Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30318
Preliminary Assessment of Feasibility of a Wind Energy Conversion System for a Martian Probe or Surface Rover

Authors: M. Raciti Castelli, E. Benini, M. Cescon

Abstract:

Nuclear energy sources have been widely used in the past decades in order to power spacecraft subsystems. Nevertheless, their use has attracted controversy because of the risk of harmful material released into the atmosphere if an accident were to occur during the launch phase of the mission, leading to the general adoption of photovoltaic systems. As compared to solar cells, wind turbines have a great advantage on Mars, as they can continuously produce power both during dust storms and at night-time: this paper focuses on the potential of a wind energy conversion system (WECS) considering the atmospheric conditions on Mars. Wind potential on Martian surface has been estimated, as well as the average energy requirements of a Martian probe or surface rover. Finally, the expected daily energy output of the WECS has been computed on the basis of both the swept area of the rotor and the equivalent wind speed at the landing site.

Keywords: Mars, Wind turbine, probe, Wind potential, surface rover

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1062998

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1206

References:


[1] http://marsrovers.nasa.gov/gallery/press/spirit/20040123a.html
[2] V. Kumar, M. Paraschivoiu and I. Paraschivoiu, "Low Reynolds number vertical axis wind turbine for Mars", Journal of Wind Engineering, volume 34 number 4, pp. 461 - 476, June 2010.
[3] G. James, G. Chamitoff and D. Barker, "Design and resource requirements for successful wind energy production on Mars", The Mars Society, 1999.
[4] http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/
[5] http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/MPF/
[6] S. Michaud, A. Schneider, R. Bertrand, P. Lamon, R. Siegwart, M. Van Winnendael and A. Schiele, "Solero: Solar-powered Exploration Rover", 7th ESA Workshop on Advanced Space Technologies for Robotics and Automation "ASTRA 2002", ESTC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, November 19-21, 2002.
[7] G. A. Landis, T. W. Kerslake, P. P. Jenkins and D. A. Scheiman, "Mars Solar Power", NASA/TM-2004-213367, AIAA-2004-5555, November 2004.
[8] G. Landis and P. Jenkins, "Measurement of the settling rate of atmospheric dust on Mars by the MAE instrument on Mars Pathfinder", J. Geophysical Research, Vol. 105, No. E1, pp. 1855-1857, January 25, 2000.
[9] R. E. Arvidson, R. C. Anderson, P. Bartlett, J. F. Bell III, D. Blaney, P. R. Christensen, P. Chu, L. Crumpler, K. Davis, B. L. Ehlmann, R. Fergason, M. P. Golombek, S. Gorevan, J. A. Grant, R. Greeley, E. A. Guinness, A. F. C. Haldemann, K. Herkenhoff, J. Johnson, G. Landis, R. Li, R. Lindemann, H. Mc Sween, D. W. Ming, T. Myrick, L. Richter, F. P. Seelos IV, S. W. Squyres, R. J. Sullivan, A. Wang and J. Wilson, "Initial Localization and Physical Properties Experiments Conducted with the Mars Exploration Rover Mission at Gusev Crater", Science, Vol. 305, No. 5685, 793, August 6, 2004.
[10] http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sojourner-spirit.jpg
[11] N. Atkinson, "The Mars Landing Approach: Getting Large Payloads to the Surface of the Red Planet", Universe Today, July 17, 2008.
[12] Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator, January 2008, http://www.ne.doe.gov/pdfFiles/MMRTG_Jan2008.pdf
[13] T. Watson, "Troubles parallel ambitions in NASA Mars project", USA Today, May 27, 2009.
[14] A. K. Misra, Overview of NASA Program on Development of Radioisotope Power Systems with High Specific Power, NASA/JPL, May 12, 2009.
[15] http://www.softpedia.com/
[16] J. T. Schofield, J. R. Barnes, D. Crisp, R. M. Haberle, S. Larsen, J. A. Magalhães, J. R. Murphy, A. Seiff and G. Wilson, "The Mars Pathfinder Atmospheric Structure Investigation/Meteorology (ASI/MET) Experiment", Journal of Science, Vol. 278 no. 5344 pp. 1752-1758, December 5, 1997.
[17] P. W. Tracadas, M. Zuber, D. E. Smith and F. G. Lemoine, "Density structure of the upper thermosphere of Mars from measurements of air drag on the Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft", Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 106, no. 10, pp. 23349 - 23357, October 25, 2001.
[18] J. Jerolmack, D. Mohrig, J. P. Grotzinger, D. A. Fike and W. W. Watters, "Spatial grain size sorting in eolian ripples and estimation of wind conditions on planetary surfaces: Application to Meridiani Planum, Mars", J. Geophys. Res., 111, E12S02, doi:10.1029/2005JE002544.
[19] http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/k-12/airplane/atmosmrm.html
[20] http://www.nasa.gov
[21] R. Greeley, J. D. Iversen, J. B. Pollack, N. Udovich and B. White, "Wind tunnel studies of Martian aeolian processes", Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 1974.