Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31903
The Emotional Language and Temperamental Traits
Abstract:The aim of this study is to describe the associations between the temperamental traits and the narrative emotional expression. The Temperament Questionnaire was used: The FCB-TI of Zawadzki & Strelau. A sample of 85 persons described three emotional situations: love. hate, and anxiety. This study analyzes the verbal form of expression by means of a written account of emotions. The relationship between the narratives of love, hate and anxiety and temperament characteristics were studied. Results indicate that vigorousness (VI), perseverance (PE), sensory sensitivity (SS), emotional reactivity (ER), endurance (EN) and activeness (AC) have a significant impact on the emotional expression in narratives. The temperamental traits are linked to the form of emotional language. It means that temperament has an impact on cognitive representations of emotions.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1060707Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2383
 P. Ekman, Universals and cultural differences in facial expressions of emotion. In Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1971.
 P. Ekman, R.J. Davidson, The nature of emotion. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.
 R. Bar-On, J.M., Brown, B.D. Kirkcaldy, E.P. Thome, "Emotional expression and implications for occupational stress; an application of the Emotional Quotient Inventory" Personality and Individual Differences, no 28, pp. 1107-1118, 2000.
 R.A. Thompson, "Emotion regulation: A Theme in search of definition" Monographs of the Society for Research in Child development, 59, 2-3, no 240, pp. 25-52, 1994.
 K. Oatley, J.M. Jenkins, Understanding Emotion. Warsaw: PWN, 2003.
 A. Wierzbicka, Semantics, Primes, and Universals. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
 M. K. Rothbart, "Longitudinal observation of infant temperament" Developmental Psychology, no 22,pp. 356-365, 1989.
 S. Chess, A. Thomas, Continuities and discontinuities in temperament. In L. Robins, & M. Rutter (Eds.), Straight and devious pathways from childhood to adulthood. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1990. pp. 205-220.
 J. Beatty, J.C. McCroskey, "It-s in Our Nature: Verbal Aggressiveness as Temperamental Expression" Communication Quarterly, no 45, pp. 147-156, 1997.
 P. Ragatt, "Putting the Five - Factors Model into context: Evidence linking Big five traits to narrative identity" Journal of Personality, vol. 74 , no 5, pp. 1321 -1348, 2006.
 C.E. Izard, D. Schultz, S.E. Fine, E. Youngstrom, B.P. Ackerman, "Temperament, cognitive ability, emotion knowledge and adaptive social behavior" Imagination, Cognition and Personality, vol. 19,no 4, pp. 305-330, 1999-2000.
 J. Strelau, B. Zawadzki, "The Formal Characteristics of Behavior - Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI): Validity studies" European Journal of Personality, no 9, pp. 207-229, 1997.
 J. Strelau, B. Zawadzki, "The Formal Characteristics of Behavior - Temperament Inventory (FCB - TI): Theoretical assumptions and scale construction" European Journal of Personality, no 7, pp. 313 - 338, 1993.
 R.J. Sternberg, Psychology of hate. Washington: APA, 2005.
 L. Berkowitz, "On hate and its determinants: some affective and cognitive influences" In R.J. Sternberg, Psychology of hate. Washington: APA, 2005, pp. 155-184.
 B. Zawadzki, J. Strelau, The Formal Characteristics of Behavior - Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI). Manual. Warsaw: PTP, 1997.
 S.L. Gordon, The socialization of childrenÔÇÿs emotions: Emotion al culture, competence, and exposure. In C. Saarni, & P.L. Harris (Eds.), Children-s understanding of emotions. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989. pp.319-349.
 N. Chomsky, Reflections on Language. London: Temple-Smith, 1975.
 T. van Dijk, "Cognitive context models and discourse". In M. Stamenow, Language structure, discourse and the access to consciousness. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1997. pp. 189-226.
 A.P. Demorest and I.E. Alexander, "Affective scripts as organizers of personal experience" Journal of Personality, Vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 645-663, 1992.
 B. Gawda, "Love scripts of persons with antisocial personality" Psych. Reports, Vol. 103, pp. 371-380, 2007.
 B. Gawda, "Syntax of emotional narratives of persons diagnosed with antisocial personality" Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, Vol. 39, no 4, pp. 273-283, 2010.