Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30172
A New Method for Extracting Ocean Wave Energy Utilizing the Wave Shoaling Phenomenon
Abstract:Fossil fuels are the major source to meet the world energy requirements but its rapidly diminishing rate and adverse effects on our ecological system are of major concern. Renewable energy utilization is the need of time to meet the future challenges. Ocean energy is the one of these promising energy resources. Threefourths of the earth-s surface is covered by the oceans. This enormous energy resource is contained in the oceans- waters, the air above the oceans, and the land beneath them. The renewable energy source of ocean mainly is contained in waves, ocean current and offshore solar energy. Very fewer efforts have been made to harness this reliable and predictable resource. Harnessing of ocean energy needs detail knowledge of underlying mathematical governing equation and their analysis. With the advent of extra ordinary computational resources it is now possible to predict the wave climatology in lab simulation. Several techniques have been developed mostly stem from numerical analysis of Navier Stokes equations. This paper presents a brief over view of such mathematical model and tools to understand and analyze the wave climatology. Models of 1st, 2nd and 3rd generations have been developed to estimate the wave characteristics to assess the power potential. A brief overview of available wave energy technologies is also given. A novel concept of on-shore wave energy extraction method is also presented at the end. The concept is based upon total energy conservation, where energy of wave is transferred to the flexible converter to increase its kinetic energy. Squeezing action by the external pressure on the converter body results in increase velocities at discharge section. High velocity head then can be used for energy storage or for direct utility of power generation. This converter utilizes the both potential and kinetic energy of the waves and designed for on-shore or near-shore application. Increased wave height at the shore due to shoaling effects increases the potential energy of the waves which is converted to renewable energy. This approach will result in economic wave energy converter due to near shore installation and more dense waves due to shoaling. Method will be more efficient because of tapping both potential and kinetic energy of the waves.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1082533Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2304
 M. Folley, T.J.T. Whittaker. Analysis of the nearshore wave energy resource, Renewable Energy 34 (2009) 1709-1715.
 M. French On the difficulty of inventing an economical sea wave energy converter: a personal view, Proceedings of the I MECH E Part M, Volume 220, Number 3, 2006 , pp. 149-155(7)
 J. M. Leishman & G. Scobie,"The development of wave power - a techno economical study", Dept. of Industry, NEL Report, EAU M25 (1976)
 T. Lewis "Wave Energy - Evaluation for C.E.C", EUR9827EN, (1985)
 Kevin A Haas and Hermann M Fritz, Ocean Energy Potential in Southeast Georgia, A report.
 S. H. Salter. "World progress in wave energy - 1988". The international Journal of Ambient Energy. Vol. 10 (1) (1989).
 T. W. Thorpe , "A Review of Wave Energy", ETSU-R-72 (1992)
 D. Ross "Power from the Waves", Oxford University Press (pub.) (1995),
 Beddhu, M., Taylor, L., Whitfield, D.,. A time accurate calculation procedure for flows with a free surface using a modified artificial compressibility formulation. Applied Mathematics and Computation 65 (1), 33-48 (1994)
 A. Chorin The numerical solution of the Navier-Stokes equations for an incompressible fluid. Report NYO-1480-82. New York University (1967).
 F. Kelecy, R. Pletcher The development of a free surface capturing approach for multidimensional free surface flows in closed containers. Journal of Computational Physics 138, 939-980 (1997).
 Julien De Rouck , Hadewych Verhaeghe, and Jimmy Geeraerts Crest level assessment of coastal structures ÔÇö General overview. Coastal Engineering Volume 56, Issue 2, February (2009)
 D.M. Ingram, D.M. Causon, F. Gao, C.G. Mingham, P. Troch, T. Li and J. De Rouck, Free surface numerical modelling of wave interaction with coastal structures. Clash Final Report on WP5 www.clash-eu.org (2005)
 Goda, Y., Irregular wave deformation in the surf zone. Coastal Engineering in Japan 18, 13-26 JSCE (1975).
 Y. Goda, A performance test of nearshore wave height prediction with CLASH datasets, Coastal Engineering 56 (2009) 220-229, (2009).
 Charles L. Mader Numerical Modeling Of Water waves, 2nd Edition
 Technology White Paper on Wave Energy Potential on the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf, Minerals Management Service Renewable Energy and Alternate Use Program U.S. Department of the Interior , (2006), Available for Downloading at http://ocsenergy.anl.gov
 G. Hagerman and R. Bedard, Guidelines for Preliminary Estimation of power production by offshore wave energy conversion devices, EPRI Report E21 EPRI-WP-US-001 (2003)
 Patent No. WO 2007125538 20071108
 Pelamis Wave Power Ltd, 2008. Homepage http://www.pelamiswave.com/index.php
 Therese Pontes, Mathematical description of Waves and Wave energy, INETI department of Renewable Energy, Lisbon, Portugal, December 2002
 T. Thorpe "An Overview of Wave Energy Technologies: Status, Performance and Costs". "Wave power - Moving towards commercial viability", IMECHE Seminar, London, UK (1999).
 Syed Sibte Ahmed Jafri Ocean-Based Power and Its Huge Potential as a Renewable Energy Source , a report.
 www.carbontrust.co.uk/technology/technologyaccelerator/ ME_guide2.htm
 Le├úo Rodrigues, Wave power conversion systems for electrical energy production. A report by Department of Electrical Engineering Faculty of Science and Technology, Nova University of Lisbon.
 D. Hoffman and O.J. Karst. The theory of the Rayleigh distribution and some of its applications. Journal of Ship Research 19 (3): 172-191 ( 1975).
 O. M Phillips "On the generation of waves by turbulent wind." J. Fluid Mech., 2, 417-445 (1957).
 J. W. Miles "On the generation of surface waves by shear flows." J. Fluid Mech., 3, 185-204 (1957).
 R. E. Jensen. "Spectral wave modelling technology". Coastal and Hydraulics Engineering Technical Note CHETN-I-58, U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS (1994).
 F. Ardhuin, ÔÇÿMomentum balance in shoaling gravity waves: Comment on ÔÇÿShoaling surface gravity waves cause a force and a torque on the bottom- by K. E. Kenyon- J. Oceanogr., 62, 917-922.