Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30172
Equilibrium, Kinetics and Thermodynamic Studies for Adsorption of Hg (II) on Palm Shell Powder

Authors: Shilpi Kushwaha, Suparna Sodaye, P. Padmaja

Abstract:

Palm shell obtained from coastal part of southern India was studied for the removal for the adsorption of Hg (II) ions. Batch adsorption experiments were carried out as a function of pH, concentration of Hg (II) ions, time, temperature and adsorbent dose. Maximum removal was seen in the range pH 4.0- pH 7.0. The palm shell powder used as adsorbent was characterized for its surface area, SEM, PXRD, FTIR, ion exchange capacity, moisture content, and bulk density, soluble content in water and acid and pH. The experimental results were analyzed using Langmuir I, II, III, IV and Freundlich adsorption isotherms. The batch sorption kinetics was studied for the first order reversible reaction, pseudo first order; pseudo second order reaction and the intra-particle diffusion reaction. The biomass was successfully used for removal Hg (II) from synthetic and industrial effluents and the technique appears industrially applicable and viable.

Keywords: Biosorbent, mercury removal, borassus flabellifer, isotherms, kinetics, palm shell.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1057703

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1706

References:


[1] Chojnacki, A., Chojnacka K., Hoffmann J., Gorecki H., 2004. The application of natural zeolites for Hg removal from laboratory tests to industrial scale. Minerals Engineering. 17, 933-937.
[2] Akshu, Z., 2002. Determination of the equilibrium, kinetic & thermodynamic parameters of the batch biosorption of Ni (II) ions onto chleorella vulgaris. Process Biochem. 38, 89-99.
[3] Gupta, V., Srivastava, A., Jain N., 2001. Biosorption of Chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions by green algae Spirrogyra species. Wat. Res. 35 (17), 4079-4085.
[4] Bailey, S., Olin, T., Bricka, R., Adrian D., 1999. A review of potentially low-cost sorbents of heavy metals. Water Res. 33 (11), 2469-2479.
[5] Donmez, G., Akshu, Z., Ozturk, A, Kutsal, T., 1999. A comparative study on heavy metal biosorption characteristic of some algae. Process Biochem. 34, 885-892.
[6] Figueria, M., Volesky, B., Ciminelli, V., Roddick, F., 2000. Biosorption of metals in brown seaweed biomass. Water Res. 34 (1), 196-204.
[7] Loukidou, M., Matis, K., Zouboulis, A., Kyriakidou, M., 2003. Removal of As (V) from waste waters by chemically modified fungal biomass. Water Res. 37, 4544-4552.
[8] Davis, T., Volesky, B., Mucci, A., 2003. A review of the biochemistry of heavy metal biosorption by brown algae. Water Res. 37 (18), 4311-4330.
[9] Ma, W., Tobin, J., M., 2003. Development of multimetal binding model & application to binary metal biosorption onto peat biomass. Water Res. 37, 3967-3977.
[10] Nabizadeh, R., Naddafi, K., Saeedi, R., Mahvi, A.H., Vaezi, F., Yaghmaeian, K., Nazmara, S., 2005. Kinetic and equilibrium studies of Lead & Cd biosorption from aqueous solutions by Sargassum SPP. Biomass. Iran. J. Environ. Health. Sci. Eng. 2 (3), 159-168.
[11] Vinod, V., Anirudhan, T., 2002. Sorption of tannic acid by zirconium pillared clay. J Chem Technol Biotechnol. 77, 92-101.
[12] Quek, S., Wase, D., Forster, C.F., 1998. The use of sago waste for the sorption of lead and copper. Water S. A 24, 251-256.
[13] Abia, A., Horsfall, M., Jnr., O., Didi, 2003. The use of chemically modified and unmodified cassava waste for the removal of Cd, Cu and Zn ions from aqueous solution. J. Bioresource Technol 37, 4913-4923.
[14] Low, K., Lee, C., Leo, A., 1995. Removal of metals from electroplating wastes using banana pith. Bioresour. Technol. 51, 227-231.
[15] Randall, J., Hautala, E., Waiss, A., 1974. Removal and recycling of heavy metal ions from agricultural byproducts. Proc. 4th Mineral waste utilization symp. Chicago, IL USA.
[16] Gardea-Torresdey, J., Gonzalez, J., Tiemann, K., Rodrignuez, O., Gamez, G., Alfalfa, G., 1998. Phytofiltration of Hazardous cadmium, chromium, lead and zinc ions by biomass of Medicago sativa (Alfalfa). J. Hazard. Mater. 48, 191-206.
[17] Shan, Ho.Y., Wase, D., Forster, C., 1996. Removal of lead ions from aqueous solution using sphagnum moss peat as adsorbent. Water SA 22, 219-224.
[18] Ckowksi, P., Joshi, V., 2007. Adsorption kinetics study for the removal of Ni (II) & Al (III) from an aqueous solution by natural adsorbents. Desalination 208, 216-231.
[19] Shan, Ho.Y., Kay, G.Mc., 1998. Kinetic models for the sorption of dye from aqueous solution by wood. Process Safety and Environmental Protection. 76B, 183-191.
[20] Namasivayam, C., Kardivelu, K., 1999. Uptake of mercury (II) from wastewater by activated carbon from an unwanted agricultural solid byproduct: coirpith Carbon 37, 79-84.
[21] Shan, Ho.Y., 2004. Citation review of Lagergren kinetic rate equation on adsorption reactions. Scietometrics 59 (1), 171-177.
[22] Michelsen, L., Gideon, P., Pace, E., Kutal, L., 1975. Removal of soluble Hg from water by complexing techniques. U. S. D. I., Office of Water Research & Tech. Bull 74.
[23] Vogel-s Textbook of Practical Organic Chem. including Qualitative Inorganic Analysis, 4th Ed., Longman Scientific & Technical 1978, 450- 470.
[24] Guibal, E., 1998. Metal-Anion Sorption by Chitosan Beads: Equilibrium and Kinetic Studies. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 37, 1454-1463.
[25] Shan, Ho.Y., Kay, G.Mc., 2000. The kinetics of sorption of divalent metal ions onto sphagnum. Water Res. 34 (3), 735-742.
[26] Shan, Ho.Y., 2006. Second order kinetic model for the sorption of Cd onto tree fern: A comparision of linear and non-linear methods. Water. Res. 40, 119-125.
[27] Abdelwaheb, O., 2007. Kinetic and isotherm studies for Cu (II) removal from waste water using various adsorbents. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 33 (1), 125-143.
[28] Weber, W., Morris, J., 1963. Kinetics of adsorption on carbon from solution. Sanit. Eng. Div. Am. Soc. Civ. Engg. 89 (SA2), 31-40.
[29] Patil, S., Bhole, A., Natrajan, G., 2006. Scavenging of Ni(II) Metal Ions by Adsorption on PAC and Babhul Bark. Journal of Environ. Science & Engg. 48 (3), 203-208.
[30] Dudhich, A., Khasim, Bibi, S., Kavita, G., 2004. Adsorption of Ni (II) using Agrowaste, Rice Husk, Journal of Environmental Science and Engg. 46 (3), 179-185.
[31] Low, K., Lee, C., Lee K.P., 1993. Sorption of copper by dye-treated oilpalm fibers. Bioresour. Technol. 44, 109-112.
[32] Murugesan, G., Sathishkumar, M., Swaminathan, K., 2006. Arsenic removal from groundwater by pretreated waste tea fungal biomass. Bioresource. Technol. 97, 483-487.