Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30075
Vibration, Lubrication and Machinery Consideration for a Mixer Gearbox Related to Iran Oil Industries

Authors: Omid A. Zargar


In this paper, some common gearboxes vibration analysis methods and condition monitoring systems are explained. In addition, an experimental gearbox vibration analysis is discussed through a critical case history for a mixer gearbox related to Iran oil industry. The case history also consists of gear manufacturing (machining) recommendations, lubrication condition of gearbox and machinery maintenance activities that caused reduction in noise and vibration of the gearbox. Besides some of the recent patents and innovations in gearboxes, lubrication and vibration monitoring systems explained. Finally micro pitting and surface fatigue in pinion and bevel of mentioned horizontal to vertical gearbox discussed in details.

Keywords: Gear box, condition monitoring, time wave form (TWF), fast Fourier transform (FFT), gear mesh frequency (GMF), Shock Pulse measurement (SPM), bearing condition unit (BCU), pinion, bevel gear, micro pitting, surface fatigue.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 3860


[1] Vibration School Website (2013); available online at:
[2] I Learn Vibration-Training Website (2013); available online at:
[3] Brüel&Kjær Website (2013); available online at:
[4] Rontu, J., Szanti, G.; and Mäsä, E. (2010). Drive Line Analysis for Tooth Contact Optimization of High Power Spiral Bevel Gears. Journal of American Gear Manufacturers Association, 4(2), 990-995.
[5] KISSsoft– Tutorial 15 Bevel Gears (2012); available online at: www.KISSsoft.AG.
[6] Fong, Z.H.; and Tsay, C.B. (2013).Kinematical Optimization of Spiral Bevel Gears. Mir Publication, Moscow.
[7] Kohaupt, L. (2013).Application of Mathematical Optimization of Spiral Bevel Gears. Mir Publication, Moscow.
[8] Brecher, C., Klocke, F., Brumm, M.; and Hardjosuwito A. (2013). Analysis and Optimization of Bevel Gear Cutting Processive by Means of Manufacturing Simulation. International Journal of Modern Mechanical Engineering, 17(2), 73-84.
[9] Methods for Designing and Manufacturing Straight Bevel Gears That Are Stronger and More Cost-Effective than Ever Before. Magazine Gear Solutions, 14(3), 23-26.
[10] Ali Zargar O.2013. Vibration Analysis of an Alstom Typhoon Gas Turbine Power Plant Related to Iran Oil Industry. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology. International Journal of Mechanical, Industrial Science and Engineering Vol: 7 No: 11.
[11] Howes B.C.2001. A Gearbox Vibration - Fact or Fiction. Beta Machinery Analysis Ltd. Calgary AB, Canada, T3C 0J7.
[12] Shafei A.E.2005.Gearbox Fault Diagnosis. Managing Director, RITEC Cairo, Egypt.
[13] Diwakar G. Satyanarayana M.R.S and Kumar P.R.2012. Detection of Gear Fault Using Vibration Analysis. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering.2 (9):123-137.
[14] Shipley, E.E.1967. Gear Failures, How to Recognize Them? What Causes Them? How to Avoid Them? Mechanical Transmission, Mechanical Technology Inc. Latham. New York.
[15] Errichello R.L.2012. Morphology of Micro Pitting. Gear Technology. November/December 2012:74-81.
[16] Predki W, Nazifi K and Lutzig G.2011. Micro pitting of Big Gearboxes: Influence of Flank Modification and Surface Roughness. Gear Technology. May 2011:42-46.
[17] Hailiang, S., Yanyang, Z., Zhengjia, H., Jing, Y., Xiaodong, W.; and Lue C. (2013). Customized Multi Wavelets for Planetary Gearbox Fault Detection Based On Vibration Sensor Signals. Open Access Journal of Sensors (mdpi); 13(7), 1192-1200.
[18] Hariharan, V.; and Srinivasan, P.S.S, (2010).Vibrational Analysis of Flexible Coupling by Considering Unbalance. World Applied Sciences Journal, 8(4), 1022-1026.
[19] Mohamadi, S., Monavar, H., Ahmadi, H., Mohtasebi, S.S. (2008). Prediction of Defects in Roller Bearings Using Vibration Signal Analysis. World Applied Sciences Journal, 4(7), 152-153.
[20] Gopinath K.; and Mayuram, M.M. (2010). Gear Failure Machine Design II. Scientific Bulletin Indian Institute of Technology Madras, 6(2), 3-17.
[21] Yoshida, N.; and Taki, T. (2008).Micro Pitting Generation Mechanism for Gears. International journal of Automation Technology, 2(4), 1-2.
[22] Hassan, M.; Farooq, R., (2009). Photo Catalytic Oxidation of Surfactant Hexadecyltrimethyl-Ammonium Bromide in Aqueous Diluted Solutions. World Applied Sciences Journal, 7(3), 7-9.
[23] Akhshabi, M.; and New Fuzzy, A. (2010).Multi Criteria Model for Maintenance Policy. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 10(6), 33-38.
[24] Kasim, M.S., CheHaron, C.H., Ghani, J.A.; Sulaiman, M.A., (2013). Prediction Surface Roughness in High-Speed Milling of Inconel 718 under Mql Using Rsm Method .Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 13(4), 266-268.
[25] Rasid, A.F.A., Mohamad, T.I., Ghazali, M.J.; and Mahmood, W.M.F.W. (2012). Effects of Lubricant Temperature in a Motorized Engine. World Applied Sciences Journal, 20(6), 928-929.
[26] Chowdhury, M.A., Nuruzzaman, D.M., Kumar Roy, D., KantiDey, P., Mostafa, M.G., Islam M.S.; and Rashed Mia M.D. (2013).Experimental Investigation on Friction and Wear of Stainless Steel 304 Sliding Against Different Pin Materials. World Applied Sciences Journal, 22(4), 1708-1710.
[27] Sukirno, A., Fajar R., Bismo,S.; and Nasikin, M., (2009). Bio grease Based on Palm Oil and Lithium Soap Thickener: Evaluation of Anti Wear Property. World Applied Sciences Journal, 6(7), 404-406.
[28] Nuawi, M.Z., Muhamad, T.I., Hussin, M.F.H., Abdullah, S.; and Zulkifli, R. (2010). Preliminary Study of Condition Based Monitoring on Automotive Gearbox Using Ultrasonic Signal. World Applied Sciences Journal, 9(6), 118-121.