Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32119
Heavy Metal Concentrations in Fanworth (Cabombafurcata) from Lake Chini, Malaysia

Authors: Ahmad, A.K., Shuhaimi-Othman, M. Hoon, L.P.


Study was conducted to determine the concentration of copper, cadmium, lead and zinc in Cabomba furcata that found abundance in Lake Chini. This aquatic plant was collected randomly within the lake for heavy metal determination. Water quality measurement was undertaken in situ for temperature, pH, conductivity and dissolved oksigen using portable multi sensor probe YSI model 556. The C. furcata was digested using wet digestion method and heavy metal concentrations were analysed using Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (AAS) Perkin Elmer 4100B (flame method). Result of water quality classify Lake Chini between class II to class III using Malaysian Water Quality Standard. According to this standard, Lake Chini has moderate quality, which normal for natural lake. Heavy metal concentrations in C.furcata were low and found to be lower than the critical toxic value in aquatic plants. Oneway ANOVA test indicated the heavy metal concentrations in C.furcata were significantly differ between sampling location. Water quality and heavy metal concentrations indicates that Lake Chini was not receives anthropogenic load from nearby activities.

Keywords: Cabomba furcata, Heavy metal, Lake Chini, Waterquality

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1778


[1] Karadede, H. & Ünlü, E.., Concentrations of some heavy metals in water, sediment and fish species from the Atatürk Dam Lake (Euphrates), Turkey, Chemosphere, vol. 41: 1371-1376, 2000.
[2] Wagner, A. & Boman, J., Biomonitoring of trace elements in muscle and liver tissue of freshwater fish, Spectrochimica Acta Part: Atomic Spectroscopy, vol. 58: 2215-2226, 2003.
[3] Rai, U.N., Tripathi, R.D,. Vajpayee, P., Oandey, N., Ali, M.B. & Gupta, D.K., Cadmium accumulation and its phytoxicity in Potamogeton pectinatus L. (Potamogetonaceae), Bull Environ Contam Toxicol, vol. 70: 566-575, 2003.
[4] Tessier, A., Buffle, J. & Campbell, P.G.C., Uptake of trace metals by aquatic organisms. In. Buffle, J. & De Vitre, R.R. Chemical and biological regulation of aquatic system, pp. 197-230. Lewis Publishers, 1994.
[5] Yang, Handong., Rose, N. L. & Battarbee, R.W., Distribution of some trace metals in Lochnagar, a Scottish mountain lake ecosystem and its catchment. The Science of The Total Environment, vol. 285: 197-208, 2001.
[6] Samecka-Cymerman, A. & Kempers, A.J., Toxic metals in aquatic plants surviving in surface water polluted by copper mining industry, Ecotoxicol Environ Safe, vol. 59: 64-69, 2004.
[7] Prasad, M.N.V., Sajwan, K.S. & Naidu, R., Trace elements in the environment biogeochemistry, Biotechnology, and Bioremediation, hlm. 451-471. London: Tylor & Francis Group, 2006.
[8] Valitutto RS, Sella SM, Silva EV, Pereira RGA, Miekeley N., Accumulation of metals in macrophytes from water reservoirs of a power supply plant, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Water Air Soil Poll 178(1-4): 89-102, 2007.
[9] Sahu RK, Naraian R, Chandra V., Accumulation of metals in naturally grown weeds (aquatic macrophytes) grown on an industrial effluent channel. Clean-Soil Air Water, vol. 35, no 3: 261-265, 2007.
[10] Tan, C.C. & Barzani Ghasim, M., Assessment of hydrology and water quality in river basin between two seasons in lake Chini, Pahang. Paper presented at the Fifth Graduate Colloquium , Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, July 2005.
[11] Malaysian Meteorological Service, Annual Reports of Malaysian Meteorological Department. Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, Malaysia, 2005.
[12] APHA, Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. Ed. ke-12. Washington: American Public Health Association, 1985.
[13] Ganje, T.J. & Page, A.L., Rapid acid dissolution of plant tissue for Cd determination by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Absorp. Newsletter , vol. 13: 131-134, 1974.
[14] Boyd, C.E., Mutu Air Kolam Ikan di kawasan beriklim Panas. Terj. Mohd Salleh Kamaruddin, Siti Shapor Siraj & Noor Azhar Shazili. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 1990.
[15] Mohamad Shuhaimi-Othman, Eng, C.Lim and Idris Mushrifah Water quality changes in Chini Lake, Pahang, West Malaysia. Environ. Monit. Assess, vol. 131: 279-292, 2007.
[16] Schmitz, R.J., Introduction to water pollution biology, Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, 1995.
[17] Karavoltsos, S., Sakellari, A., Mihopoulos, N., Dassenakis, M. & Scoullos, M.J., Evaluation of the quality of drinking water in regions of Greece, Desalination, vol. 224: 317-329, 2008.
[18] Deng, H., Ye, Z.H. & Wong, M.H., Accumulation of lead, zinc, copper and cadmium by 12 wetland plant species thriving in metalcontaminated sites in China, Environmental Pollution , vol. 132: 29-40., 2004.
[19] Albers, P.H. & Camardese, M.B., Effects of acidification on metal accumulation by aquatic plants and invertebrates in constructed wetlands. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry , vol.12, no. 9: 959- 967, 1993.
[20] Kabata- Pendias, A. & Pendias H., Trace elements in soils and plant. Ed. ke-3. Boca Raton, Florida: CRR Press LLC, 2000.
[21] Long, X.X., Yang, X.E., Ni, W.Z., Ye, Z.Q., He, Z.L., Calvert, D.V. and Sftoffella, J.P., Assessing zinc thresholds for phytoxicity and potential dietary toxicity in selected vegetable crops. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, vol. 34: 1421-1434, 2003.
[22] Borkert, C.M., Cox, F.R. & Tucker, M.R., Zinc and copper toxicity in peanut, soybean, rice and corn in soil mixtures. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, vol. 29: 2991-3005, 1998.
[23] Bowen, H.J.M., Environmental chemistry of the elements. London: Academic Press, 1979.