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Evaluation of a Bio-Mechanism by Graphed Static Equilibrium Forces

Authors: A.Y. Bani Hashim, N.A. Abu Osman, W.A.B. Wan Abas, L. Abdul Latif

Abstract:

The unique structural configuration found in human foot allows easy walking. Similar movement is hard to imitate even for an ape. It is obvious that human ambulation relates to the foot structure itself. Suppose the bones are represented as vertices and the joints as edges. This leads to the development of a special graph that represents human foot. On a footprint there are point-ofcontacts which have contact with the ground. It involves specific vertices. Theoretically, for an ideal ambulation, these points provide reactions onto the ground or the static equilibrium forces. They are arranged in sequence in form of a path. The ambulating footprint follows this path. Having the human foot graph and the path crossbred, it results in a representation that describes the profile of an ideal ambulation. This profile cites the locations where the point-of-contact experience normal reaction forces. It highlights the significant of these points.

Keywords: Ambulation, edge, foot, graph, vertex.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1335104

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References:


[1] W.J. Wang, R.H. Crompton. "Analysis of the human foot during bipedal standing with implications for the evolution of the foot". J. of Biomechanics, vol. 37, pp. 1831-1836, 2004.
[2] A. Y. Bani Hashim, N.A. Abu Osman, W.A.B. Wan Abas. "Formalizing array of foot-s bones through a graph". Second International Conference and Workshops on Basic Science and Applied Sciences & Regional Annual Fundamental Science Seminar 2009 (ICORAFSS 2009), Johor Bahru, Malaysia, 2-4 June 2009.