Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30077
An Overview of Corroded Pipe Repair Techniques Using Composite Materials

Authors: K. S. Lim, S. N. A. Azraai, N. M. Noor, N. Yahaya

Abstract:

Polymeric composites are being increasingly used as repair material for repairing critical infrastructures such as building, bridge, pressure vessel, piping and pipeline. Technique in repairing damaged pipes is one of the major concerns of pipeline owners. Considerable researches have been carried out on the repair of corroded pipes using composite materials. This article attempts a short review of the subject matter to provide insight into various techniques used in repairing corroded pipes, focusing on a wide range of composite repair systems. These systems including pre-cured layered, flexible wet lay-up, pre-impregnated, split composite sleeve and flexible tape systems. Both advantages and limitations of these repair systems were highlighted. Critical technical aspects have been discussed through the current standards and practices. Research gaps and future study scopes in achieving more effective design philosophy are also presented.

Keywords: Composite materials, pipeline, repair technique, polymers.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1110684

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 4516

References:


[1] J. L. Alamilla, M. A. Espinosa-Medina, and E. Sosa, “Modelling steel corrosion damage in soil environment,” Corrosion Science, vol. 51, 2009, pp. 2628-2638.
[2] N. Yahaya, N. M. Noor, S. R. Othman, K. S. Lim, and M. M. Din, “New technique for studying soil-corrosion of underground pipelines,” Journal of Applied Sciences, vol. 11, no. 1, 2011, pp. 1510-1518.
[3] N. M. Noor, K. S. Lim, N. Yahaya, and A. Abdullah, “Corrosion study on X70-carbon steel material influenced by soil engineering properties,” Advanced Materials Research, vols. 311-313, 2011, pp. 875-880.
[4] Y. T. Li, X. Li, G. W. Cai, and L. H. Yang, “Influence of ac interference to corrosion of q235 carbon steel,” Corrosion Engineering, Science and Technology, vol. 48, no. 5, 2013, pp. 322-326.
[5] Central Intelligence Agency, “The world factbook field listing: pipelines, accessed on 26 October 2013, https://www.cia.gov/library/ publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2117.html.
[6] H. A. Kishawy, and H. A. Gabbar, “Review of pipeline integrity management practices,” International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, vol. 87, 2010, pp. 373-380.
[7] N. Yahaya, K. S. Lim, N. M. Noor, S. R. Othman, and A. Abdullah, “Effects of clay and moisture content on soil-corrosion dynamic,” Malaysian Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 23, no. 1, 2011, pp. 24-32.
[8] N. M. Noor, N. Yahaya, A. Abdullah, K. S. Lim, and M. M. Tahir, “Microbiologically influenced corrosion of X-70 carbon steel by desulfovibrio vulgaris,” Advanced Science Letters, vol. 13, 2012, pp. 312-316.
[9] K. S. Lim, N. Yahaya, S. R. Othman, S. N. Fariza, and N. M. Noor, “The relationship between soil resistivity and corrosion growth in tropical region,” Journal of Corrosion Science and Engineering, vol. 16, 2013.
[10] M. Shamsuddoha, M. M. Islam, T. Aravinthan, A. Manalo, and K. T. Lau, “Characterization of mechanical and thermal properties of epoxy grouts for composite repair of steel pipelines,” Material and Design, vol. 52, 2013, pp. 315-327.
[11] S. N. F. M. M. Tahir, N. Yahaya, N. M. Noor, K. S. Lim, and A. A. Rahman, “Underground corrosion model of steel pipelines using in situ parameters of soil,” Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, vol. 137, no. 5, 2015, 051701.
[12] United State Department of Transport, “Corrosion costs and preventive strategies in the United States,” U.S.A: United State Department of Transport, 2007.
[13] J. W. Hsu, and F. Liu, “Taiwan gas blasts likely caused by faulty pipe,” The Wall Street Journal. Accessed on 11 September 2014, http://online.wsj.com/articles/taiwan-gas-blasts-likely-caused-by-faultypipe- 1406964902.
[14] S. N. A. Azraai, K. S. Lim, N. Yahaya, , M. N. and Noor, “Infill materials of epoxy grout for pipeline rehabilitation and repair,” Malaysian Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 27, no. 1, 2015, pp. 162- 167.
[15] AEA Technology Consulting, “Temporary/permanent pipe repairguidelines,” Offshore Technology Report 2001/038, HSE Books, 2001.
[16] R. Batisse, Safety, Reliability and risks associated with water, oil and gas pipelines, ed. G. Pluvinage and M. H. Elwady, Springer, Netherlands, 2008, pp. 335-349.
[17] J. Kou, and W. Yang, “Application progress of oil and gas pipeline rehabilitation technology,” In the Proceeding of the International Conference on Pipelines and Trenchless Technology (ICPTT), Beijing, China, 26–29 October 2011, pp. 1285–1292.
[18] A.G. Gibson, The Cost Effective Use of Fiber Reinforced Composites Offshore. Norwich: University of Newcastle upon Tyne, HSE Books, 2003.
[19] L. Cercone, and J. D. Lockwood, “Review of FRP composite materials for pipeline repair,” Pipelines, 2005, pp. 1001-1013.
