant web pages of each application (we are not going to use every web page of a site). Using these significant web pages, we will find the similarity value between the two applications. The algorithm is going to be efficient because we are going to use a reduced number of web pages for comparisons but it will return an approximate value of the similarity. The binary trees are used to keep the tags from the significant pages. The algorithm was implemented in Java language.

**Keywords:**
Tag,
HTML,
web page,
genetic algorithm,
similarity value,
binary tree.

##### 7838 A Physical Theory of Information vs. a Mathematical Theory of Communication

**Authors:**
Manouchehr Amiri

**Abstract:**

This article presents a general notion of physical bit information that is compatible with the basics of quantum mechanics and incorporates the Shannon entropy as a special case. This notion of physical information leads to the Binary Data Matrix model (BDM), which predicts the basic results of quantum mechanics, general relativity, and black hole thermodynamics. The compatibility of the model with holographic, information conservation, and Landauer’s principle is investigated. After deriving the “Bit Information principle” as a consequence of BDM, the fundamental equations of Planck, De Broglie, Bekenstein, and mass-energy equivalence are derived.

**Keywords:**
Physical theory of information,
binary data matrix model,
Shannon information theory,
bit information principle.

##### 7837 A 1.2-ns16×16-Bit Binary Multiplier Using High Speed Compressors

**Authors:**
A. Dandapat,
S. Ghosal,
P. Sarkar,
D. Mukhopadhyay

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Binary multiplier,
Compressors,
Counter,
Column adder,
Low power.

##### 7836 Rigid Registration of Reduced Dimension Images using 1D Binary Projections

**Authors:**
Panos D. Kotsas,
Tony Dodd

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
binary projections,
image registration,
reduceddimension images.