Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30077
Scaling up Detection Rates and Reducing False Positives in Intrusion Detection using NBTree
Abstract:In this paper, we present a new learning algorithm for anomaly based network intrusion detection using improved self adaptive naïve Bayesian tree (NBTree), which induces a hybrid of decision tree and naïve Bayesian classifier. The proposed approach scales up the balance detections for different attack types and keeps the false positives at acceptable level in intrusion detection. In complex and dynamic large intrusion detection dataset, the detection accuracy of naïve Bayesian classifier does not scale up as well as decision tree. It has been successfully tested in other problem domains that naïve Bayesian tree improves the classification rates in large dataset. In naïve Bayesian tree nodes contain and split as regular decision-trees, but the leaves contain naïve Bayesian classifiers. The experimental results on KDD99 benchmark network intrusion detection dataset demonstrate that this new approach scales up the detection rates for different attack types and reduces false positives in network intrusion detection.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1055785Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1894
 James P. Anderson, "Computer security threat monitoring and surveillance," Technical Report 98-17, James P. Anderson Co., Fort Washington, Pennsylvania, USA, April 1980.
 Dorothy E. Denning, "An intrusion detection model," IEEE Transaction on Software Engineering, SE-13(2), 1987, pp. 222-232.
 D. Y. Yeung, and Y. X. Ding, "Host-based intrusion detection using dynamic and static behavioral models," Pattern Recognition, 36, 2003, pp. 229-243.
 Lazarevic, A., Ertoz, L., Kumar, V., Ozgur,. A., Srivastava, and J., "A comparative study of anomaly detection schemes in network intrusion detection," In Proc. of the SIAM Conference on Data Mining, 2003.
 Barbara, Daniel, Couto, Julia, Jajodia, Sushil, Popyack, Leonard, Wu, and Ningning, "ADAM: Detecting intrusion by data mining," IEEE Workshop on Information Assurance and Security, West Point, New York, June 5-6, 2001.
 Lee W., Stolfo S., and Mok K., "Adaptive Intrusion Detection: A data mining approach," Artificial Intelligence Review, 14(6), December 2000, pp. 533-567.
 N.B. Amor, S. Benferhat, and Z. Elouedi, "Naïve Bayes vs. decision trees in intrusion detection systems," In Proc. of 2004 ACM Symposium on Applied Computing, 2004, pp. 420-424.
 Mukkamala S., Janoski G., and Sung A.H., "Intrusion detection using neural networks and support vector machines," In Proc. of the IEEE International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, 2002, pp.1702- 1707.
 J. Luo, and S.M. Bridges, "Mining fuzzy association rules and fuzzy frequency episodes for intrusion detection," International Journal of Intelligent Systems, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 15, no. 8, 2000, pp. 687- 703.
 YU Yan, and Huang Hao, "An ensemble approach to intrusion detection based on improved multi-objective genetic algorithm," Journal of Software, vol. 18, no. 6, June 2007, pp. 1369-1378.
 Shon T., Seo J., and Moon J., "SVM approach with a genetic algorithm for network intrusion detection," In Proc. of 20th International Symposium on Computer and Information Sciences (ISCIS 2005), Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2005, pp. 224-233.
 Dorothy E. Denning, and P.G. Neumann "Requirement and model for IDES- A real-time intrusion detection system," Computer Science Laboratory, SRI International, Menlo Park, CA 94025-3493, Technical Report # 83F83-01-00, 1985.
 D. Anderson, T. Frivold, A. Tamaru, and A. Valdes, "Next generation intrusion detection expert system (NIDES)," Software Users Manual, Beta-Update Release, Computer Science Laboratory, SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, USA, Technical Report SRI-CSL-95-0, May 1994.
 D. Anderson, T.F. Lunt, H. Javitz, A. Tamaru, and A. Valdes, "Detecting unusual program behavior using the statistical component of the next generation intrusion detection expert system (NIDES)," Computer Science Laboratory, SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, USA, Technical Report SRI-CSL-95-06, May 1995.
 S.E. Smaha, and Haystack, "An intrusion detection system," in Proc. of the IEEE Fourth Aerospace Computer Security Applications Conference, Orlando, FL, 1988, pp. 37-44.
 N. Ye, S.M. Emran, Q. Chen, and S. Vilbert, "Multivariate statistical analysis of audit trails for host-based intrusion detection," IEEE Transactions on Computers 51, 2002, pp. 810-820.
 Martin Roesch, "SNORT: The open source network intrusion system," Official web page of Snort at http://www.snort.org/
 L. C. Wuu, C. H. Hung, and S. F. Chen, "Building intrusion pattern miner for sonrt network intrusion detection system," Journal of Systems and Software, vol. 80, Issue 10, 2007, pp. 1699-1715.
 W. Lee, R.A. Nimbalkar, K.K. Yee, S.B. Patil, P.H. Desai, T.T. Tran, and S.J. Stolfo, "A data mining and CIDF based approach for detecting novel and distributed intrusions," In Proc. of the 3rd International Workshop on Recent Advances in Intrusion Detection (RAID 2000), Toulouse , France, 2000, pp. 49-65.
 W. Lee, and S.J. Stolfo, "Data mining approach for intrusions detection," In Proc. of the 7th USENIX Security Symposium (SECURITY-98), Berkeley, CA, USA, 1998, pp. 79-94.
 C. Kruegel, D. Mutz, W. Robertson, and F. Valeur, "Bayesian event classification for intrusion detection," In Proc. of the 19th Annual Computer Security Applications Conference, Las Veges, NV, 2003.
 N. Ye, M. Xu, and S.M. Emran, "Probabilistic networks with undirected links for anomaly detection," In Proc. of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Information Assurance and Security Workshop, West Point, NY, 2000.
 A. Valdes, and K. Skinner, "Adaptive model-based monitoring for cyber attack detection," In Recent Advances in Intrusion Detection Toulouse, France, 2000, pp. 80-92.
 A.K. Ghosh, and A. Schwartzbart, "A study in using neural networks for anomaly and misuse detection," In Proc. of the Eighth USENIX Security Symposium, Washington, DC, 1999, pp. 141-151.
 M. Ramadas, and S.O.B. Tjaden, "Detecting anomalous network traffic with self-organizing maps," In Proc. of the 6th International Symposium on Recent Advances in Intrusion Detection, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, 2003, pp. 36-54.
 R. Kohavi, "Scaling up the accuracy of naïve Bayes classifiers: A Decision Tree Hybrid," In Proc. of the 2nd International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, Menlo Park, CA:AAAI Press/MIT Press, 1996, pp. 147-149.
 The KDD Archive. KDD99 cup dataset, 1999. http://kdd.ics.uci.edu/databases/kddcup99/kddcup99.html