Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31821
Kinetics Study of Ammonia Removal from Synthetic Waste Water
Abstract:The aim of this study was to investigate ammonium exchange capacity of natural and activated clinoptilolite from Kwazulu-Natal Province, South Africa. X – ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis showed that the clinoptilolite contained exchangeable ions of sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium. This analysis also confirmed that the zeolite sample had a high silicon composition compared to aluminium. Batch equilibrium studies were performed in an orbital shaker and the data fitted the Langmuir isotherm very well. The ammonium exchange capacity was found to increase with pH and temperature. Clinoptilolite functionalization with hydrochloric acid increased its ammonia uptake ability.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1329617Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2103
 R. Leva-ramos, J. E. Monsivais-Rocha, A. Aragon-Pina, M. S. Berber- Mendoza, R. M. Guerrero-Coronado, P. Alonso-Davila, J. Mendoza- Barron, "Removal of ammonium from aqueous solution by ion exchange on natural and modified Chabazite," J. Environ. Man., vol. 91, pp. 2662-2668, 2010.
 A. Hedstrom, "Ion exchange of ammonium in zeolites: a literature review. J. Environ., Eng. vol. 127, pp. 673-681, 2001.
 R. Leva-ramos, G. Aguilar-Armenta, L. V. Gonzalez-Gutierrez, R. M. Guerrero-Coronado, J. Mendoza-Bason, "Ammonium exchange on clinoptilolite from mineral deposits located in Mexico," J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., vol. 79, pp. 651-657, 2004.
 V. K Jha, S. Hayashi, "Modificaton on natural clinoptilolite zeolite for its NH4+ retention capacity," J. Hazard. Mater., vol. 141, pp. 483-488, 2009.
 P. Vassileva, D Voikova, "Investigation on natural and pretreated Bulgarian clinoptilolite for ammonium ions removal from aqueous solutions," J. Hazard. Mater., vol. 170, pp. 948-953, 2009.
 Y. F. Wang, F. Lin, W. Q. Pang, "Ammonium exchange in aqueous solution using Chine natural clinoptilolite and modified zeolite," J. Hazard. Mater., vol. 142. pp. 160 - 164, 2007.
 B. B. Mamba, D. W. Nyembe and A. F. Mulaba-Bafubiandi, "The effect of conditioning with NaCl, KCl and HCl on the performance of natural clinoptilolite's removal efficiency of Cu2+ and Co2+ Synthetic solutions," Water SA, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 437-444, 2009.
 M. Zhang, H. Zhang, Dan Xu, L. Han, D Niu, B.Tian, J Zhan, L. Zhan and W. Wu, "Removal of Ammonium from aqueous solutions using zeolite synthesized from fly ash by a fusion method," Desalination (2011) doi: 10.1016/j. desal. 2010.12.021.
 A. M. Yusofa, L. K. Keata, Z. Ibrahimb, Z. A. Majiza, N. A. Nizamb, "Kinetic and equilibrium studies of the removal of ammonium ions from aqueous solution by rice husk ash-synthesized zeolite Y and powered and granulated forms of mordenite," J. Hazard.Mat., 2010, vol. 174, pp. 380-385, 2010.
 H. Huang, X Xiao, Bo Yan, L. Yang, "Ammonium removal from aqueous solution by using natural Chinese (Chende) zeolite as adsorbent". J. Hazard. Mat. Vol. 175, pp. 247-252, 2010.
 B. N. K. Njoroge and S. G. Mwamachi, "Ammonia removal from an aqueous solution by the use of a natural zeolite," J. Envir. Eng. Sci., vol. 3, pp. 147-154, 2004.
 O. Korkuna, R. Leboda, J. Skubiszewska, T. Vrublevs-ka, V.M. Gun-ko and J Ryczkowski, "Structural and physicochemical properties of natural zeolites: clinoptilolite and mordenite," Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, vol. 87, pp. 243-254, 2006.
 V. O. Vasylechko, G. V. Gryshchouk, L. O. Lebedynets, R. Leboda and J. Skubiszewska-zieba, "Investigation of usefulness of Transcarpathian zeolites in trace analysis of waters. Application of mordenite for the pre concentration of trace amounts of copper and cadmium," Chem. Anal. (Warsaw), vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 1013-1024, 1999.
 M. A. Hernandez, "Nitrogen-sorption characteristics of the micro porous structure of clinoptilolite-type zeolites," J. Porous Mater., vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 443-454, 2000..