A Novel, Cost-effective Design to Harness Ocean Energy in the Developing Countries
The world's population continues to grow at a quarter of a million people per day, increasing the consumption of energy. This has made the world to face the problem of energy crisis now days. In response to the energy crisis, the principles of renewable energy gained popularity. There are much advancement made in developing the wind and solar energy farms across the world. These energy farms are not enough to meet the energy requirement of world. This has attracted investors to procure new sources of energy to be substituted. Among these sources, extraction of energy from the waves is considered as best option. The world oceans contain enough energy to meet the requirement of world. Significant advancements in design and technology are being made to make waves as a continuous source of energy. One major hurdle in launching wave energy devices in a developing country like Pakistan is the initial cost. A simple, reliable and cost effective wave energy converter (WEC) is required to meet the nation-s energy need. This paper will present a novel design proposed by team SAS for harnessing wave energy. This paper has three major sections. The first section will give a brief and concise view of ocean wave creation, propagation and the energy carried by them. The second section will explain the designing of SAS-2. A gear chain mechanism is used for transferring the energy from the buoy to a rotary generator. The third section will explain the manufacturing of scaled down model for SAS-2 .Many modifications are made in the trouble shooting stage. The design of SAS-2 is simple and very less maintenance is required. SAS-2 is producing electricity at Clifton. The initial cost of SAS-2 is very low. This has proved SAS- 2 as one of the cost effective and reliable source of harnessing wave energy for developing countries.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1060193Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1557
 Richard Boud, "Status and Research and Development Priorities, Wave and Marine Accessed Energy," UK Dept. of Trade and Industry (DTI), DTI Report # FES-R-132, AEAT Report # AEAT/ENV/1054, United Kingdom, 2003.
 N. A. Zaigham, Z. A. Nayyar, "prospects of renewable energy sources in Pakistan", Proceedings of comsats conference 2004 on renewable energy technologies & sustainable development, 2005.
 T. Garrison, "Oceanography, An invitation to marine sciences", Brooks/Col Cengage Learning, 2009.
 J. Falnes "A review of wave-energy extraction", p.p. 185-201, Marine structures, vol.20, pp 185-201, Elsevier, 2007.
 M. E. McCormick, "Ocean wave energy conversion", Dover, 2007
 A. Muetze, J. G. Vining, "Ocean wave energy conversion-a survey", electrical and computer engineering department, IEEE, 2006.
 T. K.A. Brekken, A. v. Jouanne, H. Y. Han, "Ocean wave energy overview and research at Oregon State University", unpublished.
 S. Ayub, S.N Danish, S.R. Qureshi, S.R. Rehman , A. Ahmed, "A novel approach to harness ocean energy", Proceedings of the 8th international conference on applied sciences and technology, Islamabad, Pakistan, 10- 13 January, 2011.
 http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/scotland/highlands_and_islands/674 9709.stm
 S.Ayub, S.N Danish "Patent # 149/2011, A Wave energy Converter", Intellectual Property Organization, Pakistan.