**Commenced**in January 2007

**Frequency:**Monthly

**Edition:**International

**Paper Count:**30523

##### Experimental Investigation of Heat Transfer and Flow of Nano Fluids in Horizontal Circular Tube

**Authors:**
Sattar Al-Jabair,
Abdulhassan Abd. K,
Khalid Sultan

**Abstract:**

**Keywords:**
Newtonian,
Brownian motion,
NUR factor

**Digital Object Identifier (DOI):**
doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1333342

**References:**

[1] Yu, W., Franee, D.M., Routbort, J.L., Choi, S.U., 2008.Rewiew and comparison of Nano fluid thermal conductivity and heat transfer enhancements. Heat transfer engineering.29 (15), 432-460(1).

[2] Choi, S.U.S., Enhancing Thermal Conductivity of Fluids with Nano particles: Developments and Applications of Non-Newtonian Flows, America Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 66 (1995) pp. 99.

[3] Pak, B.C., Cho, Y.I., Hydrodynamic and heat transfer study of dispersed fluids with submicron metallic oxide particle, Experimental Heat Transfer 11 (1998) pp. 151-170.

[4] Xuan, Y., Li, Q., Investigation of convective heat transfer and flow features of Nano fluids, Journal of Heat Transfer-Transaction of ASME 125 (2003) pp. 151- 156.

[5] Heris, S.Z., Etemad, S.G., Esfahany, M.S., Experimental investigation of oxide Nano fluids laminar flow convective heat transfer, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer 33 (2006) pp. 529-535.

[6] Lai, W.Y., Duculescu, B., Phelan, P.E., Prasher, R.S., Proceedings of ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE 2006),Chicago, USA, 2006.

[7] Jung, J.Y., Oh, H.S., Kwak, H.Y., Proceedings of ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE 2006), Chicago, USA, 2006.

[8] A. Einstein, Investigation on the theory of Brownian motion, Dover, New York, 1956.pp.1-18.

[9] H.C.B inkman, The viscosity of concentrated suspensions and solution. Chem. Phys .20(1952)571.

[10] X.Wang, X.Xu, S.U.S.Choi, Thermal conductivity of Nano particle - fluid mixture. Thermo phys .Heat transfer 13 (1999) 474-480.

[11] G.K.Batchelor, The effect of Brownian motion on the bulk stress in a suspension of spherical particles. J.Fluid mech.83 (1) (1977)97.

[12] J.M. Smith, H.C. Van Ness, Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamic, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1987.

[13] Hamilton, R.L. and O.K. Crosser, Thermal Conductivity of Heterogeneous 2-Component Systems. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Fundamentals, 1962.1(3): p. 187.124.

[14] Timofeeva, E.V., A.N. Gavrilov, J.M. McCloskey, Y.V. Tolmachev, S. Sprunt,L.M. Lopatina, and J.V. Selinger, Thermal conductivity and particle agglomeration in alumina Nano fluids: Experiment and theory. Physical Review E, 2007.76(6): p. 16.

[15] Wesley Charles Williams, "Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of Transport Phenomena in Nano particle Colloids (Nano fluids)", Department of Nuclear Science and Engineer at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, December (2006).

[16] Yu, W. and S.U.S. Choi, The role ofinterfacial layers in the enhanced thermal conductivity of Nano fluids: A renovated Maxwell model. Journal of Nano particle Research, 2003.5(1-2): p. 167-171.

[17] Y. Xuan, W. Roetzel, Conceptions for heat transfer correlation of Nano fluids,Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 43 (2000) 3701-3707.

[18] B.C.Pak,Y.I Cho, Hydrodynamic and heat transfer study of dispersed fluids with sub micro metallic oxide particles, Exp. Heat transfer 11(1998)151.

[19] R.K. Shah, A.L. London, Laminar flow forced convection in ducts, Supplement 1 to Advances in Heat Transfer, Academic Press, New York, 1978.

[20] R.K. Shah, M.S. Bhatti, Laminar convective heat transfer in ducts, in: S. Kakac,R.K. Shah, W. Aung (Eds.), Handbook of Single-Phase Convective Heat Transfer, Wiley, New York, 1987 (Chapter 3).W.-K. Chen, Linear Networks and Systems (Book style). Belmont,CA: Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123-135.