Preliminary Evaluation of Feasibility for Wind Energy Production on Offshore Extraction Platforms
A preliminary evaluation of the feasibility of installing small wind turbines on offshore oil and gas extraction platforms is presented. Some aerodynamic considerations are developed in order to determine the best rotor architecture to exploit the wind potential on such installations, assuming that wind conditions over the platforms are similar to those registered on the roofs of urban buildings. Economical considerations about both advantages and disadvantages of the exploitation of wind energy on offshore extraction platforms with respect to conventional offshore wind plants, is also presented. Finally, wind charts of European offshore winds are presented together with a map of the major offshore installations.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1070019Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1486
 European Wind Energy Association, "Oceans opportunity", www.ewea.org, 2009.
 European Wind Energy Association, "The European offshore wind industry-key trends and statistics 1st half 2012", www.ewea.org, 2012.
 D. Matha, "Model development and loads analysis of an offshore wind turbine on a tension leg platform, with comparison to other floating turbine concepts", Subcontract Report, NREL/SR-500-45891, February 2010.
 S. Butterfield, W. Musial, J. Jonkman, "Engineering Challanges for floating offdhore wind turbines", Conference Paper, NREL/CP-500- 38776, September 2007.
 W. Musial, S. Butterfield, "Energy from offshore wind", Conference Paper, NREL/CP-500-39450, February 2006.
 A. Curvers, J. Pierik, "WP 3: Technologies state of the art", ECN Report.
 S. Li, Y. Li, "Numerical study on the performance effects of solidity on the straight-bladed vertical axes wind turbine", Power and energy Engineering Conference, 2010.
 I. Paraschivoiu, Wind turbine design with emphasis on Darrieus concept, Polytechnic International Press, Canada, 2002.
 M. Raciti Castelli, E. Benini, "Numerical Prediction of the Turbulent Flow over a Flat-Roof Building for VAWT Application", E-NOVA 2011, Campus Pinkafeld, Eisenstadt (Austria), November 24-25, 2011.
 M. Raciti Castelli, E. Benini, "Comparison between Lift and Drag- Driven VAWT Concepts on Low-Wind Site AEO", ICAMME 2012: International Conference on Applied Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering, Venice (Italy), November 28-30, 2011 (in: World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, Issue 59, November 2011, pp. 1677-1682)
 J. C. S├áenz-D├¼ez, E. Jiménez Mac├¼as, J. M. Blanco Barrero, M. Pèrez de la Parte, J. M. Blanco Fern├ández, "Two-Dimensional Model of Wind Flow on Buildings to Optimize the Implementation of Mini Wind Turbines in Urban Spaces", International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality (ICREPQ'10), Granada (Spain), 23-25 March 2010.
 A. Grant, C. Johnstone, N. Kelly, "Urban wind energy conversion: The potential of ducted turbines, Renewable Energy, Volume 33, Issue 6, pp.1157-1163.
 S. Mertens, Wind energy in the built environment, Multiscience Publishing, 2006.
 S. Stankovic, N. Campbell, A. Harries, Urban wind energy, Earthscan, 2009.
 G. J. W. van Bussel, S. M. Mertens, "Small wind turbines for the built environment", EACWE4: the Fourth European & African Conference of Wind Energy, Prague, 11-15 July, 2005.
 M. A. Heat, J. D. Walshe, S. J. Watson, "Estimating the potential yield of small building-mounted wind turbines", Wind Energy, Vol. 10, Issue 2, May/June 2007, pp. 271-287.
 M. Raciti Castelli, A. Villa, E. Benini, "CFD Analysis of the Influence of Central Shaft on Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine Noise Emission", Fourth International Meeting on Wind Turbine Noise, Rome (Italy), April 12-14, 2011.
 S. Mertens, "Wind energy in urban areas: Concentrator effects for wind turbines close to buildings", Refocus, Vol. 3, Issue 2, March-April 2002, pp. 22-24.
 A. G. Dutton, J. A. Halliday, M. J. Blanch, "The feasibility of Building- Mounted/Integrated Wind Turbines (BUWTs): Achieving their potential for carbon emission reductions. Final report", http://eru.rl.ac.uk, 4 May 2005.
 Deflt University Wind Energy Research Institute, "Offshore wind energy - Ready to power a sustainable Europe. Final Report", CA-OWEE Duwind 2001.006, December 2001.
 S. Krohn, P. E. Morthorst, S. Awerbuch, "The economics of wind energy", www.ewea.org, 2009.
 European Wind Energy Association, "Wind energy - the facts : Costs & Prices", www.ewea.org, 2003.
 J. Bard, L. Quesnel, J. E. Hanssen, "Large floating turbines for intermediate water dephts", Wind Power R&D Seminar, Trondheim, 20-21 January 2011.
 J. Bard, "High power, high reliability offshore wind technology", SETPlan, Warsaw, 28-29 November 2011.
 J. Murphy, K. Lynch, L. Serri, D. Airdoldi, M. Lopes, "Site selection analysis for offshore combined resource projects in Europe", FP7 ORECCA Project Work Package 2, 28 October 2011.