Morphological and Electrical Characterization of Polyacrylonitrile Nanofibers Synthesized Using Electrospinning Method for Electrical Application
Electrospinning is the most widely utilized method to create nanofibers because of the direct setup, the capacity to mass-deliver consistent nanofibers from different polymers, and the ability to produce ultrathin fibers with controllable diameters. Smooth and much arranged ultrafine Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibers with diameters going from submicron to nanometer were delivered utilizing Electrospinning technique. PAN powder was used as a precursor to prepare the solution utilized as a part of this process. At the point when the electrostatic repulsion contradicted surface tension, a charged stream of polymer solution was shot out from the head of the spinneret and along these lines ultrathin nonwoven fibers were created. The effect of electrospinning parameter such as applied voltage, feed rate, concentration of polymer solution and tip to collector distance on the morphology of electrospun PAN nanofibers were investigated. The nanofibers were heat treated for carbonization to examine the changes in properties and composition to make for electrical application. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) was performed before and after carbonization to study electrical conductivity and morphological characterization. The SEM images have shown the uniform fiber diameter and no beads formation. The average diameter of the PAN fiber observed 365nm and 280nm for flat plat and rotating drum collector respectively. The four probe strategy was utilized to inspect the electrical conductivity of the nanofibers and the electrical conductivity is significantly improved with increase in oxidation temperature exposed.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3299615Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 361
 Formhals, Anton. "Process and apparatus fob preparing." U.S. Patent No. 1,975,504. 2 Oct. 1934.
 Dattaji K. Shinde, Legun Emmanwori, Ajit D. Kelkar, “Comparison of mechanical properties of EPON 862/W with and without TEOS electrospun nanofibers in nanocomposite”, SAMPE Seattle 2014, pg.59-4040, June 2-5, 2014.
 Shinde, D.; Kelkar, A. (2014), “Effect of TEOS Electrospun Nanofiber Modified Resin on Interlaminar Shear Strength of Glass Fiber/Epoxy Composite”, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, International Science Index 85, International Journal of Chemical, Materials Science and Engineering, 8(1), 53 -62.
 "Top 9 Things You Didn't Know about Carbon Fiber Department of Energy". Energy.gov. 2013-03-29. Retrieved 2013-12-08.
 D. Li, Y. Wang, and Y. Xia, “Electrospinning of polymeric and ceramic nanofibers as uniaxially aligned arrays,” Nano Letters, vol. 3, no. 8, pp. 1167–1171, 2003.
 S. Ramakrishna, “A review on polymer nanofibers by electrospinning and their applications in nanocomposites”, Composites Science and Technology 63 (2003)2223-225.
 Huang, Z. M.; Zhang, Y. Z.; Kotaki, M. & Ramakrishna, S.: “A review on polymer nanofibers by electrospinning and their applications in nanocomposites”, Composites Science and Technology, 63 (2003), pp. 2223-2253, ISSN 0266-3538.
 Dietzel, J. M., Kleinmeyer, J., Harris, D., & Beck Tan, N. C. (2001). “The effect of processing variables on the morphology of electrospun nanofibers and textiles”. Polymer, 42(1), 261-72.
 Tong Wang, Satish Kumar: “Electrospinning of Polyacrylonitrile Nanofibers”, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 102, 1023–1029 (2006).
 Reneker D. H., Yarin A. L., Fong H., Koombhongse S., “Bending instability of electrically charged liquid jets of polymer solutions in electrospinning”, Journal of Applied Physics, 87, 4531–4547 (2000). DOI: 10.1063/1.373532.
 Yarin A. L., Koombhongse S., Reneker D. H., “Bending instability in electrospinning of nanofibers”, Journal of Applied Physics, 89, 3018–3026 (2001). DOI: 10.1063/1.1333035.
 M. Sadrjahani, S. A. Hoseini, V. Mottaghitalab, A. K. Haghi. “Development And Characterization Of Highly Oriented Pan Nanofiber”, Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering Vol. 27, No. 04, pp. 583 - 589, October - December, 2010.
 Yang, Ying, Fritz Simeon, T.Alan Hatton, and Gregory C. Rutledge. “Polyacrylonitrile-based electrospun carbon paper for electrode applications.” Journal of Applied Polymer Science 124, no. 5 (June 5, 2012): 3861-3870.
 Xiaomin Shi, Weiping Zhou, Delong Ma, Qian Ma, Denzel Bridges, Ying Ma, and Anming Hu, “Electrospinning of Nanofibers and Their Applications for Energy Devices”, Journal of Nanomaterials Volume 2015, Article ID 140716.
 Bo Qiao, Xuejia Ding, Xiaoxiao Hou, and Sizhu Wu,, “Study on the Electrospun CNTs/Polyacrylonitrile-Based Nanofiber Composites”, Journal of Nanomaterials Volume 2011, Article ID 839462.
 Michelle K. Leach, Zhang-Qi Feng, Samuel J. Tuck, Joseph M. Corey, “Electrospinning Fundamentals: Optimizing Solution and Apparatus Parameters”, Journal of Visualized Experiments-1/21/2011, DOI: 10.3791/2494.
 S. Y. Gu, J. Ren, G. J. Vancso, “Process optimization and empirical modeling for electrospun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofiber precursor of carbon nanofibers”, European Polymer Journal 41(2005) 2559–2568.
 Runyan, W. R., & Shaffner, T. J. (1997), “Mobility, conductivity type, and Hall effect”, Semiconductor measurements and instrumentation (2nd ed). McGraw-Hill, New York, 141-158.
 Runyan, W. R., & Bean, K. E. (1990), “Semiconductor integrated circuit processing technology”, Addison Wesley Publishing Company.
 M. Sadrjahani, S. A. Hosseini, Ravandi, “Microstructure of Heat-treated PAN Nanofibers”, Fibers and Polymers 2013, Vol.14, No.8, 1276-1282.
 Juliana Bovi de Oliveira et al 2018 Mater. Res. Express 5 025602.
 Yoong Ahm Kim, Takuya Hayashi, Morinobu Endo, Mildred S. Dresselhaus, “Carbon Nanofibers”, Springer handbook of Nanomaterials, April 2011.