**Commenced**in January 2007

**Frequency:**Monthly

**Edition:**International

**Paper Count:**823

# Search results for: entire sequence.

##### 823 On Some Subspaces of Entire Sequence Space of Fuzzy Numbers

**Authors:**
T. Balasubramanian,
A. Pandiarani

**Abstract:**

In this paper we introduce some subspaces of fuzzy entire sequence space. Some general properties of these sequence spaces are discussed. Also some inclusion relation involving the spaces are obtained. Mathematics Subject Classification: 40A05, 40D25.

**Keywords:**
Fuzzy Numbers,
Entire sequences,
completeness,
Fuzzy entire sequences

##### 822 On λ− Summable of Orlicz Space of Entire Sequences of Fuzzy Numbers

**Authors:**
N. Subramanian,
U. K. Misra,
M. S. Panda

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Fuzzy numbers,
statistical convergence,
Orlicz space,
entire sequence.

##### 821 The Orlicz Space of the Entire Sequence Fuzzy Numbers Defined by Infinite Matrices

**Authors:**
N.Subramanian,
C.Murugesan

**Abstract:**

This paper is devoted to the study of the general properties of Orlicz space of entire sequence of fuzzy numbers by using infinite matrices.

**Keywords:**
Fuzzy numbers,
infinite matrix,
Orlicz space,
entiresequence.

##### 820 Influence of Stacking Sequence and Temperature on Buckling Resistance of GFRP Infill Panel

**Authors:**
Viriyavudh Sim,
SeungHyun Kim,
JungKyu Choi,
WooYoung Jung

**Abstract:**

Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) is a major evolution for energy dissipation when used as infill material for seismic retrofitting of steel frame, a basic PMC infill wall system consists of two GFRP laminates surrounding an infill of foam core. This paper presents numerical analysis in terms of buckling resistance of GFRP sandwich infill panels system under the influence of environment temperature and stacking sequence of laminate skin. Mode of failure under in-plane compression is studied by means of numerical analysis with ABAQUS platform. Parameters considered in this study are contact length between infill and frame, laminate stacking sequence of GFRP skin and variation of mechanical properties due to increment of temperature. The analysis is done with four cases of simple stacking sequence over a range of temperature. The result showed that both the effect of temperature and stacking sequence alter the performance of entire panel system. The rises of temperature resulted in the decrements of the panel’s strength. This is due to the polymeric nature of this material. Additionally, the contact length also displays the effect on the performance of infill panel. Furthermore, the laminate stiffness can be modified by orientation of laminate, which can increase the infill panel strength. Hence, optimal performance of the entire panel system can be obtained by comparing different cases of stacking sequence.

**Keywords:**
Buckling resistance,
GFRP infill panel,
stacking sequence,
temperature dependent.

##### 819 Fractal Analysis of 16S rRNA Gene Sequences in Archaea Thermophiles

**Authors:**
T. Holden,
G. Tremberger,
Jr,
E. Cheung,
R. Subramaniam,
R. Sullivan,
N. Gadura,
P. Schneider,
P. Marchese,
A. Flamholz,
T. Cheung,
D. Lieberman

