Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31093
Comparison of Conventional and “ECO“Transportation Pavements in Cyprus using Life Cycle Approach

Authors: Constantia Achilleos, Diofantos G. Hadjimitsis


Road industry has challenged the prospect of ecoconstruction. Pavements may fit within the framework of sustainable development. Hence, research implements assessments of conventional pavements impacts on environment in use of life cycle approach. To meet global, and often national, targets on pollution control, newly introduced pavement designs are under study. This is the case of Cyprus demonstration, which occurred within EcoLanes project work. This alternative pavement differs on concrete layer reinforced with tire recycling product. Processing of post-consumer tires produces steel fibers improving strength capacity against cracking. Thus maintenance works are relevantly limited in comparison to flexible pavement. This enables to be more ecofriendly, referenced to current study outputs. More specific, proposed concrete pavement life cycle processes emits 15 % less air pollutants and consumes 28 % less embodied energy than those of the asphalt pavement. In addition there is also a reduction on costs by 0.06 %.

Keywords: Life Cycle, Environmental Impact Assessment, tirerecycling, transportation pavement

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1874


[1] European Environment Agency, "Greenhouse gas emission trends and projections in Europe 2007 - Cyprus profile," EEA Report No 5/2007, 2007 (Online). Available:
[2] U.-M. Mroueh, et al, "Life cycle assessment of road construction," Finnish National Road Administration , Finland, Finnra Rep. 17/2000, 1999.
[3] H. Stripple, "Life cycle assessment of road - a pilot study for inventory analysis," IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden, 2001, (2nd ed.).
[4] Athena Institute, "A life cycle perspective on concrete and asphalt roadways: embodied primary energy and global warming potentials," Rep. A-1, Canada, 2006.
[5] D. G. Hadjimitsis, K. Themistocleous and C. Achilleos, "Life cycle costing of a new transportation pavement constructed in the Paphos district area in Cyprus as a pilot study of the EcoLanes project," presented at the CEMEPE & SECOTOX Con., Mykonos, GR, June 21- 26, 2009.
[6] D. G. Hadjimitsis et al, "Life cycle costing and assessment for innovative transportation pavement in Cyprus," presented at the In. Con. MAIRE PAV 6, Torino, IT, July 8-10, 2009.
[7] H. Zhang, G. A. Keoleian and M. D. Lepech, "An integrated life cycle assessment and life cycle analysis model for pavement overlay systems," in Proc. 1st International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, Varenna, Italy, 2008, pp 907-912.
[8] L. Roth and M. Eklund, "Environmental evaluation of reuse of byproducts as road construction materials in Sweden," Waste Management, vol. 23, pp. 107-116, 2003.
[9] H. Birgisd├│ttir, G. Bhander, M. Z. Hauschild and T. H. Christensen, "Life cycle assessment of disposal of residues from municipal solid waste incineration: recycling of bottom ash in road construction or landfilling in Denmark evaluated in the ROAD-RES model," Waste Management, vol. 27, pp. 75-84, 2007.
[10] S. Shahinaz, A. Ventura, T. Hoang, D. François and A. Jullien, "Sensitivity of the LCA allocation procedure for BFS recycled into pavement structures," Recourses, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 54, pp. 348-358, April 2010.
[11] U.-M. Mroueh, P. Eskola and J. Laine-Ylijoki, "Life-cycle impact of the use of industrial by-products in road and earth construction", Waste Management, vol. 21, pp. 271-277, June 2001.
[12] R. Chowdhury, D. Apul and T. Fry, "A life cycle based environmental impacts assessment of construction materials used in road construction," Recourses, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 54, pp. 250-255, February 2010.
[13] D. G. Hadjimitsis, et al, "Environmental impact and energy consumption of transport pavements in Cyprus," in Proc. 11th Int. Con. on Environmental Science, Crete, 2009, pp. A-419-425.
[14] K. Neocleous, et al, "Development of a new type of concrete pavements: demonstration road in Pafos," "╬æ╬¢╬¼¤Ç¤ä¤à╬¥╬À ╬¢╬¡╬┐¤à ¤ä¤ì¤Ç╬┐¤à ╬┐╬┤╬┐¤â¤ä¤ü¤Ä╬╝╬▒¤ä╬┐¤é ¤â╬║¤à¤ü╬┐╬┤╬¡╬╝╬▒¤ä╬┐¤é: ¤Ç╬╣λ╬┐¤ä╬╣╬║¤î¤é ╬┤¤ü¤î╬╝╬┐¤é ¤â¤ä╬À ╬á╬¼¤å╬┐ (in Greek)," in Proc. 16th Hellenic Concrete Con., Paphos, 2009, Vol. D, pp 489-500.