A Review of Control Schemes for Active Power Filters in Order to Power Quality Improvement
Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32912
A Review of Control Schemes for Active Power Filters in Order to Power Quality Improvement

Authors: Mohammad Hasan Raouf, Azim Nowbakht, Mohammad Bagher Haddadi, Mohammad Reza Tabatabaei


Power quality has become a very important issue recently due to the impact on electricity suppliers, equipment manufacturers and customers. Power quality is described as the variation of voltage, current and frequency in a power system. Voltage magnitude is one of the major factors that determine the quality of power. Indeed, custom power technology, the low-voltage counterpart of the more widely known flexible ac transmission system (FACTS) technology, aimed at high-voltage power transmission applications, has emerged as a credible solution to solve many problems relating to power quality problems. There are various power quality problems such as voltage sags, swells, flickers, interruptions and harmonics etc. Active Power Filter (APF) is one of the custom power devices and can mitigate harmonics, reactive power and unbalanced load currents originating from load side. In this study, an extensive review of APF studies, the advantages and disadvantages of each introduced methods are presented. The study also helps the researchers to choose the optimum control techniques and power circuit configuration for APF applications.

Keywords: Power Quality, Custom Power, Active Filter, Control Approach.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1094074

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 3442


[1] V. Khadkikar, A. Chandra, B.N. Singh, "Generalized single-phase p-q theory for active power filtering: simulation and DSP-based experimental investigation”, Power Electronics, IET, 2: 67-78, 2009.
[2] A. Luo, Z. Shuai, W. Zhu, "Combined system for harmonic suppression and reactive power compensation”, Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions, 56: 418-428, 2009.
[3] S. Charles, and G. Bhuvaneswari, "Comparison of three phase shunt active power filter algorithms,” International Journal of Computer and Electrical Engineering, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 175- 180, Feb. 2010.
[4] S.P. Litran, P. Salmeron, J.R. Vazquez, and J.L. Flores, "Compensation of voltage unbalance and current harmonics with a series active power filter,” Renewable Energy & Power Quality Journal, no. 3, Mar. 2005.
[5] H. Fujita, "A single-phase active filter using an H-bridge PWM converter with a sampling frequency quadruple of the switching frequency”, Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions, 24: 934-941, 2009.
[6] H.L. Jou, K.D. Wu, J.C. Wu, W. Chiang, "A three-phase four-wire power filter comprising a three-phase three-wire active power filter and a zig–zag transformer”, Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions, 23: 252-259, 2008.
[7] O. Vodyakho, T. Kim, "Shunt active filter based on three-level inverter for three-phase four-wire systems”, Power Electronics, IET, 2: 216-226, 2009.
[8] B. Singh, K. Al-Haddad, A. Chandra, "A review of active filters for power quality improvement”, IEEE Tran. Industrial Electronics, 46: 960–971, 1999.
[9] S. Rahmani, K. Al-Haddad, and H.Y. Kanaan, "A comparative study of shunt hybrid and shunt active power filters for single-phase applications: Simulation and experimental validation,” Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, vol. 71, no. 4, pp. 345-359, Jun. 2006.
[10] T. Mahalekshmi, "Current harmonic compensation and power factor improvement by hybrid shunt active power filter,” International Journal of Computer Applications (0975– 8887), vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 9-13, Jul. 2010.
[11] N.A. Rahim, W.P. Hew, S.H. Lim, "Simple control strategy for fuzzy logic controlled active power filter”, 10th Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Applications, National University of Kaohsiung, 2005.
[12] B. Brahim, B. Chellali, D. Rachid, F. Brahim, "Optimization of shunt active power filter system fuzzy logic controller based on ant colony algorithm”, Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, 14: 117-125, 2010.
[13] M.A.M. Radzi, N.A. Rahim, "Neural network and bandless hysteresis approach to control switched capacitor active power filter for reduction of harmonics”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 56: 1477-1484, 2009.
[14] P. Flores, J. Dixon, M. Ortuzar, R. Carmi, P. Barriuso, L. Moran, "Static VAr compensator and active power filter with power injection capability using 27-level inverters and photovoltaic cells”, Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions, 56: 130-138, 2009.
[15] K.R. Uyyuru, M. Mishra, K.A. Ghosh, "An optimization-based algorithm for shunt active filter under distorted supply voltages”, Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions, 24: 1223-1232, 2009.
[16] O.S. Senturk, A.M. Hava, "High performance harmonic isolation and load voltage regulation of the three-phase series active filter utilizing the waveform reconstruction method”, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 45: 2030-2038, 2009.