**Abstract:**

A nucleotide sequence can be expressed as a numerical sequence when each nucleotide is assigned its proton number. A resulting gene numerical sequence can be investigated for its fractal dimension in terms of evolution and chemical properties for comparative studies. We have investigated such nucleotide fluctuation in the 16S rRNA gene of archaea thermophiles. The studied archaea thermophiles were archaeoglobus fulgidus, methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus, methanocaldococcus jannaschii, pyrococcus horikoshii, and thermoplasma acidophilum. The studied five archaea-euryarchaeota thermophiles have fractal dimension values ranging from 1.93 to 1.97. Computer simulation shows that random sequences would have an average of about 2 with a standard deviation about 0.015. The fractal dimension was found to correlate (negative correlation) with the thermophile-s optimal growth temperature with R2 value of 0.90 (N =5). The inclusion of two aracheae-crenarchaeota thermophiles reduces the R2 value to 0.66 (N = 7). Further inclusion of two bacterial thermophiles reduces the R2 value to 0.50 (N =9). The fractal dimension is correlated (positive) to the sequence GC content with an R2 value of 0.89 for the five archaea-euryarchaeota thermophiles (and 0.74 for the entire set of N = 9), although computer simulation shows little correlation. The highest correlation (positive) was found to be between the fractal dimension and di-nucleotide Shannon entropy. However Shannon entropy and sequence GC content were observed to correlate with optimal growth temperature having an R2 of 0.8 (negative), and 0.88 (positive), respectively, for the entire set of 9 thermophiles; thus the correlation lacks species specificity. Together with another correlation study of bacterial radiation dosage with RecA repair gene sequence fractal dimension, it is postulated that fractal dimension analysis is a sensitive tool for studying the relationship between genotype and phenotype among closely related sequences.

**Keywords:**
Fractal dimension,
archaea thermophiles,
Shannon entropy,
GC content

##### 818 Multiple Sequence Alignment Using Optimization Algorithms

**Authors:**
M. F. Omar,
R. A. Salam,
R. Abdullah,
N. A. Rashid

**Abstract:**

Proteins or genes that have similar sequences are likely to perform the same function. One of the most widely used techniques for sequence comparison is sequence alignment. Sequence alignment allows mismatches and insertion/deletion, which represents biological mutations. Sequence alignment is usually performed only on two sequences. Multiple sequence alignment, is a natural extension of two-sequence alignment. In multiple sequence alignment, the emphasis is to find optimal alignment for a group of sequences. Several applicable techniques were observed in this research, from traditional method such as dynamic programming to the extend of widely used stochastic optimization method such as Genetic Algorithms (GAs) and Simulated Annealing. A framework with combination of Genetic Algorithm and Simulated Annealing is presented to solve Multiple Sequence Alignment problem. The Genetic Algorithm phase will try to find new region of solution while Simulated Annealing can be considered as an alignment improver for any near optimal solution produced by GAs.

**Keywords:**
Simulated annealing,
genetic algorithm,
sequence alignment,
multiple sequence alignment.

##### 817 Parallezation Protein Sequence Similarity Algorithms using Remote Method Interface

**Authors:**
Mubarak Saif Mohsen,
Zurinahni Zainol,
Rosalina Abdul Salam,
Wahidah Husain

**Abstract:**

One of the major problems in genomic field is to perform sequence comparison on DNA and protein sequences. Executing sequence comparison on the DNA and protein data is a computationally intensive task. Sequence comparison is the basic step for all algorithms in protein sequences similarity. Parallel computing is an attractive solution to provide the computational power needed to speedup the lengthy process of the sequence comparison. Our main research is to enhance the protein sequence algorithm using dynamic programming method. In our approach, we parallelize the dynamic programming algorithm using multithreaded program to perform the sequence comparison and also developed a distributed protein database among many PCs using Remote Method Interface (RMI). As a result, we showed how different sizes of protein sequences data and computation of scoring matrix of these protein sequence on different number of processors affected the processing time and speed, as oppose to sequential processing.

**Keywords:**
Protein sequence algorithm,
dynamic programming algorithm,
multithread

##### 816 FSM-based Recognition of Dynamic Hand Gestures via Gesture Summarization Using Key Video Object Planes

**Authors:**
M. K. Bhuyan

**Abstract:**

The use of human hand as a natural interface for humancomputer interaction (HCI) serves as the motivation for research in hand gesture recognition. Vision-based hand gesture recognition involves visual analysis of hand shape, position and/or movement. In this paper, we use the concept of object-based video abstraction for segmenting the frames into video object planes (VOPs), as used in MPEG-4, with each VOP corresponding to one semantically meaningful hand position. Next, the key VOPs are selected on the basis of the amount of change in hand shape – for a given key frame in the sequence the next key frame is the one in which the hand changes its shape significantly. Thus, an entire video clip is transformed into a small number of representative frames that are sufficient to represent a gesture sequence. Subsequently, we model a particular gesture as a sequence of key frames each bearing information about its duration. These constitute a finite state machine. For recognition, the states of the incoming gesture sequence are matched with the states of all different FSMs contained in the database of gesture vocabulary. The core idea of our proposed representation is that redundant frames of the gesture video sequence bear only the temporal information of a gesture and hence discarded for computational efficiency. Experimental results obtained demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed scheme for key frame extraction, subsequent gesture summarization and finally gesture recognition.

