Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30172
Effect of Rotor to Casing Ratios with Different Rotor Vanes on Performance of Shaft Output of a Vane Type Novel Air Turbine

Authors: Bharat Raj Singh, Onkar Singh

Abstract:

This paper deals with new concept of using compressed atmospheric air as a zero pollution power source for running motorbikes. The motorbike is equipped with an air turbine in place of an internal combustion engine, and transforms the energy of the compressed air into shaft work. The mathematical modeling and performance evaluation of a small capacity compressed air driven vaned type novel air turbine is presented in this paper. The effect of isobaric admission and adiabatic expansion of high pressure air for different rotor to casing diameter ratios with respect to different vane angles (number of vanes) have been considered and analyzed. It is found that the shaft work output is optimum for some typical values of rotor / casing diameter ratios at a particular value of vane angle (no. of vanes). In this study, the maximum power is obtained as 4.5kW - 5.3kW (5.5-6.25 HP) when casing diameter is taken 100 mm, and rotor to casing diameter ratios are kept from 0.65 to 0.55. This value of output is sufficient to run motorbike.

Keywords: zero pollution, compressed air, air turbine, vane angle, rotor / casing diameter ratio

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1334632

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1107

References:


[1] Hubbert M.K., 1956, Nuclear energy and the fossil fuels; Amer. Petrol. Inst. Drilling and Production Practice, Proc. Spring Meeting, San Antonio, Texas. 7-25(187).
[2] Aleklett K. and Campbell C.J., 2003, The Peak and Decline of World Oil and Gas Production- Minerals and Energy, Raw Materials Report, Volume 18, Number 1, 2003, pp. 5-20(16).
[3] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, 2007, Use of Non-Conventional Energy for Sustainability to Fossil Fuel, National Conference on Recent Trend on Mechanical Engineering, RAME-2007, held on 28-29th March'2007 at Baba Sahab Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Etawah-Proceedings pp 130-136.
[4] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, 2007, Uses of Wind Power as a Non- Conventional / Renewable Energy for Sustainability, National Conference on State of Art Technology in Mechanical Engineering, STEM-2007, held on October 29-31, 2007 at College of Technology, G.B. Pant University, Pant Nagar, UP-Proceedings pp 503-515.
[5] Honton E. J., 2004, Hydrogen Fuel Cell Car, presented at 15th Annual US Conference and Hydrogen Expo, April-2004, USA.
[6] Rose Robert and William J. Vincent, 2004, Fuel Cell Vehicle World Survey 2003, Breakthrough Technologies Institute, February- 2004, Washington, D.C.
[7] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, 2006, Necessity and Potential for Bio- Diesel Use in India, International Conference on Bio-Fuel Vision-2015, October-13th -15th, 2006 at Bikaner, India- Proceedings pp 71-89.
[8] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, 2006, Study of Compressed Air as an alternative to fossil fuel for Automobile Engines, International Conference on Challenges and Strategies for Sustainable Energy and Environment- held on 10-11th June'2006 at UPTU, Lucknow, UPProceedings pp 179-191.
[9] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, 2008, A Study on Sustainable Energy Sources and its Conversion Systems towards Development of an Efficient Zero Pollution Novel Turbine to be used as Prime-mover to the Light Vehicle, 2008 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, held on October 31-November 6, 2008 at Boston, Massachusetts, USA- Paper No. IMECE -2008 -66803.
[10] Negre Guy and Negre Cyril, 2004, Compressed Air - The Most Sustainable Energy Carrier for Community Vehicles, Speech in front of assembly at Kultur gathered for Fuel Cells World, Tuesday 29th June -2004.
[11] Saint Hilaire G., Saint Hilaire R. and Saint Hilaire, Y., 2005, Quasiturbine zero pollution car using gasoline. Festival at Le Lundi, Montreal Gazette, 26 September 2005.
[12] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, 2008, Development of a vaned type novel Air Turbine, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science (The manuscript was received on 21st December 2007 and was accepted after revision for publication on 03rd June 2008), International Journal of IMechE Vol. 222 Part C, pp 1419-1426.
