Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31903
Effect of Strength Class of Concrete and Curing Conditions on Capillary Water Absorption of Self-Compacting and Conventional Concrete

Authors: Emine Ebru Demirci, Remzi Sahin


The purpose of this study is to compare Self Compacting Concrete (SCC) and Conventional Concrete (CC) in terms of their capillary water absorption. During the comparison of SCC and CC, the effects of two different factors were also investigated: concrete strength class and curing condition. In the study, both SCC and CC were produced in three different concrete classes (C25, C50 and C70) and the other parameter (i.e. curing condition) was determined as two levels: moisture and air curing. It was observed that, for both curing environments and all strength classes of concrete, SCCs had lower capillary water absorption values than that of CCs. It was also detected that, for both SCC and CC, capillary water absorption values of samples kept in moisture curing were significantly lower than that of samples stored in air curing. Additionally, it was determined that capillary water absorption values for both SCC and CC decrease with increasing strength class of concrete for both curing environments.

Keywords: Capillary water absorption, curing condition, reinforced concrete beam, self-compacting concrete.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2627


[1] C. Parra, M. Valcuende, and F. Gomez, “Splitting tensile strength and modulus of elasticity of self compacting concrete”, Construction and Buildin Materials, vol. 25 (1), pp. 201-207, January 2011.
[2] M. H. Özkul, “A revolution in concrte technology: Self compacting concrete”, Ready mixed concrete, pp. 64-71, 2002 (In Turkish).
[3] A.R. Sağlam and M. H. Özkul, “Effect of mixture parameters on rheological properties of self compacting concrete”, Istanbul Technical University Journal, 5 (1b), 2006.
[4] M. Sahmaran, Ö. Yaman, and M. Tokyay, 2007. “New generation high plasticizer admixture materials and self compacting concrete which contain high volume fly ash”, Ready mixed concrete journal, pp. 70-74, 2007.
[5] B. Felekoğlu, S. Türkel and B. Baradan,“Effect of using powder material in self compacting concrete on fresh and mechanical properties”, Ready mixed concrete, pp. 68-77, April 2004.
[6] A. G. Saran, “Effect of crushed granule blast furnace slag on durability properties of concrete“, MS Thesis, Istanbul Technical University, Department of civil Engineering, Đstanbul, 2007.
[7] B. Postacıoğlu, Concrete binding materials, aggregate, concrete, Volume 2, Đstanbul Technical University, Civil Engineering Faculty, Technical Books press, Đstanbul, 1987.
[8] W. Zhu and Peter J. M. Bartos, “Permeation properties of selfcompacting concrete”, Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 33(6), pp. 921–926, June 2003.
[9] S. Assie´, G. Escadeillas, and V. Waller, “Estimates of self-compacting concrete ‘potential’ durability”, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 21(10), pp. 1909–1917, October 2007.
[10] P. Dinakar, K. G. Babu, and M. Santhanam, “Durability properties of high volume fly ash self compacting concretes”, Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 30(10), pp. 880–886, November 2008.
[11] ASTM C 618, 2008, Standard Specifications for Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use as Mineral Admixture in Portland Cement Concrete. ASTM, Philadelphia.
[12] , 2010.
[13] TS 500, 2000: Requirements for design and construction of reinforced concrete structures. Turkish Standard Institution, Ankara, Turkey.
[14] TS EN 206-1, 2002: Concrete- Part 1: Specification, performance, production and conformity. Turkish Standard Institution, Ankara, Turkey.
[15] Đ. B. Topçu, Advanced concerete technology, Uğur Ofset, Eskisehir, 2006 (In Turkish).
[16] D. Bordeleau, M. Pigeon, and N. Banthia, “Comparative study of latexmodified concretes and normal concretes subjected to freezing and thawing in the presence of a deicer salt solution”, ACI Materials Journal, vol. 89 (6), pp. 547-553, January 1992.
[17] H. Kukko, Frost effects on the microstructure oh high strength concrete. Durability of High Performance Concrete, edited by H.Sommer, RILEM Pub., France, 1994, pp. 100-108.
[18] E. E. Demirci and R. Sahin, “Comparison of carbonation resistance and uniformity of SCC and CC core samples”, Magazine of Concrete Research, Vol. 66 (10), pp. 531-539, May 2014.
[19] O. B. Isgor and A. G. Razagpur,” Finite element modeling of coupled heat transfer, moisture transport and carbonation processes in concrete structures”, Cement & Concrete Composites, vol. 26(1), pp. 57–73, January 2004.
[20] TS EN 13057, 2004, “Concrete structures-products and system for protecting and repairing-Test methods-Determination of capillary absorption resistance”, TSI, Ankara.
[21] C. Tasdemir, “Combined effects of mineral admixtures and curing conditions on the sorptivity coefficient of concrete”, Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 33(10), pp. 1637-1642, October 2003.
[22] G. Ye, “Percolation of capillary pores in hardening cement pastes”, Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 35(1), pp. 167-176, January 2005.
