Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32128
Hydrogen Generation by Accelerating Aluminum Corrosion in Water with Alumina

Authors: J. Skrovan, A. Alfantazi, T. Troczynski


For relatively small particles of aluminum (<60 μm), a measurable percentage of the aluminum (>5%) is observed to corrode before passivation occurs at moderate temperatures (>50oC) in de-ionized water within one hour. Physical contact with alumina powder results in a significant increase in both the rate of corrosion and the extent of corrosion before passivation. Whereas the resulting release of hydrogen gas could be of commercial interest for portable hydrogen supply systems, the fundamental aspects of Al corrosion acceleration in presence of dispersed alumina particles are equally important. This paper investigates the effects of various amounts of alumina on the corrosion rate of aluminum powders in water and the effect of multiple additions of aluminum into a single reactor.

Keywords: Alumina, Aluminum, Corrosion, Hydrogen

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2841


[1] J. Larminie, J. Lowry, Electric Vehicle Technology Explained. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, (2003).
[2] J. M. Ogden, Prospects for building a hydrogen energy infrastructure, Annu. Rev. Energy Environ 24 (1999) 227-279.
[3] J. Graetz, New approaches to hydrogen storage, Chemical Society Reviews, 38(1) (2009) 73-82.
[4] A. Zuttel, Materials for hydrogen storage, Materials Today, Sept. (2003) 24-33.
[5] C. Vargel, Corrosion of aluminium, Elsevier, (2004).
[6] A. V. Parmuzina O. V. Kravchenko, Activation of aluminum metal to evolve hydrogen from water, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 33 (2008) 3073- 3076.
[7] R.S. Alwitt, The aluminium - water system, In: Dekker M (ed), Oxides and Oxide Films, Diggle J W, New York (1976) pp. 171-254
[8] T. Hiraki, M. Takeuchi, M. Hisa, Hydrogen production from waste aluminum at different temperatures with LCA, Mater Trans., 46 5 (2005) 1052-1057.
[9] H. Z. Wang, et al, A review on hydrogen production using aluminum and aluminum alloys, Renew Sustain Energy Rev. 10, (2008) 1016.
[10] D. Belitskus, Reaction of Aluminum with Sodium Hydroxide Solution as a Source of Hydrogen, J. Electrochem Soc., 117 (8), (1970) 1097-1099.
[11] E. R. Andersen, E. J. Andersen, Method for Producing Hydrogen, WO patent WO 2004/052775 A1 (2004).
[12] Z. Y. Deng, J. M. Ferreira, Y. Sakka, Hydrogen-Generation Materials for Portable Applications, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 91 12 (2008) 3825-3834.
[13] M. Q. Fan et al, Hydrolysis of ball milling Al-Bi-hydride and Al-Bi-salt mixture for hydrogen generation, J. Alloys and Compounds, 460 (2008) 125-129.
[14] A. C. D. Chaklader, Hydrogen generation from water split reaction, US patent 6,440,385 B1 (2002).
[15] E. Czech, T. Troczynski, Hydrogen generation through massive corrosion of deformed aluminum in water, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35 3 (2010) 1029-1037.
[16] J. Skrovan, A. Alfantazi, T. Troczynski, Enhancing aluminum corrosion in water, J. Applied Electrochemistry, 39 10 (2009) 1695-1702.
[17] B. C. Bunker, G. C. Nelson, K. R. Zavadil, et al., Hydration of passive oxide films on aluminum, J. Phys. Chem., 106 (2002) 4705-4713.
[18] J. Skrovan, A. Alfantazi, T. Troczynski, The Role of Alumina in Aluminum Corrosion and Passivation, ECS Transactions, 28 (24) 157- 169 (2010).