**Keywords:**
Hand gesture,
MPEG-4,
Hausdorff distance,
finite state machine.

##### 815 Software Evolution Based Sequence Diagrams Merging

**Authors:**
Zine-Eddine Bouras,
Abdelouaheb Talai

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
System behaviors,
sequence diagram merging,
dependence analysis,
sequence diagram slicing.

##### 814 A New Class F2 (M, 0, N)L„ p)F of The Double Difference Sequences of Fuzzy Numbers

**Authors:**
N. Subramanian,
C. Murugesan

**Abstract:**

The double difference sequence space I2 (M, of fuzzy numbers for both 1 < p < oo and 0 < p < 1, is introduced. Some general properties of this sequence space are studied. Some inclusion relations involving this sequence space are obtained.

**Keywords:**
Orlicz function,
solid space,
metric space,
completeness

##### 813 An Improved Fast Search Method Using Histogram Features for DNA Sequence Database

**Authors:**
Qiu Chen,
Feifei Lee,
Koji Kotani,
Tadahiro Ohmi

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Fast search,
DNA sequence,
Histogram feature,
Smith-Waterman algorithm,
Local search

##### 812 Identifying New Sequence Features for Exon-Intron Discrimination by Rescaled-Range Frameshift Analysis

**Authors:**
Sing-Wu Liou,
Yin-Fu Huang

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Exon-Intron Discrimination,
Rescaled-Range Frameshift Analysis,
Frameshift Sensitivity,
Accumulative Sequence Complexity

##### 811 Interactive Model Based On an Extended CPN

**Authors:**
Shuzhen Yao,
Fengjing Zhao,
Jianwei He

**Abstract:**

The UML modeling of complex distributed systems often is a great challenge due to the large amount of parallel real-time operating components. In this paper the problems of verification of such systems are discussed. ECPN, an Extended Colored Petri Net is defined to formally describe state transitions of components and interactions among components. The relationship between sequence diagrams and Free Choice Petri Nets is investigated. Free Choice Petri Net theory helps verifying the liveness of sequence diagrams. By converting sequence diagrams to ECPNs and then comparing behaviors of sequence diagram ECPNs and statecharts, the consistency among models is analyzed. Finally, a verification process for an example model is demonstrated.

**Keywords:**
Consistency,
liveness,
Petri Net,
sequence diagram.

##### 810 Optimization of Supersonic Ejector via Sequence-Adapted Micro-Genetic Algorithm

**Authors:**
Kolar Jan,
Dvorak Vaclav

**Abstract:**

In this study, an optimization of supersonic air-to-air ejector is carried out by a recently developed single-objective genetic algorithm based on adaption of sequence of individuals. Adaptation of sequence is based on Shape-based distance of individuals and embedded micro-genetic algorithm. The optimal sequence found defines the succession of CFD-aimed objective calculation within each generation of regular micro-genetic algorithm. A spring-based deformation mutates the computational grid starting the initial individualvia adapted population in the optimized sequence. Selection of a generation initial individual is knowledge-based. A direct comparison of the newly defined and standard micro-genetic algorithm is carried out for supersonic air-to-air ejector. The only objective is to minimize the loose of total stagnation pressure in the ejector. The result is that sequence-adopted micro-genetic algorithm can provide comparative results to standard algorithm but in significantly lower number of overall CFD iteration steps.

