An ACO Based Algorithm for Distribution Networks Including Dispersed Generations
With Power system movement toward restructuring along with factors such as life environment pollution, problems of transmission expansion and with advancement in construction technology of small generation units, it is expected that small units like wind turbines, fuel cells, photovoltaic, ... that most of the time connect to the distribution networks play a very essential role in electric power industry. With increase in developing usage of small generation units, management of distribution networks should be reviewed. The target of this paper is to present a new method for optimal management of active and reactive power in distribution networks with regard to costs pertaining to various types of dispersed generations, capacitors and cost of electric energy achieved from network. In other words, in this method it-s endeavored to select optimal sources of active and reactive power generation and controlling equipments such as dispersed generations, capacitors, under load tapchanger transformers and substations in a way that firstly costs in relation to them are minimized and secondly technical and physical constraints are regarded. Because the optimal management of distribution networks is an optimization problem with continuous and discrete variables, the new evolutionary method based on Ant Colony Algorithm has been applied. The simulation results of the method tested on two cases containing 23 and 34 buses exist and will be shown at later sections.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1059899Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1339
 M. E. Baran and M. Y. Hsu, "Volt/Var Control at Distribution Substations", IEEE Trans. On Power Systems, vol.14, No.1, Feb. 1999, p.p. 312-318.
 I.Roytelman, B.K. Wee and R.L.Lugtu, "Volt/Var Control Algorithm for Modern Distribution Management System" IEEE trans. On Power system, Vol. 10, No.3, Aug. 1995.
 I.Roytelman and V. Ganesan, "Coordinated Local and Centralized Control in Distribution Management Systems", IEEE Trans. On Power Delivery, vol.15, No.2, April 2000, p.p. 718-724.
 V.Borozan, M.E. Baran and D. Novosel, "Integrated Volt/Var Control in Distribution Systems" IEEE 2001, p.p.1485-1490.
 Roytelman and V. Ganesan, "Modeling of Local Controllers in Distribution Network Applications", IEEE Trans. On Power Delivery, vol. 15, No.4, Oct. 2000, p.p.1232-1237.
 T.Niknam, A.M. Ranjbar and A.R. Shirani, "Impact of Distributed Generation on Volt/Var Control in Distribution Networks", IEEE Bologna Power Tech 2003, Italy.
 D.M. FalcZio, H.O. Henriques, " Load estimation in radial distribution systems using neural networks and fuzzy set techniques", IEEE 2001, P.P.1002-1006.
 T.Niknam, A.M. Ranjbar and A.R. Shirani, "Volt/Var Control in Distribution Networks with Distributed Generation", IFAC Conference 2003, Korea.
 T.Niknam, A.M. Ranjbar, and A.R. Shirani , "A New Approach Based on Ant-Genetic Algorithm for Volt/Var Control in Distribution Network with Considering Distributed Generation" IEEE DRPT2004 Hong Kong April 2004.
 M.Dorigo, G.D. Caro and L.M. Gambardella, "Ants Algorithms for Discrete Optimization", Artificial Life, Vlo.5, No.3, P.P 137-172, 1999.
 K. Krishnoiger, S.H. Cheraghi, "Ant Algorithms: Review and Future Application".
 S.J. Huang, "Enhancement of Hydroelectric Generation Scheduling Using Ant Colony System Based Optimization Approaches", IEEE Trans. On Energy Conversion, Vol.16, No.3, Sep.2001.
 D.Merkle, M. Middendorf and H. Schmech, "Ant Colony Optimization for Resource Constrained Project Scheduling", IEEE Trans. On Evolutionary Computation, Vol.6, No.4, Aug.2002.
 A.Bauer, B. Bullnheimer, R.F. Hartl and C. Strauss, " A Ant Colony Optimization Approach for Single Machine Total Tardiness Problem", IEEE 1999, P.P. 1445-1450.
 N. S. Sisworahardjo and A.A. El Keib, " Unit Commitment Using the Ant Colony Search Algorithm", IEEE 2002, P.P. 2-6.
 T.Niknam, A.M. Ranjbar, and A.R. Shirani, "Optimization With Ant Colony Algorithm", BARGH Journal of Electrical Science and Technology, No.36, P.P.11-19.
 Y.H. Hou, Y.W. Wu, L.J. Li and X.Y. Xiong, "Generalized Ant Colony Optimization for Economic Dispatch of Power Systems", IEEE 2002, P.P.225-229.
 T.Niknam, H. Arabian and M. Mirjafari, "Reactive Power Pricing in Deregulated Environments Using Novel Search Methods" is accepted for presentation to IASTED International conference on PowerCon 2004, Greece.
 T.Niknam and A.M. Ranjbar, " Impact of Distributed Generation on Distribution Load Flow", International Power System Conference Tehran, Iran, Oct. 2002.
 Douglas Holtz-Eakin, "Prospects for Distributed Electricity Generation", September 2003.
 " Radial Distribution Test Feeders", IEEE Trans. On Power Systems, Vol.6, No.3, Aug.1991.