Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30843
Effect of Periodically Use of Garlic (Allium sativum) Powder on Performance and Carcass Characteristics in Broiler Chickens

Authors: M. Raeesi, S. A. Hoseini- Aliabad, A. Roofchaee, A. Zare Shahneh, S. Pirali


A feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effect of periodically use of garlic on performance and carcass characteristics in broiler chickens. 240 1-day-old Ross broiler chicks randomly allocated into the 10 dietary treatments (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I and J) for 6 wk. Treatment A or control group, received basal diet (based on standards of Ross management guidelines) without supplementation of garlic powder while B, C and D dietary treatments were basal diet supplemented with 0.5, 1 and 3% garlic powder, respectively for the whole time of experiment (6 weeks). Birds in group E, F and G were fed control diet supplemented with 0.5, 1 and 3% garlic powder, respectively just in their starter diet (0- 21d). Birds in three other treatments (H, I and J) received control diet for the first 21 days and 0.5, 1 and 3% of garlic powder was added to their finisher diets, respectively. 1 and 3% supplemented groups in finisher period had better performance as compared with other groups. Since present study conducted in optimum and antiseptic conditions, it seems that better or more responses could be expected in performance if the raising conditions would not be healthy.

Keywords: garlic powder, broiler chickens, carcass characteristics, periodically use

