Application of Biomass Ashes as Supplementary Cementitious Materials in the Cement Mortar Production
The production of low cost and environmentally friendly products represents an important step for developing countries. Biomass is one of the largest renewable energy sources, and Serbia is among the top European countries in terms of the amount of available and unused biomass. Substituting cement with the ashes obtained by the combustion of biomass would reduce the negative impact of concrete industry on the environment and would provide a waste valorization by the reuse of this type of by-product in mortars and concretes manufacture. The study contains data on physical properties, chemical characteristics and pozzolanic properties of obtained biomass ashes: wheat straw ash and mixture of wheat and soya straw ash in Serbia, which were, later, used as supplementary cementitious materials in preparation of mortars. Experimental research of influence of biomass ashes on physical and mechanical properties of cement mortars was conducted. The results indicate that the biomass ashes can be successfully used in mortars as substitutes of cement without compromising their physical and mechanical performances.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1317068Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 399
 S. Demis, J. G. Tapali, V. G. Papadakis, “An investigation of the effectiveness of the utilization of biomass ashes as pozzolanic materials,” in Construction and Building Materials, vol. 68, 2014, pp. 291–300.
 B. Nakomcic-Smaragdakis, Z. Cepic, N. Dragutinovic, “Analysis of solid biomass energy potential in Autonomous Province of Vojvodina,” in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 57, 2016, pp. 186–191
 D. Dakić, M. Martinov, “Status of Bioenergy in Serbia,” Workshop on International Cooperation in the field of bioenergy, Moscow, 2013.
 http://www.stat.gov.rs/WebSite/Default.aspx, Accessed on 15/01/2018.
 Y. Zhang, A. E. Ghaly, B. Li, “Physical properties of wheat strawvarieties cultivated under different climatic and soil conditions in three continents,” in American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 5, no. 2, 2012, pp. 98–106.
 http://www.daff.gov.za/Daffweb3/Portals/0/Statistics%20and%20Economic%20Analysis/Statistical%20Information/Trends%20in%20the%20Agricultural%20Sector%202017.pdf, Accessed on: 05/02/2018.
 O. Jankovský, M. Pavlíková, D. Sedmidubský, D. Bouša, M. Lojka, J. Pokorný, M. Záleská, Z. Pavlík, “Study on pozzolana activity of wheat straw ash as potential admixture for blended cements,” in Ceramics-Silikáty, vol. 61,2017, pp. 327-339.
 R. A. Khushnood, S. A. Rizwan, S. A. Memon, J. Tulliani, G. A. Ferro, “Experimental investigation on use of wheat straw ash and bentonite in self-compacting cementitious system,” in Advances in materials science and engineering, 2014, pp. 1-11.
 A. Goyal, H. Kunio, H. Ogata, M. Garg, A.M. Anwar, M. Ashraf, M. Mandula, “Synergic effect of wheat straw ash and rice-husk ash on strength properties of mortar,” in Journal of applied science, vol. 7, 2007, pp. 3256-3261.
 http://www.academia.edu/23705419/WHEAT_STRAW_ASH_AS_CEMENT_REPLACEMENT_MATERIAL_IN_CONCRETE, Accessed on: 27/12/2017.
 A. B. Dehane, S. G. Makarande, N. P. Shende, “Effect of wheat husk ash as a pozzolanic material on mortar,” in Civil Engineering, vol. 2, 2015, pp. 1-4.
 H. Biricik, F. Akoz, F. Turker, I. Berktay, “Resistance to magnesium sulfate and sodium sulfate attack of mortars containing wheat straw ash,” in Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 30, 2000, pp. 1189-1197.
 N. M. Al-Akhras, B. A. Abu-Alfoul, “Effect of wheat straw ash on mechanical properties of autoclaved mortar,” in Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 32, 2002, pp. 859–863.
 M. Radeka, V. Zekić, D. Milić, M. Malešev, V. Radonjanin, “Physical, chemical and pozzolanic properties of biomass ash,” in Proc. of the 13th International Conference iNDIS - Planning, design, construction and building renewal, 2015, pp. 114-127.
 SRPS EN 196-6, Methods of testing cement - Determination of fineness.
 EN 196-2, Methods of testing cement - Chemical analysis of cement.
 ISO 29581-2, Cement - Test methods, Chemical analysis by X-ray fluorescence.
 SRPS B.C1.018:2015, Non-metallic mineral raws - Pozzolanic materials - Constituents for cement production - Classification, technical conditions and test methods.
 SRPS EN 450-1:2014, Fly ash for concrete - Part 1: Definition, specifications and conformity criteria.
 SRPS EN 196-1:2008, Methods of testing cement - Part 1: Determination of strength.