Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30184
Integrating LCA into PDM for Ecodesign
Abstract:Product Data Management (PDM) systems for Computer Aided Design (CAD) file management are widely established in design processes. This management system is indispensable for design collaboration or when design task distribution is present. It is thus surprising that engineering design curricula has not paid much attention in the education of PDM systems. This is also the case for eduction of ecodesign and environmental evaluation of products. With the rise of sustainability as a strategic aspect in companies, environmental concerns are becoming a key issue in design. This paper discusses the establishment of a PDM platform to be used among technical and vocational schools in Austria. The PDM system facilitates design collaboration among these schools. Further, it will be discussed how the PDM system has been prepared in order to facilitate environmental evaluation of parts, components and subassemblies of a product. By integrating a Business Intelligence solution, environmental Life Cycle Assessment and communication of results is enabled.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1062018Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1595
 M. Abrarnovici and D. Gerhard, "Use of pdm in improving design processes: State of the art, potentials and user perspectives," in ICED: international conference on engineering design, 1997, pp. 317-322.
 M. Philpotts, "An introduction to the concepts, benefits and terminology of product data management," Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 96, pp. 11-17, 1996.
 D. Gerhard and M. Grafinger, "Integrative engineering design using product data management systems in education," in Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education EPDE09, 2009, pp. 79-84.
 PTC webpage, http://www.ptc.com/products/windchill/, Accessed July 2011.
 J. Stark, Product lifecycle management: 21st century paradigm for product realisation. Springer Verlag, 2005.
 K. Amann, "Product lifecycle management: Empowering the future of business," CIM Data, Inc, 2002.
 S. Scheps, Business Intelligence for Dummies. Wiley Publishing Inc., 2007.
 Pentaho webpage, http://www.pentaho.org/, Accessed July 2011.
 D. Hunkeler and E. Vanakari, "Ecodesign and LCA. survey of current uses of environmental attributes in product and process development," The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 145-151, 2000.
 R. Karlsson and C. Luttropp, "Ecodesign: what-s happening? an overview of the subject area of ecodesign and of the papers in this special issue," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 14, no. 15-16, pp. 1291-1298, 2006.
 G. Howarth and M. Hadfield, "A sustainable product design model," Materials & design, vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 1128-1133, 2006.
 S. Coulter, B. Bras, and C. Foley, "A lexicon of green engineering terms," in International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED), Praha, 1995.
 J. Jeswiet and M. Hauschild, "Ecodesign and future environmental impacts," Materials and Design, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 629-634, 2005.
 M. Ernzer, C. Gr┬¿uner, and H. Birkhofer, "Implementation of DfE in the daily design work-an approach derived from surveys," in Proceedings of 2001 ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference (DETC 2001), 2001.
 M. Germani, F. Mandorli, P. Corbo, and M. M. Mengoni, "How facilitate the use of LCA tools in SMEs - a practical example," in Proceedings of 12th SETAC Europe LCA Case Studies Symposium, 2004, pp. 163 - 166.
 M. Ernzer and H. Birkhofer, "Environmental impact assessment in design or is it worth to carry out a full LCA," in Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Engineering Design, August 2003, Stockholm, 2003.
 P. Nielsen and H. Wenzel, "Integration of environmental aspects in product development: a stepwise procedure based on quantitative life cycle assessment," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 247-257, 2002.
 D. Collado-Ruiz, "Propuesta prescriptiva para la integraci'on del ecodise╦£no y el dise╦£no para el reciclaje en el proceso de desarrollo de productos," Ph.D. dissertation, Universidad Politi'ecnica de Valencia (UPV), Valencia, Spain, September 2007.
 V. Lofthouse, "Ecodesign tools for designers: defining the requirements," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 14, no. 15-16, pp. 1386-1395, 2006.
 H. Ostad-Ahmad-Ghorabi and W. Wimmer, "Tools and approaches for innovation through ecodesign - sustainable product development," Journal of Mechanical Engineering Design, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 6-13, 2005.
 T. G'omez-Navarro, S. Capuz-Rizo, M. Bastante-Ceca, and D. Collado- Ruiz, "Ecodesign function and form. classification of ecodesign tools according to their functional aspects," in Proceedigns from the 15th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED). Melbourne., 2005.
 D. Millet, L. Bistagnino, C. Lanzavecchia, R. Camous, and T. Poldma, "Does the potential of the use of LCA match the design team needs?" Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 335-346, 2007.
 R. Frichknecht, N. Jungbluth, H. J. Althaus, D. G., R. Dones, T. Hecl, S. Hellweg, R. Hischier, T. Nemecek, G. Rebitzer, N. Spielman, and G. Wernet, "Ecoinvent. overview and methodology. data 2.0," Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories, Tech. Rep., 2007.
 M. Goedkoop and R. Spriensma, The Eco-indicator 99: A damage oriented method for life cycle impact assessment. Methodology Report. PRi'e Consultants B.V., 2001.
 R. Horne, T. Grant, and K. Verghese, Life Cycle Assessment: Principles, Practices and Prospects. Australia: CSIRO Publishing, 2009.
 H. Ostad Ahmad Ghorabi, N. Bey, and W. Wimmer, "Parametric ecodesignan integrative approach for implementing ecodesign into decisive early design stages," in Proceedings of DESIGN 200810th international design conference, D. Marjanovic, Ed., 2008, pp. 1327-1334.
 I. Sousa and D. Wallace, "Product classification to support approximate life-cycle assessment of design concepts," Technological Forecasting & Social Change, vol. 73, no. 3, pp. 228-249, 2006.
 I. Sousa, J. Eisenhard, and D. Wallace, "Approximate life-cycle assessment of product concepts using learning systems," Journal of Industrial Ecology, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 61-81, 2008.
 C. Luttropp and J. Lagerstedt, "Ecodesign and the ten golden rules: generic advice for merging environmental aspects into product development," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 2006, no. 14, pp. 1396-408, 2006.
 H. Ostad Ahmad Ghorabi, W. Wimmer, and N. Bey, "Ecodesign decision boxes - a systematic tool for integrating environmental considerations into product development," in Proceedings of the 9th International Design Conference - DESIGN 2006, Dubrovnik, Croatia, D. Marjanovic, Ed., 2006, pp. 1399 - 1404.
 T. Bhamra, S. Evans, T. McAloone, M. Simon, S. Poole, and A. Sweatman, "Integrating environmental decisions into the product development process. i. the early stages," in Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing, 1999. Proceedings. EcoDesign -99: First International Symposium On, feb. 1999, pp. 329 -333.
 J. Poyner and M. Simon, "Integration of dfe tools with product development," in Clean Electronics Products and Technology, 9-11 October 1995, 1995.
 T. Roche, E. Man, and J. Browne, "Development of a cad integrated dfe workbench tool," in Proceedigns of the 2001 IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment, 2001.
 H. Ostad-Ahmad-Ghorabi and D. Collado-Ruiz, "Towards integration LCA into CAD," in Proceedigns from the 17th International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED-09, Stanford, 2009.
 Solidworks webpage, www.solidworks.com, Accessed July 2011.
 H. Ostad-Ahmad-Ghorabi and D.Collado-Ruiz, "Tool for the environmental assessment of cranes based on parameterization," The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 392 - 400, 2011.