Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31103
Footbridge Response on Single Pedestrian Induced Vibration Analysis
Abstract:Many footbridges have natural frequencies that coincide with the dominant frequencies of the pedestrian-induced load and therefore they have a potential to suffer excessive vibrations under dynamic loads induced by pedestrians. Some of the design standards introduce load models for pedestrian loads applicable for simple structures. Load modeling for more complex structures, on the other hand, is most often left to the designer. The main focus of this paper is on the human induced forces transmitted to a footbridge and on the ways these loads can be modeled to be used in the dynamic design of footbridges. Also design criteria and load models proposed by widely used standards were introduced and a comparison was made. The dynamic analysis of the suspension bridge in Kolin in the Czech Republic was performed on detailed FEM model using the ANSYS program system. An attempt to model the load imposed by a single person and a crowd of pedestrians resulted in displacements and accelerations that are compared with serviceability criteria.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1328472Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2565
 Bachmann, H. Lively Footbridges a Real Challenge. Proceedings of the International Conference on the Design and Dynamic Behaviour of Footbridges, Paris, France, November 20-22, 2002, pages 18-30.
 Dallard, P., Fitzpatrick, T., Flint, A., Low, A., Ridsdill Smith, R., Willford, M. and Roche, M. London Millennium Bridge: Pedestrian- Induced Lateral Vibration. ASCE
 Design Manual for Road and Bridges: Loads for Highway Bridges: BD 37/01, Highway Agency, London, February, 2002.
 Eriksson, P. E. Vibration of Low-Frequency FloorsÔÇöDynamic Forces and Response Prediction, PhD Thesis, Unit for Dynamics in Design, Chalmers University of Technology, Goteborg, Sweden, 1994.
 Eurocode, Basis of Structural Design - prAnnex A2. EN1990: 2002. European Committee for Standardization, Brussels, Belgium 2002.
 Eurocode 5, Design of Timber Structures Part 2: Bridges, EN1995- 2: 2004, European Committee for Standardization, Brussels, Belgium 2004.
 Grundmann, H. Kreuzinger, H., Schneider, M. Dynamic calculations of footbridges, Bauingenieur 68 (1993) 215-225
 ISO, Bases for design of structures Serviceability of buildings and pedestrian walkways against vibration, ISO/CD 10137, International Stadardization Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2005.
 Ohlsson, S. V., Floor Vibration and Human Discomfort, PhD Thesis, Chalmers University of Technology, Goteborg, Sweden, 1982 (in English).
 SETRA, Footbridges, Assessment of vibrational behaviour of footbridges under pedestrian loading, Technical guide SETRA, Paris, France 2006.
 Young, P. Improved floor vibration prediction methodologies, ARUP Vibration Seminar, October 4, 2001.
 Wheeler, J. E. Prediction and control of pedestrian induced vibration in footbridges, ASCE Journal of the Structural Division 108 (ST9) (1982) 2045-2065.
 Zivanovic, S., Pavic, A., and Reynolds, P. Vibration serviceability of footbridges under human-induced excitation: a literature review. Journal og Sound and Vibration 279 (2005).