Seismic Assessment of Old Existing RC Buildings on Madinah with Masonry Infilled Using Ambient Vibration Measurements
Early pre-code reinforced concrete structures present undetermined resistance to earthquakes. This situation is particularly unacceptable in the case of essential structures, such as healthcare structures and pilgrims' houses. Amongst these, an existing old RC building in Madinah city (KSA) is seismically evaluated with and without infill wall and their dynamic characteristics are compared with measured values in the field using ambient vibration measurements (AVM). After updating the mathematical models for this building with the experimental results, three dimensional pushover analysis (Nonlinear static analysis) was carried out using commercial structural analysis software incorporating inelastic material properties for concrete, infill and steel. The purpose of this analysis is to evaluate the expected performance of structural systems by estimating, strength and deformation demands in design, and comparing these demands to available capacities at the performance levels of interest. The results summarized and discussed.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1099076Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2066
 J. Roobol (2007) "Cenozoic faults in Western Saudi Arabia" In: 7th meeting of the Saudi society for geosciences, King Saudi University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
 M. Al-Saud (2008) "Seismic characteristics and kinematic models of Makkah and central Red Sea regions" Arab J Geosci 1:49–61.
 S. Aldamegh, H. Moussa, S. Al-Arifi and M. Moustafa (2012)" Focal mechanism of Badr earthquake, Saudi Arabia of August 27, 2009" Arab J Geosci (2012) 5:599–606.
 Federal Emergency Federal Agency, FEMA-356, (2000), "Pre-standard and Commentary for Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings", Washington DC.
 ATC-40 (1996) "Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Concrete Building "Report, Applied Technology Council. Redwood City, California.
 C. Chintanapakdee and A. K. Chopra (2003) "Evaluation of modal pushover analysis using generic frames" Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics; 32(3): 417-42.
 S. K. Kunnath and E. Kalkan (2004) "Evaluation of seismic deformation demands using nonlinear procedures in multistory steel and concrete moment frames" ISET Journal of Earthquake Technology 41(1):159_82.
 A. K. Chopra, A.K. and R. K. Goel, (2002) "A modal pushover analysis procedure for estimating seismic demands for buildings" Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics 31(3):561-82.
 A. K. Chopra, R. K. Goel and C. Chintanapakdee (2004) "Evaluation of a modified MPA procedure assuming higher modes as elastic to estimate seismic demands" Earthquake Spectra;20(3):757-78.
 A. K. Chopra and C. Chintanapakdee (2004) "Evaluation of modal and FEMA pushover analyses: vertically regular and irregular generic frames" Earthquake Spectra; 20(1):255-71.
 Federal Emergency Federal Agency, FEMA-440, "Improvement of nonlinear static seismic analysis procedures" Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C., 2005.
 S. Akkar and A. Metin (2007) "Assessment of improved nonlinear static procedures in FEMA-440" Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE; 133(9):1237_46.
 E. Kalkan and S. K. Kunnath (2007) "Assessment of current nonlinear static procedures for seismic evaluation of buildings". Engineering Structures; 29(3): 305-16.
 E. Irtem and U. Hasgul (2009) "Investigation of effects of nonlinear static analysis procedures to performance evaluation on low-rise RC buildings" Journal of Performance for Constructed Facilities, ASCE; 23(6):456_66.
 S. Midorikawa (1990) “Ambient vibration test of buildings in Santiago and Viña del Mar”, a report on the Chile-Japan joint study project on seismic design of structures, The Japan international cooperation agency.
 C. Negulescu, R. Radoi, and A. Aldea (2004) "Micro tremor measurement for evaluation of building vibration characteristics", Report, National Center for Seismic Risk Reduction, Bucharest, Part 1 - 23p. and Part 2, - 20p
 C. Michel, P. Guéguen and P. Y. Bard (2008)"Dynamic parameters of structures extracted from ambient vibration measurements", an aid for the seismic vulnerability assessment of existing buildings in moderate seismic hazard regions, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering; 28 (8), 593-604.
 S. Demetriu and A. Aldea (2012)"Modal parameters of RC frame structure identified from ambient vibration measurements" 15 WCEE, Lisbona.
 R. Crawford, and H. S. Ward (1964) “Determination of the Natural Period of Buildings,” Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 54, No. 6, pp. 1743-1756.
 M. D. Trifunac (1972) “Comparison between Ambient and Forced Vibration Experiments,” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 1, pp. 133-150.
 SAP2000 (2011) Integrated Software for Structural Analysis & Design. Computers & Structures, Inc., Berkeley, California, USA.
 T. M. Alguhane (2014) "Monitoring of Buildings Structures in Madinah", Ph.D., Ain Shams University Faculty of Engineering 2014.
 Saudi Building Code - Structural requirements for Loads and Forces - SBC 301 (2007).
 ASCE 7-10 (2010) "Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures", Published by the American Society of Civil Engineers, ASCE/SEI 7-10.