**Commenced**in January 2007

**Frequency:**Monthly

**Edition:**International

**Paper Count:**9410

# Search results for: energy ratio

##### 9410 Study Concerning the Energy-to-Mass Ratio in Pneumatic Muscles

**Authors:**
Tudor Deaconescu,
Andrea Deaconescu

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
pneumatic cylinders,
pneumatic muscles,
energy-to-mass ratio,
muscle stroke

##### 9409 An Analysis of Energy Use and Input Level for Tomato Production in Turkey

**Authors:**
Hasan Vural

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Tomato production,
energy ratio,
energy input,
Turkey

##### 9408 Bowen Ratio in Western São Paulo State, Brazil

**Authors:**
Elaine Cristina Barboza,
Antonio Jaschke Machado

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Bowen ratio,
medium-sized cities,
surface energy balance,
urban climate

##### 9407 Architecture Performance-Related Design Based on Graphic Parameterization

**Authors:**
Wenzhe Li,
Xiaoyu Ying,
Grace Ding

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
graphic parameterization,
green building design,
mathematical model,
plane form

##### 9406 About the Number of Fundamental Physical Interactions

**Authors:**
Andrey Angorsky

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
damping ratio,
dark energy,
dimensionless quantity,
fundamental physical interactions,
Higgs field,
non-commutative expression

##### 9405 Use of Biomass as Co-Fuel in Briquetting of Low-Rank Coal: Strengthen the Energy Supply and Save the Environment

**Authors:**
Mahidin,
Yanna Syamsuddin,
Samsul Rizal

**Abstract:**

*Jatropha curcas*that is easy to grow in Indonesia is also a typical energy source either for bio-diesel or biomass. In this study, biomass was used as co-fuel in briquetting of low-rank coal to suppress the release of emission (such as CO, NO

_{x}and SO

_{x}) during coal combustion. Desulfurizer, CaO-base, was also added to ensure the SO

_{x}capture is effectively occurred. Ratio of coal to palm kernel shell (w/w) in the bio-briquette were 50:50, 60:40, 70:30, 80:20 and 90:10, while ratio of calcium to sulfur (Ca/S) in mole/mole were 1:1; 1.25:1; 1.5:1; 1.75:1 and 2:1. The bio-briquette then subjected to physical characterization and combustion test. The results show that the maximum weight loss in the durability measurement was ±6%. In addition, the highest stove efficiency for each desulfurizer was observed at the coal/PKS ratio of 90:10 and Ca/S ratio of 1:1 (except for the scallop shell desulfurizer that appeared at two Ca/S ratios; 1.25:1 and 1.5:1, respectively), i.e. 13.8% for the lime; 15.86% for the oyster shell; 14.54% for the scallop shell and 15.84% for the green mussel shell desulfurizers.

**Keywords:**
biomass,
low-rank coal,
bio-briquette,
new and renewable energy,
palm kernel shell

##### 9404 Experimental Investigation on Variable Compression Ratio of Single Cylinder Four Stroke SI Engine Working under Ethanol – Gasoline Blend

**Authors:**
B. V. Lande,
Suhas Kongare

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
blend,
compression ratio,
ethanol,
performance,
blend

##### 9403 Evaporative Air Coolers Optimization for Energy Consumption Reduction and Energy Efficiency Ratio Increment

**Authors:**
Leila Torkaman,
Nasser Ghassembaglou

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
cooler,
EER,
energy label,
optimization

##### 9402 Experimental Study on Temperature Splitting of a Counter-Flow Ranque-Hilsch Vortex Tube

**Authors:**
Hany. A. Mohamed,
M. Attalla,
M. Salem,
Hussein M. Mghrabie,
E. Specht

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Ranque-Hilsch,
vortex tube,
aspect ratio,
energy separation

##### 9401 Optimising Urban Climate at Mesoscale: The Case of Floor-Area-Ratio Modelling and Energy Planning Integration

**Authors:**
Ali Cheshmehzangi,
Ayotunde Dawodu

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
China,
energy planning,
FAR,
floor-area-ratio,
mesoscale,
urban climate,
urban modelling

##### 9400 Analytical Solution of Specific Energy Equation in Exponential Channels

**Authors:**
Abdulrahman Abdulrahman

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
alternate depth,
analytical solution,
specific energy,
parabolic channel,
rectangular channel,
triangular channel,
open channel flow

##### 9399 Parametric Analysis of Syn-gas Fueled SOFC with Internal Reforming

**Authors:**
Sanjay Tushar Choudhary

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
current density,
SOFC,
suel utilization factor,
recirculation ratio

##### 9398 Application of Golden Ratio in Contemporary Textile Industry and Its Effect on Consumer Preferences

**Authors:**
Rafia Asghar,
Abdul Hafeez

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
golden ratio,
Fibonacci numbers,
textile design,
designs

