Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30172
Minimum Fluidization Velocities of Binary-Solid Mixtures: Model Comparison

Authors: Mohammad Asif

Abstract:

An accurate prediction of the minimum fluidization velocity is a crucial hydrodynamic aspect of the design of fluidized bed reactors. Common approaches for the prediction of the minimum fluidization velocities of binary-solid fluidized beds are first discussed here. The data of our own careful experimental investigation involving a binary-solid pair fluidized with water is presented. The effect of the relative composition of the two solid species comprising the fluidized bed on the bed void fraction at the incipient fluidization condition is reported and its influence on the minimum fluidization velocity is discussed. In this connection, the capability of packing models to predict the bed void fraction is also examined.

Keywords: Bed void fraction, Binary solid mixture, Minimumfluidization velocity, Packing models

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1086089

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2123

References:


[1] N. Epstein, "Applications of Liquid-Solid Fluidization," Int. J. of Chem. Reactor Eng., vol. 1, R1, 2003.
[2] K. Adham, "Classify particle using fluidized beds," Chem. Eng. Prog., vol. 9, pp. 55-57, 2001.
[3] X. Hu and J.M. Calo, "Plastic particle separation via liquid-fluidized bed classification," A.I.Ch.E. J., vol. 52, pp. 1333-1342, 2005.
[4] I. Narvaez, I., A. Orio, M.P. Aznar and J. Corella, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., vol. 35, pp. 2110-2120, 1996.
[5] A. Olivares, M.P. Aznar, M.A. Caballero, J. Gil, E. Frances and J. Corella, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., vol. 36, pp. 5220-5226, 1997.
[6] F. Berruti, A.G. Liden and D.S. Scott , Chem Eng. Sci., vol. 43, pp. 739- 748, 1988.
[7] A. Ajbar, K. Alhumaizi, A.A. Ibrahim and M. Asif, "Hydrodynamics of gas fluidized beds with mixture of group D and B particles," Can. J. Chem. Eng, vol. 80, pp. 281-288, 2002..
[8] A. Ajbar, K. Alhumaizi and M. Asif, "Improvement of the fluidizability of cohesive powders through mixing with small proportions of Group A particles," Can. J. Chem. Eng., vol. 83, pp. 930-943, 2005
[9] S. Ergun, Chem. Engng. Prog., vol. 48, pp. 88-94, 1952.
[10] B. Formisani, Powder Technol., vol. 66, pp. 259-264, 1991.
[11] Z. Li, N. Kobayashi, A. Nisjimura and M. Hasatani, Chem. Eng. Comm., vol. 192, pp. 918-932, 2005.
[12] T. Stovall, F. De Larrad and M. Buil, Powder Technol., vol. 48, pp. 1- 12, 1986.
[13] A.B. Yu and N. Standish, Powder Technol., vol. 55, pp. 171-186, 1988.
[14] A.B. Yu and N. Standish, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., vol. 30, pp. 1372-1385, 1991.
[15] A.B. Yu, R.P. Zou and N. Standish, "Modifying the linear packing model for predicting the porosity of non-spherical particle mixtures," Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., vol. 35, pp. 3730-3741, 1996.
[16] N. Ouchiyama and T. Tanaka, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., vol. 28, pp. 1530- 1536, 1989.
[17] A.E.R. Westman, "The packing of particles: Empirical equations for intermediate diameter ratios," J. Am. Ceram. Soc., vol. 19, pp. 127-129, 1936.
[18] A.B. Yu, N.Standish and A.McLean, "Porosity calculation of binary mixture of nonspherical particles," J. Am. Ceram. Soc., vol. 76, pp. 2813-2816, 1993.
[19] H.J. Finkers and A.C. Hoffmann, "Structural ratio for predicting the voidage of binary particle mixture," A.I.Ch.E..J., vol. 44, pp. 495-498, 1998.
[20] A.R. Otero and J. Corella, Anales de la RSEFQ, vol. 67, pp. 1207-1219, 1971.
[21] E. Obata, H. Watanbe and N. Endo, J. Chem. Eng. Japan, vol. 15, pp. 23-28, 1982.
[22] J. Rincon, J. Guardiola, A. Romerero and G. Ramos, J. Chem. Eng. Japan, vol. 27, pp. 177-181, 1994.
[23] M. Asif and A.A. Ibrahim, "Minimum fluidization velocity and defluidization behavior of binary-solid liquid-fluidized beds,". Powder Technol., vol. 126, pp. 241-254, 2002.
[24] L. Cheung, A.W. Nienow and Rowe, P.N., Chem. Eng. Sci., vol. 29, pp. 1301-1303, 1973.