Intersectional Bullying, LGBT Youth and the Construction of Power
Authors: Elle Hilke Dominski
This paper explores the impact of intersectional bullying of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) youth from a multi-layered experience perspective within bullying incidents at school. Present inclusionary measures at school may not be designed as a continuous process of finding better methods for responding to diversity, rather remain ‘fixed’ as singular solutions applied universally. This paper argues recognizing education through a lens of inclusion begins to realize most educational systems are poorly equipped to handle diversity.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1128034Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1016
 http://fra.europa.eu/en/publication/2015/lgbti-comparative-legal-update-2015Accessed 20/10/2015
 With further published reports including 2015 addressing broader social and legal issues. http://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_ uploads/protection_against_discrimination_legal_update_2015.pdf
 The LGBT acronym serves as an umbrella term throughout this thesis for LGBTQQIAAP2-S that includes queer, questioning, intersex, asexual, ally, pansexual and two-spirit.
 http://fra.europa.eu/en/country-report/2009/country-reports-homophobia-and-discrimination-grounds-sexual-orientation-and. Accessed 05/11/2015
 Stonewall was founded in 1989 working on social and legal advancement. for LGBT people, http://www.stonewall.org.uk/our-work. Accessed 19/04/2016
 Bullying aimed at homosexuals (homophobic), bisexuals (biphobic) and transgender/sexuals (transphobic).
 G. Prati, L. Pietrantoni, and A. R. D'Augelli. "Aspects of Homophobia in Italian high schools: Students' attitudes and perceptions of school climate." Journal of Applied Social Psychology, vol. 41 (11), 2011, pp. 2600-2620.
 https://www.sos-homophobie.org/ Accessed 12/05/2016
 V. Clarke, C. Kitzinger J. Potter, J. “Kids are just cruel anyway: Lesbian and gay parents’ talk about homophobic bullying.” British Journal of Social Psychology Volume 43(4), December 2004, pages 531-550. DOI: 10.1348/0144666042565362
 C. L. Cooper, H. Hoel, B. Faragher. “Bullying is detrimental to health, but all bullying behaviours are not necessarily equally damaging,” British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, vol. 32, 2004, pp. 367-387, DOI: 10.1080/03069880410001723594. Retrieved from: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/03069880410001723594. Accessed 08/10/2015
 B. R. Garnett, K. E. Masyn, K. E., Austin, B. S., Miller, M., Williams, D. R., & Viswanath, K. “The intersectionality of discrimination attributes and bullying among youth: an applied latent class analysis.” J Youth Adolescent, vol. 43 (8), 2014, pp. 1225-39.
 https://mrdevin.files.wordpress.com/2009/06/five-faces-of-oppression.pdf I. Young. “The Five Faces of Oppression.” Oppression, Privilege, and resistance” Theoretical Perspectives on Racism, Sexism, and Heterosexism. Lisa Heldeke and Peg O’Connor. 1st ed. McGraw-Hill Education – Europe, 2003, pp. 37-63. Print.
 http://www.humanityinaction.org/knowledgebase/588-human-rights-diplomacy-amidst-world-war-lgbt-re-examining-western-promotion-of-lgbt-rights-in-light-of-the-. Accessed 05/11/2015
 https://law.ucla.edu/faculty/faculty-profiles/kimberle-w-crenshaw/ Accessed 18/11/2015
 E. Elamé (2013) “Discriminatory Bullying; a new intercultural challenge.” Milan, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London: Springer. ISBN 978-88-470-5234-5, DOI: 10.1007/978-88-470-5235-2
 A. Daley et al. “Traversing the Margins: Intersectionalities in the Bullying of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth.” Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, vol. 19 (3-4), 2008, pp. 9-29.
 S. Kessel-Schneider, L. O'Donnell, A. Stueve, R. W.S. Coulter. “Cyberbullying, School Bullying, and Psychological Distress: A Regional Census of High School Students.” American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 102, No. 1, 2012, pp. 171-177. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300308
 E.D. Berlan, H.L. Corliss, A.E. Field, E. Goodman, S.R. Austin. “Sexual Orientation and Bullying Among Adolescents in the Growing Up Today Study.” Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 46, Issue 4, 2010, pp. 366-371
 P.A. Michaud. “Bullying: We Need to Increase Our Efforts and Broaden Our Focus.” Journal of Adolescent Health. Vol. 45 (4), October 2009, pp. 323-325.
 I.M. Young. “Justice and the Politics of Difference.” Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1990. Print.
 R.J. Haines-Saah, C.T. Hilario, E.K. Jenkins, C.K.Y. Ng, J.L. Johnson. Understanding Adolescent Narratives About “Bullying” Through an Intersectional Lens: Implications for Youth Mental Health Interventions. Youth & Society, 2016, pp. 1-23
 D.L. Espelage, J.R. Polanin, S.K. Low. “Teachers and Staff Perceptions of School Environment as Predictors of Student Aggression, Victimization, and Willingness to intervene in Bullying Situations.” School Psychology Quarterly, Vol. 29, No. 3, 2014, 287-305.
 A. Tashakkori & I. Newman. “Mixed methods: Integrating quantitative and qualitative approaches to research.” In B. McGaw, E. Baker, & P. P. Peterson (Eds.), International encyclopedia of education (3rd ed.), 2010, pp. 514-520). Oxford, England: Elsevier