[13] Knowlen C., Bruckner A. P., Mattick A.T. and Hertzberg A., 1998, High Efficiency Energy Conversion Systems for Liquid Nitrogen Automobiles, Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., AIAA 98-1898.
[14] Fuglsang P., Bak C. and Gunna M., 2004, Design and verification of the Ris0-B1 Airfoil-family for Wind Turbines, Journal of Solar Energy Engg., ASME- Nov-2004, Vol.126 pp 1002-1008.
[15] Gorla R. and Reddy, S., 2005, Probabilistic Heat Transfer and Structural Analysis of Turbine Blade, IJTJE, Vol. 22, pp 1- 11.
[16] Selig Michel S. and Bryan D. McGranahan, 2004, Wind Tunnel Aerodynamics Tests of Six Airfoils for use on Small Wind Turbines, Journal of Solar Energy Engg., ASME-Nov-2004, Vol.126, pp986- 1000.
[17] Schreck S. and Robinson M., 2004, Tip Speed Ratio Influences on Rationally Augmented Boundary Layer Topology and Aerodynamic Force Generation, Journal of Solar Energy Engg., ASME-Nov- 2004- Vol.126 pp1025-1033.
[18] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, 2008, A concept for Development of a Vaned Type Novel Air Turbine, 12th International Symposium on Transport Phenomena and Dynamics of Rotating Machinery - held on February 17-22, 2008 at Pacific Center of Thermal-Fluids Engineering, Sheraton Mohana Surfrider Hotel Honolulu, Hawaii - Paper No. ISROMAC-12-20046.
[19] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, 2008, Energy Storage System to meet Challenges of 21st Century- an Overview, All India Seminar on Energy Management in Perceptive of Indian Scenario-held on October 17-19, 2008 at Institution of Engineer (India), State Centre, Engineer's Bhawan, Lucknow-Proceedings Chapter15, pp 157-167.
[20] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, 2008, A Study to Optimize the Output of Vaned Type Novel Air Turbine, 4th International Conference on Energy Research and Development, held on 17-19 November, 2008 at State of Kuwait, Kuwait- Paper No. ICERD - 4 -1353.
[21] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, 2008, Parametric Evaluation of Vane Angle on performance of Novel Air Turbine, Journal of Science, Engineering and Management, SITM , December, 2008,Vol. 2, pp 7-18.
[22] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, 2009, Analytical Study on a Vaned Type Novel Air Turbine for Different Conditions of Casing and Rotor Diameters, 2009 ASME International Conference on Energy Sustainability - held on July 17-23, 2009, at San Francisco, California, USA, Paper No. ES -2009 -90207.
[23] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, 2009, Applications of Compressed Air as an Alternative Energy to Meet Challenges of 21st Century- Global Warming, International Conference on Engineering Congress on Alternatives Energy Applications: Option or Necessity?, held on 3-5 November, 2009 at State of Kuwait, Kuwait- Paper No. EC2009 Kuwait- 1082.
[24] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, 2009, Numerical Analysis of Pressure Admission Angle to Vane Angle Ratios on Performance of a Vaned Type Novel Air Turbine, International Journal of Natural Science and Engineering, IJNSE, France, Vol. 1, Number-1(4), pp 20-27.
[25] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, 2009, Theoretical Investigations on Different Casing and Rotor Diameters Ratio to Optimize Shaft Output of a Vaned Type Air Turbine , International Journal of Natural Science and Engineering, IJNSE, France, Vol. 1,Number-1(5), pp 28-35.
[26] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, 2009, Parametric Evaluations of Injection Angles and Vane Angles on Performance of a Vaned Type Novel Air Turbine, International Journal of Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, IJMPES, France, Vol. 3, Number-4(38), pp 226- 233.
[27] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, 2009, Analytical Investigations on Different Air Injection Angles to Optimize Power Output of a Vaned Type Air Turbine, International Journal of Power and Energy (The manuscript was received on 11th June- 2009 and was accepted after revision for publication on 07th October- 2009), Proceedings of IMechE Part A, (In press).
[28] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, 2009, Optimization of Power Output of a Vaned Type Novel Air Turbine With Respect to Different Injection Angles-Under Ideal Adiabatic Expansion, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Serials Publications, New Delhi, India, Vol. 2 Number 2, July-December-2009, pp 205-211.
[29] Singh Onkar, 2009, Reciprocating and Rotary Compressor, Applied Thermodynamics, New Age International (P) Ltd., Publishers, New Delhi, India, ISBN: 978-81-224-2583-3, Feb2009, pp 797-798.