Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31105
Design and Performance Analysis of One Dimensional Zero Cross-Correlation Coding Technique for a Fixed Wavelength Hopping SAC-OCDMA

Authors: Satyasen Panda, Urmila Bhanja


This paper presents a SAC-OCDMA code with zero cross correlation property to minimize the Multiple Access Interface (MAI) as New Zero Cross Correlation code (NZCC), which is found to be more scalable compared to the other existing SAC-OCDMA codes. This NZCC code is constructed using address segment and data segment. In this work, the proposed NZCC code is implemented in an optical system using the Opti-System software for the spectral amplitude coded optical code-division multiple-access (SAC-OCDMA) scheme. The main contribution of the proposed NZCC code is the zero cross correlation, which reduces both the MAI and PIIN noises. The proposed NZCC code reveals properties of minimum cross-correlation, flexibility in selecting the code parameters and supports a large number of users, combined with high data rate and longer fiber length. Simulation results reveal that the optical code division multiple access system based on the proposed NZCC code accommodates maximum number of simultaneous users with higher data rate transmission, lower Bit Error Rates (BER) and longer travelling distance without any signal quality degradation, as compared to the former existing SAC-OCDMA codes.

Keywords: cross correlation, multiple access interference, Optical Code Division Multiple Access, Spectral Amplitude Coding Optical Code Division Multiple Access, Phase Induced Intensity Noise, New Zero Cross Correlation code

