Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32131
Removal of Copper and Zinc Ions onto Biomodified Palm Shell Activated Carbon

Authors: Gulnaziya Issabayeva, Mohamed Kheireddine Aroua


commercially produced in Malaysia granular palm shell activated carbon (PSAC) was biomodified with bacterial biomass (Bacillus subtilis) to produce a hybrid biosorbent of higher efficiency. The obtained biosorbent was evaluated in terms of adsorption capacity to remove copper and zinc metal ions from aqueous solutions. The adsorption capacity was evaluated in batch adsorption experiments where concentrations of metal ions varied from 20 to 350 mg/L. A range of pH from 3 to 6 of aqueous solutions containing metal ions was tested. Langmuir adsorption model was used to interpret the experimental data. Comparison of the adsorption data of the biomodified and original palm shell activated carbon showed higher uptake of metal ions by the hybrid biosorbent. A trend in metal ions uptake increase with the increase in the solution-s pH was observed. The surface characterization data indicated a decrease in the total surface area for the hybrid biosorbent; however the uptake of copper and zinc by it was at least equal to the original PSAC at pH 4 and 5. The highest capacity of the hybrid biosorbent was observed at pH 5 and comprised 22 mg/g and 19 mg/g for copper and zinc, respectively. The adsorption capacity at the lowest pH of 3 was significantly low. The experimental results facilitated identification of potential factors influencing the adsorption of copper and zinc onto biomodified and original palm shell activated carbon.

Keywords: Adsorption, biomodification, copper, zinc, palm shell carbon.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1736


[1] T. Walsh, H. T. Sandstead, A. S. Prasad, P. M. Newberne, P. J. Fraker "Zinc: health effects and research priorities for the 1990s", Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 102, 1994, pp. 5-46.
[2] C. Quintelas, B. Fonseca, B. Silva, H. Figueiredo, T. Tavares, "Treatment of chromium(VI) solutions in a pilot-scale bioreactor through a biofilm of Arthrobacter viscosus supported on GAC". Bioresourse. Technology,100, 2009, pp. 220-226.
[3] E. Fosso-Kankeu, A.F. Mulaba-Bafubiandi, B. B. Mamba, L. Marjanovic, T. G. Barnard, "A comprehensive study of physical and physiological parameters that affect bio-sorption of metal pollutants from aqueous solutions". Physics and Chemistry of the Earth vol. 35, 2010, pp. 672-678.
[4] M. Goyal, M. Bhagat, R. Dhawan, "Removal of mercury from water by fixed bed activated carbon coumns", J Hazardous Materials 171, 2009, pp. 1009-1015.
[5] B. Mishra, M. Boyanov, B. A. Bunker, S. D. Kelly, K. M. Kemner, J. B. Fein, "High- and low-affinity binding sites for Cd on the bacterial walls of Bacillus subtilis and Shewanella oneidensis", Geochimia et Cosmochimia Acta 74, 2010, pp. 4219-4233.
[6] D. Das, N, Das, L. Mathew, "Kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies on biosorption of Ag(I) from aquoues solution by microfungus Pleurous platypus", J Hazardous Materials 184, 2010, pp. 765-774.
[7] J. Rivera-Utrilla, I. Bautista-Toledo, M. A. Ferro-Garcia, C. Moreno- Castilla, "Activated carbon surface modifications by adsorption of bacteria and their effect on aqueous lead adsorption". J. Chemical Technology and Biotechnology 76, 2001, pp. 1209-1215.
[8] M. Khormaei, B. Nasernejad, N. Edrisi, T. Eslamzadeh, "Copper biosorption from aqueous solutions by sour orange residue". J. Hazardous Materials 149, 2007, pp. 269-274.
[9] S. O. Lesmana, N. Febriana, F. E. Soetaredjo, J. Sunarso, S. Ismadji, "Studies on potential applications of biomass for the separation of heavy metals from water and wastewater". Biochemical. Engineering. J. 44, 2009, pp. 19-41.
[10] K. Wilson, H. Yang, C. W. Seo, W. E. Marshall, "Select metal adsorption by activated carbon made from peanut shells". Bioresourse. Technology 97/18, 2006, pp. 2266-2270.
[11] Y. Khambhaty, K. Mody, S. Basha, B. Jha, "Kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamic study on biosorption of hexavalent chromium by dead fungal biomass of marine Aspergillus niger". Chemical Engineering. J. 145, 2009, pp. 489-495.