Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31103
Cellulolytic Microbial Activator Influence on Decomposition of Rubber Factory Waste Composting
Abstract:In this research, an aerobic composting method is studied to reuse organic waste from rubber factory waste as soil fertilizer and to study the effect of cellulolytic microbial activator (CMA) as the activator in the rubber factory waste composting. The performance of the composting process was monitored as a function of carbon and organic matter decomposition rate, temperature and moisture content. The results indicate that the rubber factory waste is best composted with water hyacinth and sludge than composted alone. In addition, the CMA is more affective when mixed with the rubber factory waste, water hyacinth and sludge since a good fertilizer is achieved. When adding CMA into the rubber factory waste composted alone, the finished product does not achieve a standard of fertilizer, especially the C/N ratio. Finally, the finished products of composting rubber factory waste and water hyacinth and sludge (both CMA and without CMA), can be an environmental friendly alternative to solve the disposal problems of rubber factory waste. Since the C/N ratio, pH, moisture content, temperature, and nutrients of the finished products are acceptable for agriculture use.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1328384Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1792
 R.T. Huag, Compost engineering: Principal and practice. Ann Arbor Science Publishers, Inc., Michigan, U.S.A., 1980.
 K.C. Sanderson, and W.C. Martin, "Performance of woody ornamentals in municipal compost medium under nine fertilize regimes", Hortic. Sci., 9(3), 1974, pp. 242-243.
 M. Renkow, and A.R. Rubin, "Does municipal solid waste composting make economic sense?", Journal of Environmental Management, 1998, 53, pp. 339-347.
 L.M. Naylor, Composting, Environmental and Science and Pollution, Series 18(69), pp. 193-269.
 APHA, AWWA, and WAE, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, and Water Environment Federation, 18th edition, Washington, DC, 1992.
 J.D. Hagerty, J.L. Pavoni, and J.E. Heer, Solid waste management, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, USA, 1973.
 M.S. Finstein, F.C. Miller, and P.F. Strom, "Waste treatment composting as a controlled system", pp. 363-398, 1986. In: W. Schenborn (ed). Biotechnology, Vol. 8-Microbial degradations. VCH Verlaqsgedellschaft (German Chemical Society): Weinheim F.R.G.
 B. Chefetz, F. Adani, P. Genevini, F. Tambone, Y. Hadar, and Y. Chen. "Humic acid transformation during composting of municipal solid waste", Journal of Environmental Quality, 27: pp.794-800, 1998.
 M.G. Pace, B.E. Miller, and K.L. Farrel-Poe, The composting process. Extension, Utah State University, AG-WM 01, October 1995.
 D. Said-Pullicino, F.G. Erriquens, and G. Gigliotti, "Changes in the chemical characteristics of water-extractable organic matter during composting and their influence on compost stability and maturity," Bioresour. Technol., 98, 2007, pp. 1822-1834.
 C. Polprasert, Organic waste recycling-technology and management, Wiley, Chichester, West Sussex, England, 1996.
 S.P. Mathur, "Composting Process; Bio-conversion of waste materials to industrial products", London Elsevier Applied Sciences, London, 1991.
 M.F. Hamoda, H.A. Abu Qdais, and J. Newham, "Evaluation of municipal solid waste composting kinetics", Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 23: pp. 209-223, 1998.
 P.R. Warman, and W.C. Termeer, "Composting and crop productivity", pp. 89-105, 1996. In: H.C. Huang, and S.N. Acharya (eds.), Advances in plant disease management, Research Signpost, Trivandrum, Kerala, India.
 C.A. Howe, and C.S. Coker, Co-composting municipal sewage sludge with leaves, yard wastes and other recyclables a case study, In: Air Waste Management Association, 85th Annual Meeting and Exhibition, Kansas City, Missouri, 21-26 June 1992.