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1524


[1] Chen Biao, Wang Fu-chang, Hu Jian-dong and He Sai-ling., “A novel OCDMA drop unit based on fiber gratings and 2D wavelength-time codes”, Optoelectronics Letters. vol. 1, 2005, pp. 53–56.
[2] Hongxi Yin, Wei Liang, Le Ma and Liqiao Qin., “A new family of two-dimensional triple code weight asymmetric optical orthogonal code for OCDMA networks”, Chinese Optoelectronics Letters. vol. 7, 2009, pp. 102–105.
[3] Zouine Y, Dayoub I, Haxha S and Rouvaen J. M., “Analyses of constraints on high speed optical code division multiplexing access (OCDMA) link parameters due to fiber optic chromatic dispersion”, Journal of Optical Communication. vol. 281, 2008, pp. 1030–1036.
[4] Santoro M A and Fan T R., “Spread spectrum fiber optic local area network using optical processing”, Journal of. Light wave Technology. vol. 4, 1986, pp.547–554.
[5] Pfeiffer T, Deppisch B, Witte M and Heidemann R., “Operational stability of a spectrally encoded optical CDMA system using inexpensive transmitters without spectral control”, IEEE Photonic Technology Letters, vol. 11, 1999, pp. 916–918.
[6] Pfeiffer T, Schmuck H, Deppisch B, Witte M and Kissing J., “TDM/CDM/WDM approach for metro networks with 200 optical channels”, proceeding at 26th ECOC (Munich, Germany). vol. 3, 2000, pp 77–78.
[7] Hernandez V. J, Mandez A J, Bennett C.V, Gagliardi R. M, and Lennon W.J., “Bit error rate analysis of a sixteen-user gigabit Ethernet optical CDMA (OCDMA) technology demonstrator using wavelength/time codes”, IEEE Photonic Technology Letters. vol. 17, 2005, pp 2784–2786.
[8] Stok A, and Sargent E.H., “Lighting the local network: Optical code division multiple access and quality of service provisioning”, IEEE Networks, vol. 14, 2000, pp. 42–46.
[9] Mohammed Noshad, and Kambiz Jamshidi., “Code family for modified spectral amplitude coding OCDMA system and performance analysis”, Journal of Optical Communication Networks. vol. 2, 2010, pp. 344– 354.
[10] Hasson F N, Aljunid S A, Samad M.D.A and Abdullah M K., “Spectral amplitude coding OCDMA using AND subtraction technique”, Application of Optics. vol. 47, 2008, pp. 1263–1268
[11] Wei Z.H, Shalaby M, and Shiraz H.G., “New code families for fiber-Bragg-grating-based spectral-amplitude-coding optical CDMA systems”, IEEE Photonic Technology Letters, vol.13, 2001, pp. 890–892
[12] Wei Z, Shalaby H.M.H, and Ghafouri Shiraz H., “Modified quadratic congruence codes for fiber Bragg- grating based spectral-amplitude coding optical CDMA system”, Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 19, 2001, pp.1274–1281.
[13] Salehi J.A., “Code division multiple access technique in optical fiber networks. Part II: System performance analysis”, IEEE Transaction on Communication, vol. 37, 1989, pp. 834–842.
[14] Yang G.C and Kwong W.C., “Prime code with applications to CDMA optical and wireless networks”, Boston: Artech House, 2002.
[15] Ahmad Anas S.B, Abdullah M.K, Mokhtar M., Aljunidc S.A and Walker S.D., “Optical domain service differentiation using spectral-amplitude-coding”, Journal of Optical Fiber Technology. Vol. 15, 2009, pp. 26– 32.
[16] Hillal Adnan Fadhil, Aljunid S.A, and Ahmed R.B., “Effect of random diagonal code link of an OCDMA scheme for high-speed access networks”, Journal of Optical Fiber Technology, vol. 15, 2009, pp. 237–241.
[17] Aljunaid S.A, Ismail M, and Ramil A.R., “A new family of optical code sequence for spectral-amplitude-coding optical CDMA systems”, IEEE Photonic Technology Letters, vol. 16, 2004, pp. 2383–2385.
[18] Abd T, Aljunaid S, Fadhil H., “A new technique for reduction of the phase induced intensity noise in SAC-OCDMA system”, Journal of Optical Communication, vol. 5, 2011, pp.138-44.
[19] T.H. Abd, S.A. Alijunaid, H.A. Fadhil, R.A. Ahmad, N.M. Saad, “Development of a new code family based on SAC-OCDMA system with large cardinality for ocdma networks”. Journal of optical fiber technology, vol. 17, 2011, pp. 273-280.
[20] S.A Alijunaid, M. Ismail, A.R Ramil. “A new family of optical code sequence for spectral amplitude coding optical CDMA systems”, IEEE photon. Technology letter, vol.16, 2004, pp.2383-2385.
[21] Zou Wei, H.M.H Shalaby, H Ghafouri-shiraz, “Modified quadratic congruence code for fiber Bragg Grating based spectral amplitude coding optical cdma system”. Journal of light wave technology. vol 19, 2001, pp.1274-1281.
[22] E.D.J. Smith, R.J. Blakie, D.P. Taylor, “Performance enhancement of spectral amplitude coding optical cdma using pulse position modulation”, IEEE transaction on communication, vol.46, 1998, pp.1176-1184.
[23] M.S Anwar, S.A. Alijunaid, N.M. Saad, S.M. Hamzah, “New design of spectral amplitude coding in ocdma with zero cross correlation”, Journal of optical communication, vol.282, 2009, pp.2659-2664.
[24] Z. Wei, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, “Unipolar codes with ideal in phase cross correlation for spectarl amplitude coding optical cdma system”, IEEE transactions on communication, vol.50, 2002, pp.1209-1212.
[25] J.H. Wen, J.S. Jhou, C.P.Li, “optical spectral amplitude coding cdma systems using perfect difference code and interference estimation”, IEEE proceedings Optoelectronics, vol.153, 2006, pp.152-160.
[26] C.C. Yang, J.F. Huang, S.P.Tseng, “optical cdma network codes structured with M-sequence codes over waveguide –grating routers”, IEEE photonic transaction letters, vol. 16,2004,,pp. 641-643.
[27] I. B. Djordjevic, B. Vasic, “Combinational constructions of optical orthogonal codes for ocdma systems”, IEEE communication letters,vol. 8(6),2004.
[28] H.A. Fadhil, S.A. Alijunaid, H.Y. Ahmed, H.M.R. Alkhafaji, “Variable cross-correlation code construction for spectral amplitude coding optical CDMA networks”. Journal of Optik, vol.123, 2012, pp.956-963.
[29] Vishal Jyoti, R.S. Kaler, “Design and performance analysis of various one dimensional codes using different data formats for OCDMA system”, Journal of Optik, vol.122, 2011, pp.843-850.
[30] Gerd Keiser. “Optical Fiber Communication (Third edition), New York”: Mc Grawhill (1986).
[31] Hillal Fadhil, Aljunid S, and Ahmed B., “Performance of OCDMA system using Random diagonal code for different decoders architecture schemes”, International Arab Journal of Information Technology, vol. 7, no.1, 2010, pp. 1–5.
[32] Shin –pin Tseng “Fast frequency hopping codes applied to SAC optical CDMA network”, Journal of optical fiber technology, vol. 23, 2015, pp.61-65.
[33] M H Kakaee, Saleh S,H A Fadhil, S B A Anas, M Mokhtar. “Development of Multi-Service (MS) for SAC-OCDMA system”. Journal of Optic & Laser technology.vol.60, 2014, pp.49-55.
[34] H A Fadhil, S A Alijunaid, R B Ahmad. “Design consideration of high performance OCDMA: A new spectral amplitude code based on laser and light emitting diode light source”. Journal of IET optoelectronics, vol. 10, 2009.