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2863


[1] Amagase, H., Petesch, B.L., Matsuura, H., Kasuga, S., Itakura, Y., 2001. Intake of garlic and its bioactive components. J. Nutr. 131 (S3), 955S- 962S.
[2] Amooz Mehr, A., Dastar, B., 2009. Effects of alcoholic extract of two herbs (garlic and thymus) on the performance and blood lipids of broiler chickens. J. Agric. Sci. Natur. Resour., Vol. 16(1)
[3] Alcicek, A., M. Bozkurt and M. Cabuk, 2003. The effect of an essential oil combination derived from selected herbs growing wild in Turkey on broiler performance. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci., 33: 89-92.
[4] AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemists), 1990. In: Helrich, K. (Ed.), Official Methods of Analysis of the AOAC, 15th ed. AOAC, Arlington, VA, USA.
[5] Bordia, A., Bansol, H.C., Arora, S.K., and Singal, S.V. 1975. Effect of the essential oils of garlic and onion on dementary hyperlipemia. Atherosterosis, 2:15-18
[6] Barragry, T.B., Powers, T., 1994. Veterinary Drug Therapy. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
[7] Botsoglou, N. A., P. Florou-Paneri, E. Christaki, D. J. Fletouris, and A. B. Spais. 2002. Effect of dietary oregano essential oil on performance of chickens and on iron-induced lipid oxidation of breast, thigh and abdominal fat tissues. Br. Poult. Sci. 43:223-230
[8] CAFA (Commission on Antimicrobial Feed Additives), 1997. Antimicrobial feed additives. Swedish Official Government Reports 1997:132. Ministry of Agriculture, Stockholm, Sweden.
[9] Chowdhury, S.R.ÔÇÜ Chowdhury, S. D., Smith,T.K., 2002. Effects of Dietary Garlic on Cholesterol Metabolism in Laying Hens. Poultry Science 81:1856-1862
[10] Church, D.C., Pond, W.G., 1988. Basic Animal Nutrition and Feeding, 3rd ed. Wiley, New York, NY, USA. S. Chen, B. Mulgrew, and P. M. Grant, "A clustering technique for digital communications channel equalization using radial basis function networks," IEEE Trans. Neural Networks, vol. 4, pp. 570-578, July 1993.
[11] Demir, E., Sarica, S., Ozcan, M.A., and Suicmez, M. 2003. The use of natural feed additives as alternatives for an antibiotic growth promoter in broiler diets. Br. J. Poultry Sci. 44:S44 S45.
[12] Dieumou, F. E., Dieumou, A., Teguia, Kuiate, J. R., Tamokou, J. D., Fonge, N. B., and Dongmo, M. C, 2009. Effects of ginger (Zingiber officinale) and garlic (Allium sativum) essential oils on growth performance and gut microbial population of broiler chickens. Livestock Research for Rural Development 21 (8).
[13] Freitas, R., Fonseca, J.B., Soares, R.T.R.N., Rostagno, H.S., Soares, P.R. 2001. Utilization of garlic (Allium Sativum L.) as growth promoter of broilers. Rev. Bras. Zootec 30, 761-765.
[14] Horton, G. M. J., Fennell, M. J., Prasad, B.M., 1991. Effects of dietary garlic (Allium sativum) on performance, carcass composition and blood chemistry changes in broiler chickens. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 71, 939-942.
[15] Jamroz, D., Wiliczkiewicz, A., Wertelecki, T., Orda, J., Skorupińska, J., 2005. Use of active substances of plant in the chickens diets based on maize and domestical grains. Brit Poult. Sci., (in print)
[16] Kim, Y. J., Chen, I. H., Cho, J. H. , Yoo, J. S., Wang, Q., Wang, Y., Huang, Y., 2007. Evaluation of dietary l-carnitine or garlic powder on growth performance, dry matter and nitrogen digestibilities, blood profiles and meat quality in finishing pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology141, 141-152
[17] Knarreborg, A., Simon, M.A., Engberg, R.M., Jenson, B.B., and Tannoek, G.W. 2002. Effects of dietary fat source and subtherapeatic levels of antibiotics on the bacterial community in the ileum of broiler broiler chickens at various ages. Applied and Env. Microb. 68:5918- 5924.
[18] Konjufca, V.H., Pesti, G.M., Bakalli, R.I., 1997. Modulation of cholesterol levels in broiler meat by dietary garlic and copper. Poult. Sci. 76, 1264-1271.
[19] Lee, K. W., H. Everts, H. J. Kappert, H. Wouterse, M. Frehner and A. C. Beynen, 2004. Cinnamanaldehyde, but not thymol, counteracts the carboxymethyl cellulose-induced growth depression in female broiler chickens. Intern. J. Poult. Sci., 3: 608- 612.
[20] Lewis, M.R., Rose, S.P., Mackenzie, A.M., Tucker, L.A., 2003. Effects of dietary inclusion of plant extracts on the growth performance of male broiler chickens. Brit. Poult. Sci. 44 (Suppl. 1), S43-S44.
[21] Mohan, B., R. Kadirvel, A. Natarajan and M. Bhaskaran, 1996. Effect of probiotics supplementation on growth, nitrogen utilization and serum cholesterol in broilers. Br. Poult. Sci., 37: 395-401.
[22] NRC, 1994. Nutrient requirements of domestic animals. Nutrient requirements of poultry. 157P. 9th rev.ed. National Research Concil, National Academy Press. Washington, DC.
[23] Patterson, T.A., and Barkholder, K.M. 2003. Application of prebiotics and probiotics in poultry production, J. Poultry Sci. 82: 627-637.
[24] Qureshi, A.A., Din, Z.Z., Abuirmeileh, N., Burger, W.C., Ahmad, Y., Elson, C.E., 1983. Suppression of avian hepatic lipid metabolism by solvent extracts of garlic: impact on serum lipids. J. Nutr. 113, 1746- 1755.
[25] Rivlin, R.S., 2001. Historical perspective on the use of garlic. J. Nutr. 131 (3S), 951S-954S.
[26] Sarica, S., A. Ciftci, E. Demir, K. Kilinc, and Y. Yildirim. 2005. Use of an antibiotic growth promoter and two herbal natural feed additives with and without exogenous enzymes in wheat based broiler diets. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci. 35:61-72.
[27] Thakar, N.M., Chairmam, D.M., McElroy, A.R., Novak, C.L., Link, R.L. 2004. Pharmacological screening of some medicinal plants as antimicrobial and feed additives. Msc Thesis. Department of Animal Science. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virgina USA. 73P.
[28] Yalc─▒n, Sakine., Onbasilar, E. Ebru., Reisli1, Zehra. and Yalc─▒n, Suzan., 2006. Effect of garlic powder on the performance, egg traits and blood parameters of laying hens. J Sci Food Agric 86, 1336-1339.