Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30850
Optimal Water Allocation: Sustainable Management of Dam Reservoir

Authors: Shatirah Akib, Sadia Rahman, Afshin Jahangirzadeh, Babak Kamali


Scarcity of water resources and huge costs of establishing new hydraulic installations necessitate optimal exploitation from existing reservoirs. Sustainable management and efficient exploitation from existing finite water resources are important factors in water resource management, particularly in the periods of water insufficiency and in dry regions, and on account of competitive allocations in the view of exploitation management. This study aims to minimize reservoir water release from a determined rate of demand. A numerical model for water optimal exploitation has been developed using GAMS introduced by the World Bank and applied to the case of Meijaran dam, northern Iran. The results indicate that this model can optimize the function of reservoir exploitation while required water for lower parts of the region will be supplied. Further, allocating optimal water from reservoir, the optimal rate of water allocated to any group of the users were specified to increase benefits in curve dam exploitation.

Keywords: water resource management, Water Reservoirs, GAMS, water allocation, Meijaran dam

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2215


[1] A. B. Dariane and T. C. Hughes, "Application of crop yield functions in reservoir operation", Water Resources Bulletin, 27(4), 649 - 656, 1991.
[2] A. Brooke. D. Kendrik, and A. Meeraus, "GAMS: A Users Guide, The World Bank, The Scientific Press, 1998.
[3] A. Maas, M. M. Hufschmidt, R. Dorfam, H. A. Thomas, S. A. Marglin, and G. M. Fair. "Design of water resource systems". Boston, MA: Harvard University Press. 1962.
[4] C. Cervellera, V. C. P. Chen, A. Wen. "Optimization of a large scale water reservoir network by stochastic dynamic programming with efficient state space discretization". European Journal of Operational Research, 171(3), 1139-1151, 2006.
[5] C. Revelle, E. Joeres, W. Kirby, "The Linear Decision Rule in Reservoir Management and Design: 1, Development of the Stochastic Model", Water Resources Research, Vol. 5, No.4, 767-777, 1969.
[6] D. P. Loucks, J. R. Stedinger, and D. A. Haith, "Water Resource Systems planning and Analysis", prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1981.
[7] Guideline for studies of exploitation from Dams Reservoirs, State Organization of Management and Planning, Deputy of Protection Affairs, Center of Scientific Documents, No.272, 2004.
[8] L. P. Rosa, M. A. Santos, B. Matvienko, E. O. Santos, and E. Sikar "Greenhouse gas emissions from hydroelectric reservoirs in tropical regions". Climatic Change, 66, 9-21, 2004.
[9] R. Soncini-Sessa, A. Castelletti, and E. Weber "Integrated and participatory water resources management". Amsterdam: Elsevier. 2007.
[10] S. Vedula, and D. Nagesh Kumar, "An integrated model for optimal reservoir operation for irrigation of multiple crops". Water Resources Research, American Geophysical Union, Vol. 32, No. 4, pp. 1101-1108. 1996.
[11] W. Yeh, "Reservoir Management and Operation models: a state-of-theart review", Water Resources Research, Vol. 21, No.12, 1985.