Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30178
Mechanical Behaviour of Sisal Fibre Reinforced Cement Composites

Authors: M. Aruna

Abstract:

Emphasis on the advancement of new materials and technology has been there for the past few decades. The global development towards using cheap and durable materials from renewable resources contributes to sustainable development. An experimental investigation of mechanical behaviour of sisal fibre-reinforced concrete is reported for making a suitable building material in terms of reinforcement. Fibre reinforced Composite is one such material, which has reformed the concept of high strength. Sisal fibres are abundantly available in the hot areas. Sisal fibre has emerged as a reinforcing material for concretes, used in civil structures. In this work, properties such as hardness and tensile strength of sisal fibre reinforced cement composites with 6, 12, 18 and 24% by weight of sisal fibres were assessed. Sisal fibre reinforced cement composite slabs with long sisal fibres were manufactured using a cast hand lay up technique. Mechanical response was measured under tension. The high energy absorption capacity of the developed composite system was reflected in high toughness values under tension respectively. 

Keywords: Sisal fibre, fibre-reinforced concrete, mechanical behaviour.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1091698

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 3678

References:


[1] M. RaNilsson, L. 1975: "Reinforcement of concrete with sisal and other vegetable fibres”, Stockholm: Swedish council for building research, Number 4, 68 pp.
[2] Mattoso, L. H. C., F. C.Ferreira, A. A. S.Curvelo, 1997: "Sisal fiber: Morphology and applications in polymer composites”, Lignocellulosic-plastics composites - sãopaulo: usp/unesp, 21-51.
[3] Romildo Dias Toledo Filho, Kuruvilla Joseph, Khosrow Ghavami and George Leslie England, 1999: "The use of sisal fibre as reinforcement in cement based composites”. Revistabrasileira de engenhariaagrícola e ambiental. Volume3, Number 2, 253–256.
[4] Cappelen, P. 1978: "Roof sheets made of sisal reinforced concrete”. Building Research Unit, Ministry of Lands Housing and Urban Development. Working Report, WR 14, 1-7.
[5] Bru Data Sheet, 1978: "Roof sheets made of sisal reinforced concrete”. Dar es Salaam: Building Research Unit, 1-8.
[6] Mwamila, B.L.M., 1979: "Flexural behaviour of concrete elements reinforced with sisal fibres”. Dar es Salaam: University of Dar es Salaam, 185pp.
[7] Mwamila, B.L.M., 1987: "Characteristics of natural fibrous reinforcement in cement-based matrices”. Symposium on building materials for low income housing, Bangkok, Thailand, Jan. 20-26, 87-93.
[8] Mawenya, A.S.; Mwamila, B.L.M., 1979: "Characteristics of sisal as a reinforcing fibre”. Faculty of Engineering, University of Dar es Salaam, 1-22pp.
[9] Swift, D.G., R. S.L. Smith, 1978: "Sisal fibre reinforcement of cement paste and concrete”. In: Materials of construction for developing countries, Angkok, 221-233.
[10] Swift, D. G., R.S.L. Smith, 1979: "Sisal-cement composites as low cost construction materials”. Appropriate Technology, London, Volume6, Number 3, 6-8.
[11] Silva, F.A., N. Chawla, R.D. Toledo Filho, 2008: "Tensile behavior of high performance natural (Sisal) fibers”, Comp. Sci. Technol. Volume 68, 3438–3443.
[12] Choi, Y., Yuan, R.L, 2005: Experimental relationship between splitting tensile strength and compressive strength of GFRC and PFRC. Cement & Concrete Research 35(4), 1587–1591.