Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31100
Performance of Flat Plate Loop Heat Pipe for Thermal Management of Lithium-Ion Battery in Electric Vehicle Application
Abstract:The development of electric vehicle batteries have resulted in very high energy density lithium-ion batteries. However, this progress is accompanied by the risk of thermal runaway, which can result in serious accidents. Heat pipes are heat exchangers that are suitable to be applied in electric vehicle battery thermal management for their lightweight, compact size and do not require external power supply. This paper aims to examine experimentally a Flat Plate Loop Heat Pipe (FPLHP) performance as a heat exchanger in thermal management system of lithium-ion battery for electric vehicle application. The heat generation of the battery was simulated using a cartridge heater. Stainless steel screen mesh was used as the capillary wick. Distilled water, alcohol and acetone were used as working fluids with a filling ratio of 60%. It was found that acetone gives the best performance that produces thermal resistance of 0.22 W/°C with 50°C evaporator temperature at heat flux load of 1.61 W/cm2.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1108112Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2744
 K. Hedegaard, H. Ravn, N. Juul, and P. Meibom, "Effects of electric vehicles on power systems in Northern Europe," Energy, vol. 48, pp. 356-368, 2012.
 L. Lu, X. Han, J. Li, J. Hua, and M. Ouyang, "A review on the key issues for lithium-ion battery management in electric vehicles," Journal of power sources, vol. 226, pp. 272-288, 2013.
 P. E. Ross, "Boeing's battery blues (News)," Spectrum, IEEE, vol. 50, pp. 11-12, 2013.
 X. Duan and G. F. Naterer, "Heat transfer in phase change materials for thermal management of electric vehicle battery modules," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 53, pp. 5176-5182, 11// 2010.
 J. X. Weinert, A. F. Burke, and X. Wei, "Lead-acid and lithium-ion batteries for the Chinese electric bike market and implications on future technology advancement," Journal of Power Sources, vol. 172, pp. 938- 945, 10/25/ 2007.
 T.-H. Tran, S. Harmand, B. Desmet, and S. Filangi, "Experimental investigation on the feasibility of heat pipe cooling for HEV/EV lithiumion battery," Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 63, pp. 551-558, 2014.
 Z. Rao, S. Wang, M. Wu, Z. Lin, and F. Li, "Experimental investigation on thermal management of electric vehicle battery with heat pipe," Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 65, pp. 92-97, 1// 2013.
 N. Putra, W. N. Septiadi, R. Sahmura, and C. T. Anggara, "Application of Al2O3 Nanofluid on Sintered Copper-Powder Vapor Chamber for Electronic Cooling," Advanced Materials Research, vol. 789, pp. 423- 428, 2013.
 N. Putra and F. N. Iskandar, "Application of nanofluids to a heat pipe liquid-block and the thermoelectric cooling of electronic equipment," Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, vol. 35, pp. 1274-1281, 2011.
 J.-C. Wang, "L-type heat pipes application in electronic cooling system," International Journal of Thermal Sciences, vol. 50, pp. 97-105, 2011.
 Y.-C. Weng, H.-P. Cho, C.-C. Chang, and S.-L. Chen, "Heat pipe with PCM for electronic cooling," Applied Energy, vol. 88, pp. 1825-1833, 2011.
 B. Chen, W. Liu, Z. Liu, H. Li, and J. Yang, "Experimental investigation of loop heat pipe with flat evaporator using biporous wick," Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 42, pp. 34-40, 2012.
 B. Chen, Z. Liu, W. Liu, J. Yang, H. Li, and D. Wang, "Operational characteristics of two biporous wicks used in loop heat pipe with flat evaporator," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 55, pp. 2204-2207, 2012.
 X. Lu and J.-J. Wei, "Experimental study on a novel loop heat pipe with both flat evaporator and boiling pool," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 79, pp. 54-63, 2014.
 Q. Wang, B. Jiang, Q. Xue, H. Sun, B. Li, H. Zou, et al., "Experimental investigation on EV battery cooling and heating by heat pipes," Applied Thermal Engineering, 2014.
 M. M. Thackeray, J. O. Thomas, and M. S. Whittingham, "Science and applications of mixed conductors for lithium batteries," MRS bulletin, vol. 25, pp. 39-46, 2000.
 Y. Maydanik, S. Vershinin, M. Chernysheva, and S. Yushakova, "Investigation of a compact copper–water loop heap pipe with a flat evaporator," Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 31, pp. 3533-3541, 2011.
 D. Wang, Z. Liu, J. Shen, C. Jiang, B. Chen, J. Yang, et al., "Experimental study of the loop heat pipe with a flat disk-shaped evaporator," Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, vol. 57, pp. 157- 164, 2014.
 Y. Wang and K. Vafai, "Transient characterization of flat plate heat pipes during startup and shut down operations," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 43, pp. 2641-2655, 2000.