Removal of Lead in High Rate Activated Sludge System
The heavy metals pollution in water, sediments and fish of Lake Manzala affected form the disposal of wastewater, industrial and agricultural drainage water into the lake on the environmental situation. A pilot plant with an industrial discharge flow of 135L/h designed according to the activated sludge plant to simulate between the biological and chemical treatment with the addition of alum to the aeration tank with dosages of 100, 150, 200 and 250 mg/L. The industrial discharge had concentrations of Lead and BOD5 with an average range 1.22, 145mg/L respectively. That means the average Pb was high up to 25 times than the allowed permissible concentration. The optimization of the chemical-biological process using 200mg/L Alum dosage compared has improvement of Lead and BOD5 removal efficiency to 61.76% and 56% respectively.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1092058Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2109
 C. G. Rocha, Zaia, D. A., et al., "Use of rice straw as biosorbent for removal of Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II) ions in industrial effluents". Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.166, No.1, pp.383-388, DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.11.074., (2009).
 I. Ghodbane L. Nouri, O. Hamdaoui, M. Chiha., "Batch sorption dynamics and equilibrium for the removal of cadmium ions from aqueous phase using wheat bran". Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 149, pp. 115-125. , DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.03.055, (2007).
 Allen P. D. David M. A., Paul M. G., "Removing Heavy Metals from Wastewater", Engineering Research Center Report, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, U.S.A. (1994).
 E. Pearce J. Camerata, et al., "ActivatedSludge". Professional Development Course, United States Library of Congress, Washington, DC., pp. 1-365, ISBN 978-0-9799928-5-8., (2011).
 T. S. Abdelmoneim Y. A. Hamed, M. H. ElKiki, M. A. Hassan, R. Berndtsson., "Assessment of Heavy Metals Pollution and Microbial Contamination in Water, Sediments and Fish of Lake Manzala, Egypt". Life Science Journal, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 89-99, ISSN: 1097-8135, ISSN: 1097-8135., (2013).
 S. JAMIL, "Removal of iron (II) using varios activated sludge". Chapter 1, pp. 2-13, Faculty of Chemical Engineering & Natural Resources, University Malaysia, Pahang, Malaysia., (2010).
 F. Ragsdale, "Wastewater System Operator’s Manual", in Ragsdale and Associates Training Specialists, Omaha Nebraska, NE. 2013.
 Lindberg C. Bengt C., "Some control strategies for the activated sludge process". Systems and Control Group, Uppsala University, Swedish. (1998).
 R. Kayser, "Activated Sludge Process", Environmental Biotechnology Concepts and Applications, Weinheim, Germany. (2005).
 Mamdouh Y. Saleh, "Optimization of Highly Loaded Biological Stage Treatment of Wastewater by Adding Flocculants". PhD in Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Suez Canal University, Port Said, Egypt. (1994).
 M. Hassan, "Industrial Wastewater Treatment Using the Two Biological Stage (AB-System)". PhD in Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Suez Canal University, Port Said, Egypt. (1999).
 American Public Health Association, "Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater". Water Environment Federation, (1999).
 The Egyptian Ministry of Health, "Controls, standards and specifications, regardless of liquid wastes into waterways". Law No.48, Cairo, Egypt. (1982).