Studies on Seasonal Variations of Physico- Chemical Parameters of Fish Farm at Govt. Nursery Unit, Muzaffargarh, Punjab, Pakistan
The present study was designed to demonstrate the seasonal variations in physico-chemical parameters of fish farm at Govt. Nursery Unit, Muzaffargarh, Department of Fisheries Govt. of Punjab, Pakistan for a period of eight months from January to August 2008. Water samples were collected on fifteen days basis and have been analyzed for estimation of Air temperature, Water temperature, Light penetration, pH, Total dissolved oxygen, Clouds, Carbonates, Bicarbonates, Total carbonates, Total dissolved solids, Chlorides, Calcium and Hardness. Seasonal fluctuations were observed in all the physico-chemical parameters of fish farm. The overall physicochemical parameters of fish pond water remained within the tolerable range throughout the study period.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1058607Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1817
 A.E. Unanam and A.W. Akpan, "Analysis of physicochemical characteristics of some freshwater bodies in Essien Udim Local Government area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria", In: Proceeding of the 21st Annual Conference of the Fisheries Society of Nigeria (FI50N) Calabar, 13th -17th November, 2006.
 E.O. Lawson, "Physico-Chemical Parameters and Heavy Metal Contents of Water from the Mangrove Swamps of Lagos Lagoon, Lagos, Nigeria," Adv. Biol. Res., vol. 5, 2011, pp. 08-21.
 O. E. Sala, F. S. Chapin III, J. J. Armesto, E., Berlow, J. Bloomfield, R. Dirzo, E. Huber-Sanwald, L. F. Huenneke, R. B. Jackson, A. Kinzig, R. Leemans, D. M. Lodge, H. A. Mooney, M. Oesterheld, N. LeRoy Poff, M. T. Sykes, B. H. Walker, M. Walker and D. H. Wall, 2000, "Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100", Science, vol. 287, pp. 1170-1174.
 D. Dudgeon, A. H. Arthington, M. O. Gessner, Z. Kawabata, D. Knowler, C. Lévêque, R. J. Naiman, A-H. Prieur-Richard, D. Soto, M. L. J. Stiassny and C. A. Sullivan, "Freshwater biodiversity: importance, threats, status and conservation challenges", Biological Reviews vol. 81, 2006, pp. 163 - 338.
 R. R. Stickney, "Principals of aquaculture", John Willey and Sons, NewYork, 1994.
 E. I. Adeyeye and F. O. Abulude, "Analytical assessments of some surface and ground water resources in Ile-Ife, Nigeria", J. Chem. Soc. Nig., vol. 29, 2004, pp. 98 -103.
 D. H. Evans, "The physiology of fishes", CRC. Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1993.
 G., Barnabe, "Aquaculture Biology and Ecology of Cultured Species," Ellis Harwood, New York, 1994.
 C.E. Boyd, "Water quality in warm water fishponds", Craft master Printers Inc Opelika, Alabama, 1981.
 M., Huet, "Textbook of fish culture", 2nd Ed. Fishing News Book Ltd., England, 1986.
 K. Tassaduqe, M. Ali, A. Salam, M. Latif ans T. Zahra, "Study of the seasonal variations in the physico chemical and biological aspects of Indus River Pakistan", Pak. J. Biol. Sci., vol. 6, 2003, pp. 1795-1801.
 D. Slingsby and C. Cook, "Practical Ecology", Macmillan Edition Ltd. London, 1986.
 A. Salam and S. Perveen, "Seasonal changes in the physico-chemical parameters of Dhand Gazanfargarh, Muzaffargarh, Pakistan", Acta Sci., vol. 6, 1996, pp. 45-56.
 R. Lloyd, "Pollution and Freshwater Fish", Fishing News Books, 1992.
 T. L. Meade, "The technology of Closed Culture of Salmonids", University of Rhode Island Marine Technical Report No.30, 1974.
 S. N. Islam, “Physicochemical Condition and Occurrence of Some Zooplankton in a Pond of Rajshahi University”, Bangladesh J. Fish. Hydrobiol., vol. 2, 2007, pp. 21-25.
 R. Rajakumar, M. Panagal, R.A. Kumar, T.M.M.J. Bastin, “Studies on the physicochemical parameters and the microbial Investigation of the freshwater exotic carp Ctenopharyngodon Idella (Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844) in Tamil Nadu, India”, Int. J. Univ. Pharm. Life Sci., vol. 1, 2011, pp. 1-16.
 H. Campos, W. Steffen, G. Agnuero, O. Parra, and L. Zuniga, “Limnological studies of Lake Rupanco (Chile); morphometry physics, chemistry, plankton & primary productivity”, Arch. Hydrobiol./Suppl. 90, vol. 1, 1992, pp. 85-113.
 R. K. Rath, “Fresh water aquaculture”, Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, 1993.