[23] M. Uyan, “Capillarity in concrete and mortar”, PhD Thesis, Istanbul Technical University, Civil Engineering faculty, Đstanbul, 1975.
[24] H. Tepe, Effect of relative humidity on physical properties of hardened concrete, MS Thesis, Fırat University, Elazığ, 2006 (In Turkish).
[25] M. H.Özkul, Ü. A. Doğan, A. Đlki, Effect of permeability properties and mixture of concrete on corrosion of reinforcement. TÜBITAK MAG Project. Project Number: 104I022, 1-35, Đstanbul, Turkey, 2006.
[26] Y. Haberal, Investigation of rebar corrosion and chlorine ion permeability in concretes with fly ash, MS Thesis, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, 2010 (In Turkish).
[27] M. Valcuende, and C. Parra, “Natural carbonation of self-compacting concretes”, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 24(5), pp. 848– 853, May 2010.
[28] B. Baradan, H. Yazıcı and H. Ün, Durability in reinforced concrete construction. 1. Press, Dokuz Eylül University, Đzmir, Türkiye, 2002 (In Turkish).
[29] M. Yavuz, “Determination of chloride quantity in concrete with colour analysis method”, PhD Thesis, Atatürk University, Erzurum (In Turkish), 2003.
[30] Ü. A. Doğan, Effect of concrete composition parameters on permeability properties and embedded reinforcement corrosion, PhD Thesis, Đstanbul Teknik University, Đstanbul, 2008 (In Turkish).
[31] R. Kumar, and B. Bhattacharjee, “Study on some factors affecting the results in the use of MIP method in concrete research”, Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 33(3), pp. 417–424, March 2003.
[32] H. Figueiras, S. Nunes, J. S. Coutinho, and J. Figueiras, 2009. “Combined effect of two sustainable Technologies: Self-compacting concrete (SCC) and controlled permeability formwork (CPF)”, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 23(7), pp. 2518-2526, July 2009.
[33] R. Kumar, and B. Bhattacharjee, “Porosity, pore size distribution and in situ strength of concrete”, Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 33(1), pp. 155–164, January 2003.
[34] A. Leemann, B. Munch, P. Gasser, and L. Holzer, “Influence of compaction on the interfacial transition zone and the permeability of concrete”, Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 36(8), pp. 1425–1433, August 2006.
[35] A. Öztürk, Relation of accelerated shrinkage of concrete with internal structure, MS Thesis, Đstanbul Technical University, Đstanbul, 1996 (In Turkish).
[36] E. Kantar, Statistical research of ready mixed concrete which was produced in Đzmir and it’s region according to concrete strength class, MS Thesis, Sakarya University, Sakarya,1998 (In Turkish).
[37] M. Liu, “Self-compacting concrete with different levels of pulverized fuel ash”, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 24(7), pp. 1245– 1252, July 2010.
[38] C. Tasdemir, “Effect of mineral additives and cure conditions on capillary permeability of concrete”, Ready mixed concrete journal, pp. 42-50, 1999.
[39] F. Kocataskın, “Science of building material, properties and tests”, 5. Press, Birsen publisher, Đstanbul, 2000.
[40] S. Kolias, and C. Georgiou, “The effect of paste volume and of water content on the strength and water absorption of concrete”, Cement & Concrete Composites, vol. 27(2), pp. 211–216, February 2005.
[41] H. Yıldırım, H. Gülseren, M. Uyan, and M. K. Kemerli, “Effect of waterproofing admixtures types on permeability of concrete”, 5th national Concrete Congress, Đstanbul, Turkey, pp. 123-131, 2003.
[42] Md. Safiuddin, and N. Hearn, “Comparison of ASTM saturation techniques for measuring the permeable porosity of concrete”, Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 35(5), pp. 1008-1013, May 2005.
[43] R. Sahin, R. Demirboğa, H. Uysal and R. Gül, “ The effects of different cement dosages, slumps and pumice agregate ratios on the compressive strength and densities of concrete”, Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 33(8), pp. 1245-1249, August 2003.
[44] Y. Hamalı, Properties of mortar and concrete with silica fume and metakaolin, MS Thesis, Đstanbul Technical University, Đstanbul, 2007 (In Turkish).
[45] H. Yazıcı, “The effect of silica fume and high-volume class C fly ash on mechanical properties, chloride penetration and freze-thaw resistance of self compacting concrete”, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 22(4), pp. 456-462, April 2008.
[46] M. Sahmaran, Đ. Ö. Yaman, and M. Tokyay, “Transport and mechanical properties of self consolidating concrete with high volume fly ash”, Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 31(2), pp. 99-106, February 2009.
[47] M. Sahmaran, S. B. Keskin, G. Özerkan, and Đ. Ö. Yaman, “Self healing of mechanically-loaded self consolidating concreteswit high volumes of fly ash”, Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 30(10) , pp. 872-879, November 2008.
[48] T. Y. Erdoğan, Concrete, 1. Press, The Middle East Technical University Progress Foundation Printing and communication, Ankara, Turkey, 2003 (In Turkish).
[49] M. Gesoğlu, E. Guneyisi, E. Ozbay, “ Properties of self-compacting concretes made with binary, ternary, and quaternary cementitious blends of fly ash, blast furnace slag, and silica füme” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 23(5), pp. 1847–1854,May 2009.