Functionally Graded MEMS Piezoelectric Energy Harvester with Magnetic Tip Mass
Role of piezoelectric energy harvesters has gained interest in supplying power for micro devices such as health monitoring sensors. In this study, in order to enhance the piezoelectric energy harvesting in capturing energy from broader range of excitation and to improve the mechanical and electrical responses, bimorph piezoelectric energy harvester beam with magnetic mass attached at the end is presented. In view of overcoming the brittleness of piezo-ceramics, functionally graded piezoelectric layers comprising of both piezo-ceramic and piezo-polymer is employed. The nonlinear equations of motions are derived using energy method and then solved analytically using perturbation scheme. The frequency responses of the forced vibration case are obtained for the near resonance case. The nonlinear dynamic responses of the MEMS scaled functionally graded piezoelectric energy harvester in this paper may be utilized in different design scenarios to increase the efficiency of the harvester.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1317368Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 575
 A. Erturk, J. Hoffmann, and D. J. Inman, “A piezomagnetoelastic structure for broadband vibration energy harvesting,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 94, no. 25, 2009.
 A. Doroushi, M. R. Eslami, and A. Komeili, “Vibration analysis and transient response of an FGPM beam under thermo-electro-mechanical loads using higher-order shear deformation theory,” J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 231–243, 2011.
 M. Komijani, J. N. Reddy, and M. R. Eslami, “Nonlinear analysis of microstructure-dependent functionally graded piezoelectric material actuators,” J. Mech. Phys. Solids, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 214–227, 2014.
 D. J. Huang, H. J. Ding, and W. Q. Chen, “Piezoelasticity solutions for functionally graded piezoelectric beams,” Smart Mater. Struct., vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 687–695, 2007.
 J. J. Choi, B. D. Hahn, J. Ryu, W. H. Yoon, B. K. Lee, and D. S. Park, “Preparation and characterization of piezoelectric ceramic-polymer composite thick films by aerosol deposition for sensor application,” Sensors Actuators, A Phys., vol. 153, no. 1, pp. 89–95, 2009.
 M. Dietze and M. Es-Souni, “Structural and functional properties of screen-printed PZT-PVDF-TrFE composites,” Sensors Actuators, A Phys., vol. 143, no. 2, pp. 329–334, 2008.
 A. Kumar, A. Sharma, R. Vaish, R. Kumar, and S. C. Jain, “A numerical study on anomalous behavior of piezoelectric response in functionally graded materials,” J. Mater. Sci., vol. 53, no. 4, 2018.
 M. Derayatifar and M. Tahani, “Nonlinear Free Vibration of Functionally Graded Piezomagnetoelastic Energy Harvester,” in The Twenty-Fifth Annual International Conference on Composites/Nano Engineering (ICCE-25), 2017.
 H. T. Thai, T. P. Vo, T. K. Nguyen, and J. Lee, “Size-dependent behavior of functionally graded sandwich microbeams based on the modified couple stress theory,” Compos. Struct., vol. 123, pp. 337–349, 2015.
 A. Abdelkefi and N. Barsallo, “Comparative modeling of low-frequency piezomagnetoelastic energy harvesters,” J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct., vol. 25, no. 14, pp. 1771–1785, 2014.
 A. H. Nayfeh, Introduction to Perturbation Techniques (Ali Hasan Nayfeh), vol. 24, no. 3. 1982.