##### 9397 Convective Hot Air Drying of Different Varieties of Blanched Sweet Potato Slices

**Authors:**
M. O. Oke,
T. S. Workneh

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
sweet potato slice,
drying models,
moisture ratio,
moisture diffusivity,
activation energy

##### 9396 Gravitational Energy Storage by Using Concrete Stacks

**Authors:**
Anusit Punsirichaiyakul,
Tosaphol Ratniyomchai,
Thanatchai Kulworawanichpong

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
gravity,
concrete stacks,
vertical,
oblique

##### 9395 Ratio Energy and Protein of Dietary Based on Rice Straw Ammoniated on Productivity of Male Simenthal Cattle

**Authors:**
Mardiati Zain,
Yetti Marlida,
Elihasridas Elihasridas,
Erpomen Erpomen,
Andri Andri

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
energy and protein ratio,
simenthal cattle,
rice straw ammoniated,
digestibility

##### 9394 The Effect of Mathematical Modeling of Damping on the Seismic Energy Demands

**Authors:**
Selamawit Dires,
Solomon Tesfamariam,
Thomas Tannert

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
damping,
energy-based seismic design,
hysteretic energy,
input energy

##### 9393 Development and Structural Performance Evaluation on Slit Circular Shear Panel Damper

**Authors:**
Daniel Y. Abebe,
Jaehyouk Choi

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
slit circular shear panel damper,
hysteresis characteristics,
slip length-to-width ratio,
D/t ratio,
FE analysis

##### 9392 The Effect of Geometrical Ratio and Nanoparticle Reinforcement on the Properties of Al-based Nanocomposite Hollow Sphere Structures

**Authors:**
Mostafa Amirjan

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
hollow sphere structure foam,
nanocomposite,
thickness and diameter (t/D ),
powder metallurgy

##### 9391 Energy Use and Econometric Models of Soybean Production in Mazandaran Province of Iran

**Authors:**
Majid AghaAlikhani,
Mostafa Hojati,
Saeid Satari-Yuzbashkandi

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Cobbe Douglas function,
economical analysis,
energy efficiency,
energy use patterns,
soybean

##### 9390 Stabilization of Clay Soil Using A-3 Soil

**Authors:**
Mohammed Mustapha Alhaji,
Sadiku Salawu

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
A-3 soil,
clay minerals,
pozzolanic action,
stabilization

##### 9389 A Key Parameter in Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Design and Operation

**Authors:**
Yongjian Gu

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
ocean thermal energy,
ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC),
OTEC plant,
plant back work ratio ϕ

##### 9388 Cellular Energy Metabolism Decreases with Age in the Trophocytes and Oenocytes of Honeybees (Apis Mellifera)

**Authors:**
Chin-Yuan Hsu,
Yu-Lung Chuang

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
aging,
energy,
honeybee,
metabolism

##### 9387 The Simple Two-Step Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) Transferring Process for High Aspect Ratio Microstructures

**Authors:**
Shaoxi Wang,
Pouya Rezai

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
high aspect ratio,
microstructure,
PDMS,
Brij

##### 9386 Energy Absorption of Circular Thin-Walled Tube with Curved-Crease Patterns under Axial Crushing

**Authors:**
Grzegorz Dolzyk,
Sungmoon Jung

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
axial crushing,
energy absorption,
grooving,
thin-wall structures

##### 9385 Behavior of Castellated Beam Column Due to Cyclic Loads

**Authors:**
Junus Mara,
Herman Parung,
Jhony Tanijaya,
Rudy Djamaluddin

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
steel,
castella,
column beams,
cyclic load

##### 9384 DC-to-DC Converters for Low-Voltage High-Power Renewable Energy Systems

**Authors:**
Abdar Ali,
Rizwan Ullah,
Zahid Ullah

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
flyback converter,
interleaved boost,
photovoltaic array,
fuel cell,
switch stress,
voltage conversion ratio,
renewable energy

##### 9383 Analytical Solution for End Depth Ratio in Rectangular Channels

**Authors:**
Abdulrahman Abdulrahman,
Abir Abdulrahman

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
analytical solution,
brink depth,
end depth,
flow measurement,
free over fall,
hydraulics,
rectangular channel

##### 9382 Enhanced Methane Production from Waste Paper through Anaerobic Co-Digestion with Macroalgae

**Authors:**
Cristina Rodriguez,
Abed Alaswad,
Zaki El-Hassan,
Abdul G. Olabi

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
anaerobic co-digestion,
biogas,
macroalgae,
waste paper

##### 9381 Prediction of Pounding between Two SDOF Systems by Using Link Element Based On Mathematic Relations and Suggestion of New Equation for Impact Damping Ratio

**Authors:**
Seyed M. Khatami,
H. Naderpour,
R. Vahdani,
R. C. Barros

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
impact force,
dissipated energy,
kinetic energy loss,
damping relation