**Commenced**in January 2007

**Frequency:**Monthly

**Edition:**International

**Paper Count:**30184

##### Current Distribution and Cathode Flooding Prediction in a PEM Fuel Cell

**Authors:**
A. Jamekhorshid,
G. Karimi,
I. Noshadi,
A. Jahangiri

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Current distribution,
Flooding,
Hydrogen energysystem,
PEM fuel cell.

**Digital Object Identifier (DOI):**
doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1071716

**References:**

[1] F. Barbir, PEM Fuel Cells: Theory and Practice. USA: Elsevier Academic Press, 2005.

[2] C. K. Dyer, "Fuel Cells for Portable Applications," J. Power Sources, vol. 106, pp. 31-34, 2002.

[3] J. J. Hwang, D. Y. Wang, and N. C. Shih, "Development of a Lightweight Fuel Cell Vehicle," J. Power Sources, vol. 141, pp. 108- 115, 2005.

[4] S. J. C. Cleghorn, C. R. Derouin, M. S. Wilson, and S. Gottesfeld, "A Printed Circuit Board Approach to Measuring Current Distribution in a Fuel Cell," J. Applied Electrochemistry, vol. 28, pp. 663-672, 1998.

[5] J. J. Hwnag, W. R. Chang, R. G. Penng, P. Y. Chen, and A. Su, "Experimental and Numerical Studies of Local Current Mapping on a PEM Fuel Cell," Int. J. of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 33, pp. 5718-5727, 2008.

[6] F. B. Weng, A. Su, G. B. Jung, Y. C. Chiu, and S. H. Chan, "Numerical Prediction of Concentration and Current Distributions in PEMFC," J. Power Sources, vol. 145, pp. 546-554, 2005.

[7] C. Wieser, A. Helmbold, and E. Glzow, "A New Technique for Two- Dimensional Current Distribution Measurements in Electrochemical Cells," J. Applied Electrochemistry, vol. 30, pp. 803-807, 2000.

[8] J. J. Baschuk, and X. Li, "Modelling of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells with Variable Degrees of Water Flooding," J. Power Sources, vol. 86, pp. 181-196, 2000.

[9] J. Larminie, and A. Dicks, Fuel Cell Systems Explained, John Wiley and Sons, 2003.

[10] A. Hakenjos, H. Muenter, U. Wittstadt, and C. Hebling, "A PEM Fuel Cell for Combined Measurement of Current and Temperature Distribution, and Flow Field Flooding," J. Power Sources, vol. 131, pp. 213-216, 2004.

[11] M. Noponen, T. Mennola, M. Mikkola, T. Hottinen, and P. Lund, "Measurement of Current Distribution in a Free-Breathing PEMFC," J. Power Sources, vol. 106, pp. 304-312, 2002.

[12] Y. G. Yoon, W. Y. Lee, T. H. Yang, G. G. Park, and C. S. Kim, "Current Distribution in a Single Cell of PEMFC," J. Power Sources, vol. 118, pp. 193-199, 2003.

[13] G. Bender, M. S. Wilson, and T. A. Zawodzinski, "Further Refinements in the Segmented Cell Approach to Diagnosing Performance in Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells," J. Power Sources, vol. 123, pp. 163-171, 2003.

[14] A. B. Geiger, R. Eckl, A. Wokaun, and G.G. Scherer, "An approach to measuring locally resolved currents in polymer electrolyte fuel cells," J. Electrochem. Soc., vol. 151, pp. A394-A398, 2004.

[15] M. M. Mench, C. Y. Wang, and M. Ishikawa, "In Situ Current Distribution Measurements in Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells," J. Electrochem. Soc., vol. 150, pp. A1052-A1059, 2003.

[16] Z. Liu, Z. Mao, and C. Wang, "A Two Dimensional Partial Flooding Model for PEMFC," J. Power Sources, vol. 158, pp. 1229-1239, 2006.

[17] J. J. Baschuk, and X. Li, "A general formulation for a mathematical PEM fuel cell model," J. Power Sources, vol. 142, pp. 134-153, 2004.

[18] G. Inoue, Y. Matsukuma, and M. Minemoto, "Effect of gas channel depth on current density distribution of polymer electrolyte fuel cell by numerical analysis including gas flow through gas diffusion layer," J. Power Sources, vol. 157, pp. 136-152, 2006.

[19] X. Li, Principles of Fuel Cells. New York: Taylor & Francis, 2006.

[20] G. Karimi, F. Jafarpour, and X. Li, "Characterization of flooding and two-phase flow in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell stacks," J. Power Sources, vol. 187, pp. 156-164, 2009.

[21] A. Jamekhorshid, G. Karimi, and X. Li, "Current Distribution in a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell under Flooding Conditions," in Proc. 7th Int. Fuel Cell Science, Engineering & Technology Conf., California, 2009.

[22] T. V. Nguyen, and R. E. White, "A Water and Heat Management Model for Proton-Exchange-Membrane Fuel Cells," J. Electrochem. Soc., vol. 140, pp. 2178-2186, 1993.

[23] T. E. Springer, T. A. Zawodzinski, and S. Gottesfeld, "Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Model," J. Electrochem. Soc., vol. 138, pp. 2334-2342, 1991.

[24] C. L. Marr, "Performance Modelling of a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell," M.S. Thesis Dept. Mech. Eng., University of Victoria, Canada, 1996.

[25] D. M. Bernardi, and M. W. Verbrugge, "A Mathematical Model of the Solid-Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cell," J. Electrochem. Soc., vol. 139, pp. 2477-2491, 1992.

[26] S. Kakac, R. S. Shah, and W. Aung, Handbook of Single-phase Convective Heat Transfer. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1987, pp. 345-349.

[27] Chemical Engineering Handbook, 5th ed., McGraw-Hill, 1983.