[17] A. Luo, Z. Shuai, W. Zhu, Z.J. Shen, C. Tu, "Design and application of a hybrid active power filter with injection circuit”, Power Electronics, IET, 3: 54–64, 2010.
[18] P. Salmeron, S.P. Litran, "Improvement of the electric power quality using series active and shunt passive filters,” Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions, 25: 1058–1067, 2010.
[19] A.M. Massoud, S.J. Finney, B.W. Williams, "Seven-level shunt active power filter”, Harmonics and Quality of Power, International Conference, 11: 136-141, 2004.
[20] P. Xiao, G.K. Venayagamoorthy, K.A. Corzine, "Seven-level shunt active power filter for high-power drive systems”, Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions , 24: 6-13, 2009.
[21] N.Y. Dai, M.C. Wong, N. Fan, Y.D. Han, "A FPGA-based generalized pulse width modulator for three-leg center-split and four-leg voltage source inverters”, Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions, 23: 1472-1484, 2008.
[22] P.H. Henning, H.D. Fuchs, A.D.L. Roux, H.A.T. Mouton, "1.5-MW seven-cell series-stacked converter as an active power filter and regeneration converter for a DC traction substation”, Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions, 23: 2230-2236, 2008.
[23] M. Routimo, H. Tuusa, "LCL type supply filter for active power filter, comparison of an active and a passive method for resonance damping” IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 2939-2945, 2007.
[24] http://www.ablerex-ups.com.sg/note.pdf, (available on-line), 2010.
[25] O.C.C. Vodyakho Mi, "Three-level inverter-based shunt active power filter in three-phase three-wire and four-wire systems”, IEEE transactions on power electronics, 24: 2009.
[26] S.H. Fathi, M. Pishvaei, G.B. Gharehpetian, "A frequency domain method for instantaneous determination of reference current in shunt active filter”, TENCON, IEEE Region 10 Conference, 1-4, 2006.
[27] Z. Salam, P. C. Tan, A. Jusoh, "Harmonics mitigation using active power filter: A technological review”, Harmonics Mitigation Using Active Power Filter: A Technological Review, Elektrika Journal of Electrical Engineering, 8: 17-26, 2006.
[28] A. Maurício, A. Hirofumi, H.W. Edson, S. Eumir, F.E. Lucas, "Comparisons between the p-q and p-q-r theories in three-phase four-wire systems”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 24(4): 2009.
[29] S.A.O. Silva, R. Novochadlo, R.A. Modesto, "Single-phase PLL structure using modified p-q theory for utility connected systems” IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 4706-4711, 2008.
[30] D. Li, Q. Chen, Z. Jia, C. Zhang, "A high-power active filtering system with fundamental magnetic flux compensation”, Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions, 21: 823-830, 2006.
[31] M. Mojiri, M.G. Karimi, A. Bakhshai, "Processing of harmonics and interharmonics using an adaptive notch filter”, Power Delivery IEEE Transactions., 25: 534–542, 2010.
[32] H. Karimi, M. Karimi-Ghartemani, M.R. Iravani, A.R. Bakhshai, "Adaptive filter for synchronous extraction of harmonics and distortions”, IEEE transactions on power delivery, 18(4): 2003.
[33] H.J. Azevedo, J.M. Ferreira, A.P. Martins, A.S. Carvalho, "An active power filter with direct current control for power quality conditioning”, Electric Power Components and Systems, 36: 587-601, 2008.
[34] M. Pucci, M. Vitale, A. G. Miraoui, "Current harmonic compensation by a single-phase shunt active power filter controlled by adaptive neural filtering”, Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions, 56: 3128-3143, 2009.
[35] H. Zhang, A.M. Massoud, S.J. Finney, Williams B.W., Fletcher J.E., "Operation of an active power filter with line voltage SVM under non-ideal conditions”, Compatibility in Power Electronics, 1-7, 2007.
[36] J. Matas, L.G. Vicuna, J. Miret, J.M. Guerrero, M. Castilla, "Feedback linearization of a single-phase active power filter via sliding mode control”, Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions, 23: 116-125, 2008.
[37] Y. Qu, W. Tan, Y. Yang, "A fuzzy adaptive detecting approach of harmonic currents for active power filter”, Power Electronics and Drive Systems, 7th International Conference, 1695-1699, 2007.
[38] M.C. Jiang, "Analysis and design of a novel three-phase active power filter”, Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions, 37: 824-831, (2001).
[39] A. Bhattacharya, C. Chakraborty, "ANN based harmonic compensation for shunt active power filter with capacitor voltage based predictive technique”, Industrial and Information Systems, IEEE Third international Conference, 1-6, 2008.
[40] P. Kumar, A. Mahajan, "Soft computing techniques for the control of an active power filter”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 24: 452-461, 2009.
[41] H. Zhang, J.S. Finney, A. Massoud, B.W. Williams, "An SVM algorithm to balance the capacitor voltages of the three-level NPC active power filter”, Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions, 23: 2694–2702, 2008.