Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30855
Computational Study of Improving the Efficiency of Photovoltaic Panels in the UAE
Abstract:Various solar energy technologies exist and they have different application techniques in the generation of electrical power. The widespread use of photovoltaic (PV) modules in such technologies has been limited by relatively high costs and low efficiencies. The efficiency of PV panels decreases as the operating temperatures increase. This is due to the affect of solar intensity and ambient temperature. In this work, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) was used to model the heat transfer from a standard PV panel and thus determine the rate of dissipation of heat. To accurately model the specific climatic conditions of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), a case study of a new build green building in Dubai was used. A finned heat pipe arrangement is proposed and analyzed to determine the improved heat dissipation and thus improved performance efficiency of the PV panel. A prototype of the arrangement is built for experimental testing to validate the CFD modeling and proof of concept.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1070523Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 3104
 Magazine, Pipeline. Dubai to harness sun & wind to meet power needs. Dubai interact, 2007.
 MASDAR, Abu Dhabi Future Energy Company.
[Cited: 15 March,2010.] http://www.masdar.ae/en/Menu/Index.aspx?MenuID=42&mnu=Pri.
 Masaki Shima, Masao Isomura, Ken-ichiro Wakisaka, Kenji Murata, Makoto Tanaka. The influence of operation tempearture on the output properties of amorphous silison-realted solar cells. Japan : Science Direct, 2005.
 Radziemska, E. The effect of temperature on the power drop crystalline silicon solar cells. Poland : Science Direct, 2003.
 Beach, R.T and White R.M. Heat Pipe for Passive Cooling of Concentrator Solar Cells. Florida: Science Direct, 1981.
 Farahat M.A. Improvement in the Thermal Electric Performance of a Photovoltaic Cells by Cooling and Concentration Techniques. New York: Science Direct 2004.
 Z. Zhao and C.T. AVEDISIANZ. Enhancing Forced Air Convection Heat Transfer from an Array of Parallel Plate Fins using a Heat Pipe. USA: Science Direct 2007.
 Meneses-Rodriguez et al. Photovoltaic Solar Cells Performance at Elevated Temperatures. Science Direct: 2005.
 Quan Liao. Heat Transfer Performance in 3D Internally Finned Heat Pipe. USA: Science Direct 2007.
 Solar Cell Operation.
[Cited: 15 March 2010.] http://pvcdrom.pveducation.org/index.html.
 Heat Generation of PV Modules.
[Cited: 15 March 2010.] http://pvcdrom.pveducation.org/MODULE/HeatGain.htm
 .Korn, Fabian. Heat pipe and its applications. Sweden : Science direct, 2008.
 Thermal management solutions: Helping chips keep their cool.
[Cited:,15March,2010.] http://nesl.ee.ucla.edu/courses/ee202a/2003f/submissions/hw2/SEYED_ TABATABAEI/.
 Dunn, P.D, and Reay, D.A. Heat Pipe, Fourth Edition. New York : Elsevier Science , 1994.
 Brenan, P.J, and Krolicezak, E.J. Heat Pipe Design Handbook. s.l. : NASA, 1979.
 Anderson, W.G. Intermediate Temperature Fluids for Heat Pipes and LHPs. St. Louis : Science Direct, 2007.
 W.G. Anderson, P.M. Dussinger, D.B. Sarraf and S. Tamanna. Heat Pipe Cooling of Concentrating Photovoltaic Cells. Lancaster : Science Direct, 2005.
 Royal City Contracting L.L.C.
[Cited: 12 February 2010.] http://royalcitycontracting.com/.
[Cited: 20 April 2010.] http://www.eco-block.com/.
 Data Sheet SOL GT-125 and SOL GT-156 - Solarnova.
[Cited: 15 March 2010.] http://www.solarnova.de/GB-downloads.html.