Estimation of Forest Fire Emission in Thailand by Using Remote Sensing Information
The forest fires in Thailand are annual occurrence which is the cause of air pollutions. This study intended to estimate the emission from forest fire during 2005-2009 using MODerateresolution Imaging Spectro-radiometer (MODIS) sensor aboard the Terra and Aqua satellites, experimental data, and statistical data. The forest fire emission is estimated using equation established by Seiler and Crutzen in 1982. The spatial and temporal variation of forest fire emission is analyzed and displayed in the form of grid density map. From the satellite data analysis suggested between 2005 and 2009, the number of fire hotspots occurred 86,877 fire hotspots with a significant highest (more than 80% of fire hotspots) in the deciduous forest. The peak period of the forest fire is in January to May. The estimation on the emissions from forest fires during 2005 to 2009 indicated that the amount of CO, CO2, CH4, and N2O was about 3,133,845 tons, 47,610.337 tons, 204,905 tons, and 6,027 tons, respectively, or about 6,171,264 tons of CO2eq. They also emitted 256,132 tons of PM10. The year 2007 was found to be the year when the emissions were the largest. Annually, March is the period that has the maximum amount of forest fire emissions. The areas with high density of forest fire emission were the forests situated in the northern, the western, and the upper northeastern parts of the country.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1332200Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1844
 PCD-Pollution control department, Statistical of air quality, available on website: www.pcd.go.th (fAccessed December 2009).
 G. R. Van der Werf, J. T. Randerson, L. Giglio, G. J. Collatz, P. S. Kasibhatla, and A. F. Arellano, "Interannual variability in global biomass burning emissions from 1997 to 2004," Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, pp. 3423-3441, 2006.
 K. Tansey, E. Binaghi, L. Boschetti, A. P. Brivio, D. Ershov, S. Flasse, R. Rraser, D. Graetz, M. Maggi, P. Peduzzi, J. Pereira, J. Silval 1, A. Sousa, A. Stroppiana, "A Global inventory of Burned Areas at 1 km Resolution for the year 2000 derived from Spot VEGETATION DATA," Climatic Change, 67 pp. 345-377, 2004.
 PCD-Pollution control department, "National master plan for open burning control," p.7, 2007.
 W. Seiler, P.J. Crutzen, "Estimates of gross and net fluxes of carbon between the biosphere and the atmosphere from biomass burning," Climatic Change, pp. 207-247, 1980.
 Y. J. Kaufman, C. 0. Justice, F L. P. lynn, J. D. Kendall, E. M. Prins, L. Giglio, D. E. Ward, W. P. Menzel, & A.W. Setzer, "Potential global fire monitoring from EOS-MODIS," Journal of Geophysical Research, 103, 32215– 32238, 1998.
 L. Giglio, G.R. van der Werf, J.T. Randerson, G.J. Collatz, P. Kasibhatla, "Global estimation of burned area using MODIS active fire observations," Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 6, 957-974, 2006.
 C.O. Justice, L. Giglio, S. Korontzi, J. Owens, J. T. Morisette, D. Roy, "The MODIS fire products," Remote Sensing of Environment, 83, pp. 244-262,2002.
 LDD-Land development department (2007), Land use map of Thailand 2007.
 C.P. Mick Meyer, Ashok K. Luhar, Ross M. Mitchell, "Biomass burning emissions over northern Australia constrained by aerosol measurements: I—Modelling the distribution of hourly emissions," Atmospheric Environment, 42, pp. 1629-1646, 2008
 S. Akkhaaut, K. Viriya, T. Tongton, P. Nhuchaiya, (2004), "Fuel characteristics in dry dipterocarp forest at huai kha khaeng wildlife sanctuary," Forest Fire Control Division National Park, Wildfire and plant conservation department, pp. 1-53, 2004.
 DNP-Forest Fire Control Division National Park, Wildfire and plant conservation department, Forest Fire Statistic, available on website: www.dnp.go.th (Accessed December 2007).
 IPCC-The Intergovenmental Panel on Climate Changes (2006), 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories.
 TMD-Thai Metrological Department of Thailand, monthly rainfall report, available on website: http://www.tmd.go.th (Accessed May 2010).
 PMEL- Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, available on website: http://www.pmel.noaa.gov (Accessed January 2010).