**Keywords:**
Grid deformation,
Micro-genetic algorithm,
shapebased
sequence,
supersonic ejector.

##### 809 Sequence Relationships Similarity of Swine Influenza a (H1N1) Virus

**Authors:**
Patsaraporn Somboonsak,
Mud-Armeen Munlin

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Sequence DNA,
Relationship of swine,
Swineinfluenza,
Sequence Similarity

##### 808 The Economic Lot Scheduling Problem in Flow Lines with Sequence-Dependent Setups

**Authors:**
M. Heydari,
S. A. Torabi

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Economic lot scheduling problem,
finite horizon,
genetic algorithm,
mixed zero-one nonlinear programming,
sequence-dependent.

##### 807 Symbolic Model Checking of Interactions in Sequence Diagrams with Combined Fragments by SMV

**Authors:**
Yuka Kawakami,
Tomoyuki Yokogawa,
Hisashi Miyazaki,
Sousuke Amasaki,
Yoichiro Sato,
Michiyoshi Hayase

**Abstract:**

In this paper, we proposed a method for detecting consistency violation between state machine diagrams and a sequence diagram defined in UML 2.0 using SMV. We extended a method expressing these diagrams defined in UML 1.0 with boolean formulas so that it can express a sequence diagram with combined fragments introduced in UML 2.0. This extension made it possible to represent three types of combined fragment: alternative, option and parallel. As a result of experiment, we confirmed that the proposed method could detect consistency violation correctly with SMV.

**Keywords:**
UML,
model checking,
SMV,
sequence diagram.

##### 806 On the Central Limit Theorems for Forward and Backward Martingales

**Authors:**
Yilun Shang

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
central limit theorem,
martingale difference sequence,
backward martingale.

##### 805 Computer Aided Assembly Attributes Retrieval Methods for Automated Assembly Sequence Generation

**Authors:**
M. V. A. Raju Bahubalendruni,
Bibhuti Bhusan Biswal,
B. B. V. L. Deepak

**Abstract:**

Achieving an appropriate assembly sequence needs deep verification for its physical feasibility. For this purpose, industrial engineers use several assembly predicates; namely, liaison, geometric feasibility, stability and mechanical feasibility. However, testing an assembly sequence for these predicates requires huge assembly information. Extracting such assembly information from an assembled product is a time consuming and highly skillful task with complex reasoning methods. In this paper, computer aided methods are proposed to extract all the necessary assembly information from computer aided design (CAD) environment in order to perform the assembly sequence planning efficiently. These methods use preliminary capabilities of three-dimensional solid modelling and assembly modelling methods used in CAD software considering equilibrium laws of physical bodies.

**Keywords:**
Assembly automation,
assembly attributes,
assembly sequence generation,
computer aided design.

##### 804 Predicting Protein Function using Decision Tree

**Authors:**
Manpreet Singh,
Parminder Kaur Wadhwa,
Surinder Kaur

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Sequence Derived Features,
decision tree.

##### 803 M-ary Chaotic Sequence Based SLM-OFDM System for PAPR Reduction without Side-Information

**Authors:**
A.Goel,
M. Agrawal,
P. Gupta Poddar

**Abstract:**

Selected Mapping (SLM) is a PAPR reduction technique, which converts the OFDM signal into several independent signals by multiplication with the phase sequence set and transmits one of the signals with lowest PAPR. But it requires the index of the selected signal i.e. side information (SI) to be transmitted with each OFDM symbol. The PAPR reduction capability of the SLM scheme depends on the selection of phase sequence set. In this paper, we have proposed a new phase sequence set generation scheme based on M-ary chaotic sequence and a mapping scheme to map quaternary data to concentric circle constellation (CCC) is used. It is shown that this method does not require SI and provides better SER performance with good PAPR reduction capability as compared to existing SLMOFDM methods.

