Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30174
Influence of Dilution and Lean-premixed on Mild Combustion in an Industrial Burner
Abstract:Understanding of how and where NOx formation occurs in industrial burner is very important for efficient and clean operation of utility burners. Also the importance of this problem is mainly due to its relation to the pollutants produced by more burners used widely of gas turbine in thermal power plants and glass and steel industry. In this article, a numerical model of an industrial burner operating in MILD combustion is validated with experimental data.. Then influence of air flow rate and air temperature on combustor temperature profiles and NOX product are investigated. In order to modification this study reports on the effects of fuel and air dilution (with inert gases H2O, CO2, N2), and also influence of lean-premixed of fuel, on the temperature profiles and NOX emission. Conservation equations of mass, momentum and energy, and transport equations of species concentrations, turbulence, combustion and radiation modeling in addition to NO modeling equations were solved together to present temperature and NO distribution inside the burner. The results shows that dilution, cause to a reduction in value of temperature and NOX emission, and suppresses any flame propagation inside the furnace and made the flame inside the furnace invisible. Dilution with H2O rather than N2 and CO2 decreases further the value of the NOX. Also with raise of lean-premix level, local temperature of burner and the value of NOX product are decreases because of premixing prevents local “hot spots" within the combustor volume that can lead to significant NOx formation. Also leanpremixing of fuel with air cause to amount of air in reaction zone is reach more than amount that supplied as is actually needed to burn the fuel and this act lead to limiting NOx formation
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1061090Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1451
 H. Tsuji, A.K. Gupta, T. Hasegawa, M. Katsuki, K. Kishimoto, M. Morita, High Temperature Air Combustion,CRC Press, Boca Paton, FL, 2003.
 R. Weber, in: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on High Temperature Air Combustion and Gasification, Rome, 2001.
 R. Weber, A.L. Verlaan, S. Orsino, N. Lallemant, J. Inst. Energy 72 (1999) 77-83.
 Woelk G., W├╝nning J., Controlled Combustion by Flameless Oxidation, Joint Meeting of the British and GermanSections of the Combustion Institute, Cambridge, 1993
 M. Katsuki, T. Hasegawa, Proc. Combust. Inst. 27 (1998) 3135-3146.
 A. Cavigiolo, M.A. Galbiati, A. Effuggi, D. Gelosa, R. Rota, Combust. Sci. Technol. 175 (2003) 1347- 1367.
 M. de Joannon, A. Cavaliere, T. Faravelli, E. Ranzi, P. Sabia, A. Tregrossi, Proc. Combust. Inst. 30 (2005) 2605-2612.
 A. Cavaliere, M. de Joannon, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 30 (2004) 329-366.
 G.M. Choi, M. Katsuki, Energy Convers. Manage. 42 (2001) 639-652.
 M. Flamme, Appl. Therm. Eng. 24 (2004) 1551-1559
 P.J. Coelho, N. Peters, Combust. Flame 124 (2001) 503-518.
 B.B. Dally, A.N. Karpetis, R.S. Barlow, Proc. Combust. Inst. 29 (2002) 1147-1154.
 Chiara Galletti, Alessandro Parente, Leonardo Tognotti Department, "Numerical and experimental investigation of a mildcombustion burner," Combustion and Flame 151 (2007) 649-664.
 A.P. Morse, Axisymmetric turbulent shear flows with and without Swirl, Ph.D. thesis, London University, 1977.
 E. Malfa, M. Venturino, V. Tota, 25th Event of the Italian Section of the Combustion Institute, Rome, June 3-5, 2002.
 A. Al-Halbouni, A. Giese, M. Flamme, M. Brune, Clean Air 5 (2004) 391-405.
 B. F. Magnussen and B. H. Hjertager. On mathematical models of turbulent combustionwith special emphasis on soot formation and combustion. In 16th Symp. (Int'l.) On combustion. The Combustion Institute, 1976.
 A.A.Westenberg, Combust. Sci. Technol. 4 (1971) 59- 64.
 G.G. De Soete, Proc. Combust. Inst. 15 (1974) 109 3- 1102.