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On the Design of Electronic Control Unitsfor the Safety-Critical Vehicle Applications

Authors: Hyun-Sik Ahn, Kyung-Jung Lee

Abstract:

This paper suggests a design methodology for the hardware and software of the electronic control unit (ECU) of safety-critical vehicle applications such as braking and steering. The architecture of the hardware is a high integrity system such thatit incorporates a high performance 32-bit CPU and a separate peripheral controlprocessor (PCP) together with an external watchdog CPU. Communication between the main CPU and the PCP is executed via a common area of RAM and events on either processor which are invoked by interrupts. Safety-related software is also implemented to provide a reliable, self-testing computing environment for safety critical and high integrity applications. The validity of the design approach is shown by using the hardware-in-the-loop simulation (HILS)for electric power steering(EPS) systemswhich consists of the EPS mechanism, the designed ECU, and monitoring tools.

Keywords: hardware-in-the-loop simulation, electronic control unit, functional safety, electric power steering

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1091962

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