Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30174
Application of GIS and Statistical Multivariate Techniques for Estimation of Soil Erosion and Sediment Yield

Authors: Masoud Nasri, Ali Gholami, Ali Najafi

Abstract:

In recent years, most of the regions in the world are exposed to degradation and erosion caused by increasing population and over use of land resources. The understanding of the most important factors on soil erosion and sediment yield are the main keys for decision making and planning. In this study, the sediment yield and soil erosion were estimated and the priority of different soil erosion factors used in the MPSIAC method of soil erosion estimation is evaluated in AliAbad watershed in southwest of Isfahan Province, Iran. Different information layers of the parameters were created using a GIS technique. Then, a multivariate procedure was applied to estimate sediment yield and to find the most important factors of soil erosion in the model. The results showed that land use, geology, land and soil cover are the most important factors describing the soil erosion estimated by MPSIAC model.

Keywords: land degradation, Soil erosion, Sediment yield, Aliabad, GIS technique, Land use.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1073419

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1301

References:


[1] Feiznia, S., Mokhtari, A. and Ahmadi, H., (2002) Application of remote sensing in providing land use and ground cover information layers in MPSIAC erosion model, Pajuhesh -va- Sazandegi journal(Iranian).
[2] Foster R. H., Maureen V., Warren P., Barten, K. (1995) Comparative evaluation of land cover data sources for erosion prediction. Water Resources Bulletin, Vol 31,no. 6,991-999.
[3] Gabson, Gd. , (1992), Applied multivariate data analysis, Volume 2 : categorical and multivariate methods, Springer - Verlag, 731p.
[4] Gholami, A., (2005), Application of remote information layers in MPSIAC erosion model (AliAbad watershed in the southwest of Isfahan Province, Iran), Msc thesis, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Campus, Tehran, Iran.
[5] Johnson. C.W. Gebhardt. K.A. (1992) Predicting sediment yields from saga brush rangeland for proceedings of the workshop on estimating erosion and sediment yield on rangelands. Tucson Aritong, March 1982.V.5.Department of agriculture ARM-W-26.p:145-156.
[6] Logan T.J., Urban D.R., Adams J.R., and Yaksichs, (1982) Erosion control potential with conservation tillage in the Lake Erie basin: estimates using the universal soil loss equation and the land resource information system (LRIS). Reprinted with permission of Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 37: 50-55.
[7] Zachar, D., (1982). Soil erosion, development in soil science, Elsevier scientific publishing company. C. Zechelarakia. Pp: 547.