[20] V. M. Seica, and A. J. Packer, “FRP materials for the rehabilitation of tubular steel structures, for underwater applications,” Comp. Struct., vol. 80, 2007, pp. 440-450.
[21] A. Y. L. Leong, K. H. Leong, Y. C. Tan, P. F. M. Liew, C. D. Wood, W. Tian, and K. A. Kozielski, “Overwrap composite repairs of offshore risers at topside and splash zone,” In the Proceedings of 18th International Committee on Composite Materials (ICCM-18), Jeju Island, Korea 21-26 August 2011.
[22] W. F. Ma, J. H. Luo, and K. Cai, “Discussion about application of composite repair technique in pipeline engineering,” Advanced Materials Research. Vols. 311-313, pp. 185-188.
[23] ASME PCC-2 Repair of pressure equipment and piping. 2011, New York, USA.
[24] ISO/TS 24817 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries – composite repairs of pipework – qualification and design, installation, testing and inspection. 2006, Switzerland.
[25] The Clock Spring Company, Clock Spring® product brochure, 2012.
[26] Wrapmaster, PermaWrapTM product brochure, 2014.
[27] Wrapmaster, WeldWrapTM product brochure, 2012.
[28] R. Palmer-Jones, and D. Paisley, “Repairing internal corrosion defects in pipelines - a case study,” In the Proceedings of the 4th International Pipeline Rehabilitation and Maintenance Conference, Prague, September 2000.
[29] A. R. Mableson, K. R. Dunn, N. Dodds, and A. G. Gibson, “Refurbishment of steel tubular pipes using composite materials,” Plastic Rubber Compos, vol. 29, no. 10, 2000, pp. 558-565.
[30] Air Logistics Corporation, Aquawrap® product brochure, 2015.
[31] T. D. Williamson, Inc., RES-Q Composite Wrap product brochure, 2013.
[32] Armor Plate, Inc., Armor Plate® Pipe Wrap products, accessed on 8 July 2015, http://www.armorplateonline.com/products.php.
[33] F. Worth, “Analysis of Aquawrap® for use in reparing damaged pipeline: environmental exposure conditions, property testing procedures, and field test evaluations,” 2005.
[34] C. R. Alexander, and F. D. Wilson, “Recent test results and filed experience with Armor Plate® pipe wrap repairing corroded and mechanically-damaged pipes,” In the Pigging Conference, Houston, U.S.A, February 2000.
[35] A. Morton, “Wet-applied wrap helps restore pipeline systems,” Pipeline and Gas Technology, July 2009.
[36] J. A. Peck, G. Li, S-S. Pang, and M.A. Stubblefield, “Light intensity effect on UV cured FRP coupled composite pipe joints,” Compos. Struct., vol. 64, 2004, pp. 539-546.
[37] J. A. Peck, R. A. Jones, S-S. Pang, G. Li and B. H. Smith, “UV-cured FRP joint thickness effect on coupled composite pipes,” Compos. Struct., vol. 80, 2007, 290-297.
[38] PETRONAS Technology Ventures Sdn. Bhd., ProAssure™ Wrap Extreme product brochure, 2015.
[39] Neptune Research Incorporation, Syntho-Glass® XT and Viper-SkinTM products, accessed on 8 July 2015, http://www.neptuneresearch.com/ products/.
[40] T. Heldt, J. McGuffin, R. Marsh, M. Youngberry, and A. Carse, “Fibre composite structures in Australia's civil engineering market: an anatomy of innovation,” ed. G. Van Erp, C, Cattell, and T. Heldt, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Queensland, Australia, 2005, pp. 150-160.
[41] C. R. Alexander, “Development of a composite repair system for reinforcing offshore risers,” Doctor of Philosophy, Texas A&M University, 2007.
[42] PETRONAS Technology Ventures Sdn. Bhd., ProAssure™ Clamp product brochure, 2015.
[43] Pipe Line Development Company, PLIDCO Split+Sleeve, accessed on 8 July 2015, http://www.plidco.com/product-line/split-sleeve.
[44] 3X Engineering, REINFORCEKiT® 4D, accessed on 8 July 2015, http://www.3xengineering.com/R4D-corrosion-repair-strengtheningcorroded- pipes-onshore-offshore-application.html#.
[45] M. Madhujit, Mechanics of Composite Materials, Universities Press (India) Private Limited, India, 2004.
[46] ASME PCC-2 Repair of pressure equipment and piping. 2006, New York, USA.
[47] S. B. Cunha, and T. A. Netto, “Analytical solution for stress, strain and plastic instability of pressurized pipes with volumetric flaws,” Int. J. Press Vess Piping, vol. 89, 2012, pp. 187-202.
[48] K. Farrag, “Selection of pipe repair methods,” Final report GTI project number 21087, Gas Technology Institute, 2013.
[49] J. M. Duell, J. M. Wilson, and M. R. Kessler, “Analysis of a carbon composite overwrap pipeline repair system,” Int. J. Press Vess Piping, vol. 85, 2008, pp. 782-788.
[50] G. H. Koch, M. P. Brongers, N. G. Tompson, Y. P. Virmani, and J. H. Payer, “Corrosion cost and preventative strategies in the united states,” Federal Highway Administration, Office of Infrastructure Research and Development, 2001, pp. 260-311.
[51] C. R. Alexander, “Advances in the repair of pipelines using composite materials, article 1 in a 4-part series,” Pipeline & Gas Technology Magazine, Hart Energy Publishing, LP, July 2009.
[52] O. I. Sekunowo, S. I. Durowaye, and G. I. Lawal, “An overview of nano-particles effect on mechanical properties of composites,” International Journal of Mechanical, Aerospace, Industrial, Mechatronic and Manufacturing Engineering, vol. 9, no. 1, 2015, pp. 1- 7.