Effect of Different Microbial Strains on Biological Pretreatment of Sugarcane Bagasse for Enzymatic Hydrolysis
Among agricultural residues, sugarcane bagasse is one of the most convincing raw materials for the production of bioethanol due to its availability, and low cost through enzymatic hydrolysis and yeast fermentation. A pretreatment step is needed to enhance the enzymatic step. In this study, sugarcane bagasse (SCB), one of the most abundant agricultural residues in Thailand, was pretreated biologically with various microorganisms of white-rot fungus—Phanerochaete sordid (SK 7), Cellulomonas sp. (TISTR 784), and strain A 002 (Bacillus subtilis isolated from Thai higher termites). All samples with various microbial pretreatments were further hydrolyzed enzymatically by a commercial enzyme obtained from Aspergillus niger. The results showed that the pretreatment with the white-rot fungus gave the highest glucose concentration around two-fold higher when compared with the others.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1094657Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF
 P. Kumar, D. M. Barrett, M. J. Delwiche, and P. Stroeve, "Methods for pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for efficient hydrolysis and biofuel production,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 3713-3729, 2009.
 Y. Sun, and J. Cheng, "Hydrolysis of lignocellulosic materials for ethanol production: a review,” Bioresource technology, vol. 83, no. 1, pp. 1-11, 2002.
 N. Narayanaswamy, P. Dheeran, S. Verma, and S. Kumar, "Biological Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass for Enzymatic Saccharification," Pretreatment Techniques for Biofuels and Biorefineries, pp. 3-34: Springer, 2013.
 J. Lee, K. Gwak, J. Park, M. Park, D. Choi, M. Kwon, and I. Choi, "Biological pretreatment of softwood Pinus densiflora by three white rot fungi,” Journal of Microbiology-Seoul-, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 485, 2007.
 C. Xu, F. Ma, X. Zhang, and S. Chen, "Biological pretreatment of corn stover by Irpex lacteus for enzymatic hydrolysis,” Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, vol. 58, no. 20, pp. 10893-10898, 2010.
 L. P. Ramos, "The chemistry involved in the steam treatment of lignocellulosic materials,” Química Nova, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 863-871, 2003.
 P. Alvira, E. Tomás-Pejó, M. Ballesteros, and M. Negro, "Pretreatment technologies for an efficient bioethanol production process based on enzymatic hydrolysis: a review,” Bioresource technology, vol. 101, no. 13, pp. 4851-4861, 2010.
 K. Taechapoempol, T. Sreethawong, P. Rangsunvigit, W. Namprohm, B. Thamprajamchit, S. Rengpipat, and S. Chavadej, "Cellulase-producing bacteria from Thai higher termites, Microcerotermes sp.: enzymatic activities and ionic liquid tolerance,” Applied biochemistry and biotechnology, vol. 164, no. 2, pp. 204-219, 2011.
 M. Wenzel, I. Schönig, M. Berchtold, P. Kämpfer, and H. König, "Aerobic and facultatively anaerobic cellulolytic bacteria from the gut of the termite Zootermopsis angusticollis,” Journal of applied microbiology, vol. 92, no. 1, pp. 32-40, 2002.
 K. Apun, "Cellulase production,” 1995, Available online at http://www.ncbe.reading.ac.uk/ncbe/protocols/PRACBIOTECH/PDF/ cellprod.pdf.
 V. Sripat, "pretreatment of Eucalypytus wood using tropical strainsof white rot fungi for kraft puling,” Chulalongkorn University, Thailand, 2013.
 C. Liew, A. Husaini, H. Hussain, S. Muid, K. Liew, and H. Roslan, "Lignin biodegradation and ligninolytic enzyme studies during biopulping of Acacia mangium wood chips by tropical white rot fungi,” World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 1457-1468, 2011.
 K.-L. Chang, J. Thitikorn-amorn, J.-F. Hsieh, B.-M. Ou, S.-H. Chen, K. Ratanakhanokchai, P.-J. Huang, and S.-T. Chen, "Enhanced enzymatic conversion with freeze pretreatment of rice straw,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 90-95, 2011.
 K. Pandey, and A. Pitman, "FTIR studies of the changes in wood chemistry following decay by brown-rot and white-rot fungi,” International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 151-160, 2003.
 X. Yang, Y. Zeng, F. Ma, X. Zhang, and H. Yu, "Effect of biopretreatment on thermogravimetric and chemical characteristics of corn stover by different white-rot fungi,” Bioresource technology, vol. 101, no. 14, pp. 5475-5479, 2010.
 D. Ciolacu, F. Ciolacu, and V. I. Popa, "Amorphous cellulose—structure and characterization,” Cellulose chemistry and technology, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 13, 2011.
 X.-B. Zhao, L. Wang, and D.-H. Liu, "Peracetic acid pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse for enzymatic hydrolysis: a continued work,” Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, vol. 83, no. 6, pp. 950-956, 2008.
 S. Kim, and M. T. Holtzapple, "Effect of structural features on enzyme digestibility of corn stover,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 97, no. 4, pp. 583-591, 2006.
 Z. Gao, T. Mori, and R. Kondo, "The pretreatment of corn stover with Gloeophyllum trabeum KU-41 for enzymatic hydrolysis,” Biotechnol Biofuels, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1-11, 2012.
 T. Jeoh, C. I. Ishizawa, M. F. Davis, M. E. Himmel, W. S. Adney, and D. K. Johnson, "Cellulase digestibility of pretreated biomass is limited by cellulose accessibility,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering, vol. 98, no. 1, pp. 112-122, 2007.
 R. Millati, S. Syamsiah, C. Niklasson, M. Nur Cahyanto, K. Lundquist, and M. J. Taherzadeh, "Biological pretreatment of lignocelluloses with white-rot fungi and its applications: a review,” BioResources, vol. 6, no. 4, 2011.
 F.-h. Sun, J. Li, Y.-x. Yuan, Z.-y. Yan, and X.-f. Liu, "Effect of biological pretreatment with Trametes hirsuta yj9 on enzymatichydrolysis of corn stover,” International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, vol. 65, no. 7, pp. 931-938, 10//, 2011.
 M. Kurakake, N. Ide, and T. Komaki, "Biological pretreatment with two bacterial strains for enzymatic hydrolysis of office paper,” Current microbiology, vol. 54, no. 6, pp. 424-428, 2007.
 P. Singh, A. Suman, P. Tiwari, N. Arya, A. Gaur, and A. Shrivastava, "Biological pretreatment of sugarcane trash for its conversion to fermentable sugars,” World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 667-673, 2008.
 D. Deswal, R. Gupta, P. Nandal, and R. C. Kuhad, "Fungal pretreatment improves amenability of lignocellulosic material for its saccharification to sugars,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 99, no. 0, pp. 264-269, 1/2/, 2014.
 M. R. L. T. A. Hsu, and G. T. Tsao, "Alcohol from cellulose,” Chemical Technology, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 315-319, 1980.
 J. Ramos, T. Rojas, F. Navarro, F. Dávalos, R. Sanjuán, J. Rutiaga, and R. A. Young, "Enzymatic and Fungal Treatments on Sugarcane Bagasse for the Production of Mechanical Pulps,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 52, no. 16, pp. 5057-5062, 2004/08/01, 2004.
 M. Galbe, and G. Zacchi, "Pretreatment: The key to efficient utilization of lignocellulosic materials,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 46, no. 0, pp. 70-78, 11//, 2012.