**Keywords:**
Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing
(OFDM),
Peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR),
Selected mapping
(SLM),
Side information (SI)

##### 802 On the Properties of Pseudo Noise Sequences with a Simple Proposal of Randomness Test

**Authors:**
Abhijit Mitra

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Maximal length sequence,
pseudo noise sequence,
punctured de Bruijn sequence,
auto-correlation,
Bernoulli sequence,
randomness tests.

##### 801 Power Efficient OFDM Signals with Reduced Symbol's Aperiodic Autocorrelation

**Authors:**
Ibrahim M. Hussain

**Abstract:**

Three new algorithms based on minimization of autocorrelation of transmitted symbols and the SLM approach which are computationally less demanding have been proposed. In the first algorithm, autocorrelation of complex data sequence is minimized to a value of 1 that results in reduction of PAPR. Second algorithm generates multiple random sequences from the sequence generated in the first algorithm with same value of autocorrelation i.e. 1. Out of these, the sequence with minimum PAPR is transmitted. Third algorithm is an extension of the second algorithm and requires minimum side information to be transmitted. Multiple sequences are generated by modifying a fixed number of complex numbers in an OFDM data sequence using only one factor. The multiple sequences represent the same data sequence and the one giving minimum PAPR is transmitted. Simulation results for a 256 subcarrier OFDM system show that significant reduction in PAPR is achieved using the proposed algorithms.

**Keywords:**
Aperiodic autocorrelation,
OFDM,
PAPR,
SLM,
wireless communication.

##### 800 UTMGO: A Tool for Searching a Group of Semantically Related Gene Ontology Terms and Application to Annotation of Anonymous Protein Sequence

**Authors:**
Razib M. Othman,
Safaai Deris,
Rosli M. Illias

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Anonymous protein sequence,
Gene Ontology,
Protein sequence annotation,
Protein sequence alignment

##### 799 Evaluation of the Zero Sequence Impedance of Overhead High Voltage Lines

**Authors:**
Rabah Diabi

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Overhead line,
power system,
zero sequence,
wire guard,
grounding.

##### 798 A Green Design for Assembly Model for Integrated Design Evaluation and Assembly and Disassembly Sequence Planning

**Authors:**
Yuan-Jye Tseng,
Fang-Yu Yu,
Feng-Yi Huang

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
green design,
assembly and disassembly sequence
planning,
green design for assembly,
particle swarm optimization.

##### 797 A PN Sequence Generator based on Residue Arithmetic for Multi-User DS-CDMA Applications

**Authors:**
Chithra R,
Pallab Maji,
Sarat Kumar Patra,
Girija Sankar Rath

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Direct-Sequence Code Division Multiple Access (DSCDMA),
Multiple-Access Interference (MAI),
PN Sequence,
Residue
Number System (RNS).

##### 796 Enhanced Imperialist Competitive Algorithm for the Cell Formation Problem Using Sequence Data

**Authors:**
S. H. Borghei,
E. Teymourian,
M. Mobin,
G. M. Komaki,
S. Sheikh

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Cell formation problem,
Group technology,
Imperialist competitive algorithm,
Sequence data.

##### 795 Application and Limitation of Parallel Modelingin Multidimensional Sequential Pattern

**Authors:**
Mahdi Esmaeili,
Mansour Tarafdar

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Sequential Patterns,
Data Mining,
ParallelAlgorithm,
Multidimensional Sequence Data

##### 794 Computational Analysis of the MembraneTargeting Domains of Plant-specific PRAF Proteins

**Authors:**
Ewa Wywial,
Shaneen M. Singh

**Abstract:**

The PRAF family of proteins is a plant specific family of proteins with distinct domain architecture and various unique sequence/structure traits. We have carried out an extensive search of the Arabidopsis genome using an automated pipeline and manual methods to verify previously known and identify unknown instances of PRAF proteins, characterize their sequence and build 3D structures of their individual domains. Integrating the sequence, structure and whatever little known experimental details for each of these proteins and their domains, we present a comprehensive characterization of the different domains in these proteins and their variant properties.

**Keywords:**
PRAF proteins,
homology modeling,
Arabidopsisthaliana