Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30848
Dynamic Modeling of Intelligent Air-Cushion Tracked Vehicle for Swamp Peat

Authors: Ataur Rahman, Altab Hossain, A. K. M. Mohiuddin, Yulfian Aminanda


Modeling of the dynamic behavior and motion are renewed interest in the improved tractive performance of an intelligent air-cushion tracked vehicle (IACTV). This paper presents a new dynamical model for the forces on the developed small scale intelligent air-cushion tracked vehicle moving over swamp peat. The air cushion system partially supports the 25 % of vehicle total weight in order to make the vehicle ground contact pressure 7 kN/m2. As the air-cushion support system can adjust automatically on the terrain, so the vehicle can move over the terrain without any risks. The springdamper system is used with the vehicle body to control the aircushion support system on any undulating terrain by making the system sinusoidal form. Experiments have been carried out to investigate the relationships among tractive efficiency, slippage, traction coefficient, load distribution ratio, tractive effort, motion resistance and power consumption in given terrain conditions. Experiment and simulation results show that air-cushion system improves the vehicle performance by keeping traction coefficient of 71% and tractive efficiency of 62% and the developed model can meet the demand of transport efficiency with the optimal power consumption.

Keywords: Power Consumption, slippage, Air-cushion system, ground contact pressure

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1622


[1] J. Y. Wong, Theory of Ground Vehicles, 4th Ed., New York, John Willey & Sons, Inc., 2008.
[2] M. G. Bekker, Introduction to Terrain-Vehicle Systems, The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI., 1969.
[3] I. C. MacFarlane, Muskeg Engineering Handbook, University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
[4] R. Ataur, Y. Azmi, M. Zohadie, D. Ahmad, W. Ishak, Design and development of a segmented rubber tracked vehicle for Sepang peat terrain in Malaysia, Int. J. Heavy Vehicle Systems, 12 (3) (2005) 239- 267.
[5] A. Bodin, Development of a tracked vehicle to study the influence of vehicle parameters on tractive performance in soft terrain, Journal of Terramechanics, 36 (1999) 167-181.
[6] H.S. Ooi, Design and development of peat prototype track type tractor. MARDI, Report No. 184, 1996.
[7] A. Rahman, A.K.M Mohiuddin, H. Altab, Noraini, Irwan, Mobility of the Lpg-30 Wheeled Vehicle on Peat Terrain in Malaysia, 7th International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, ICME 2007, 28-30 December, 2007, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[8] L. Zhe, Y. Fan, C.C. Bing, Design of a novel semi-tracked air-cushion vehicle for soft terrain, In. J. of Vehicle, Design, 31 (1) (2003) 112-123.
[9] R. Ataur, A. K. M. Mohiuddin, A.I. Faris, Y. Azmi, A. Hossain, Development of hybrid electrical air-cushion tracked vehicle for swamp peat, Journal of Terramechanics, 47 (2010) 45-54.
[10] R. Ataur, Y. Azmi, M. Zohadie, D. Ahmad, W. Ishak, Mechanical properties in relation to mobility of Sepang peat terrain in Malaysia, Journal of Terramechanics, 41 (1) (2004) 25-40.
[11] B. J. Jamaluddin, Sarawak: Peat agricultural use. Malaysian Agriculture Research and Development Institute (MARDI), pp. 1-12, 2002.
[12] H.Singh, H.M. Bahia, B.B.K. Huat, Varying perspective on peat, it-s occurrence in Sarawak and some geotechnical properties, Proceedings of Conference on Recent Adavances in Soft Soil Engineering and Technology, Malaysia, 2-4 July, 2003.
[13] A. Rahman, A.K.M. Mohiuddin, A. Hossain, A. F. Ismail, A. Yahya, Integrated mechanics of hybrid electrical air-cushion tracked vehicle for swamp peat, Int. J. Heavy Vehicle Systems, x (x) (2009) xxx-xxx, Inderscience (In Press).
[14] A. Hossain, R. Ataur, A.K.M. Mohiuddin, A.K.M.P. Iqbal, and M. Arifin, Modeling of the Developed Flexible Skirt Air-Cushion Track Vehicle Model, 4th BSME-ASME International Conference on Thermal Engineering, 27-29 December, 2008, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[15] R. Ataur, A.K.M. Mohiuudin, and A. Hossain, Effectiveness of the Developed Instrumentation System on the Vehicle Tractive Performance Measurement, International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering (IJMME), 2 (2) (2007) 118-124.
[16] L. Zhe, Y. Fan, Load distribution control system design for a semi-track air-cushion vehicle, Journal of Terramechanics, 44 (4) (2007) 319-325.
[17] J.Y. Wong, Performance of the air-cushion-surface-contacting hybrid vehicle for overland operation, Proceedings of the IMech E, 186 (50/72) (1972) 613-624.
[18] A. Hossain, R. Ataur, A.K.M. Mohiuddin, and Y. Aminanda, Modeling and Simulation on Load Distribution of Air-Cushion Track Vehicle, 6th International Conference and 13th Annual Paper Meet of Mechanical Engineering Division, The Institution of Engineers, Bangladesh (IEB), 30-31 December, 2009, Bangladesh.
[19] Hossan Altab, R. Ataur, A.K.M. Mohiuddin, and Y. Aminanda, Power Consumption Prediction for an Intelligent Air-Cushion Track Vehicle: Fuzzy Logic Technique, Journal of Energy and Power Engineering (JEPE), x (x) (2010) xxx-xxx (In Press).
[20] A. Hossain, R. Ataur, and A.K.M Mohiuddin, Intelligent Air-Cushion System of Swamp Peat Vehicle Control: Fuzzy Logic Technique, 8th International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, ICME 2009, 26-28 December, 2009, Bangladesh.