Effect of Open Burning on Soil Carbon Stock in Sugarcane Plantation in Thailand
Open burning of sugarcane fields is recognized to have a negative impact on soil by degrading its properties, especially soil organic carbon (SOC) content. Better understating the effect of open burning on soil carbon dynamics is crucial for documenting the carbon sequestration capacity of agricultural soils. In this study, experiments to investigate soil carbon stocks under burned and unburned sugarcane plantation systems in Thailand were conducted. The results showed that cultivation fields without open burning during 5 consecutive years enabled to increase the SOC content at a rate of 1.37 Mg ha-1y-1. Also it was found that sugarcane fields burning led to about 15% reduction of the total carbon stock in the 0-30 cm soil layer. The overall increase in SOC under unburned practice is mainly due to the large input of organic material through the use of sugarcane residues.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1089004Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF
 R. J. Raison, "Modification of the soil environment by vegetation fires with particular reference to nitrogen transformation: a review,” Plant Soil, Vol. 51, pp. 73-108.
 B. Ball-Coelho, H. Tiessen, J. W. B. Stewart, I. H. Salcedo, and E. V. S. B. Sampaio, "Residue management effects on sugarcane yield and soil properties in Northeastern Brazil,” Agronomy Journal, Vol. 85, pp. 1004-1008, 1993
 M. H. Graham, R. J. Haynes, and J.H. Meyer, "Soil organic matter content and quality: effects of fertilizer applications, burning and trash retention on a long-term sugarcane experiment in South Africa,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Vol. 34, pp. 93-102, 2002.
 K. R. Hubbert, H. K. Preisler, P. M. Wohlgemuth, R. G. Graham, M.G. Narog, "Prescribed burning effects on soil physical properties and water repellency in a steep chaparral watershed, Southern California, USA,” Geoderma, Vol. 130, pp. 284-298, 2006
 S. A. Kayode, A. O. Gabriel, D. A. Olateju, and O. O. Adeyolanu, "Slash and burn effect on soil quality of an Alfisol: soil physical properties,” Soil and Tillage Research, Vol. 103, pp. 4-10, 2009.
 IPCC- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, "2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Green House Gas Inventories,” Prepared by the National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Program. Edited by: Eggleston HS, Buendia L, Miwa K, Ngara T, Tanabe K. Japan: IGES, ch 2.
 M. V., Galdos, C. C., Cerri, C. E. P,, Cerri, "Soil Carbon Stocks under Burned and Unburned Sugarcane in Brazil, Geoderma,” Vol. 153, pp. 347-352, 2009.
 C. C., Cerri, M. V., Galdos, S. M. F., Maia, M., Bernoux, B. J., Feigl., D., Powlson, C.E.F., Cerri, "Effect of sugarcane harvesting systems on soil carbon stocks in Brazil: an examination of existing data,” European Journal of Soil Science, Vol. 62, pp. 23-28, 2011.
 F., Roberson, "Sugarcane trash management: consequences for soil carbon and nitrogen-Final report to the CRC for sustainable sugar production of the project nutrient cycling in relation to trash management,” CRC for sustainable sugar production, Townville, 2003.
 J. Leifeld, S. Bassin, and J. Fuhrer, "Carbon stocks in Swiss agricultural soils predicted by land-use, soil characteristics, and altitude,” Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 105, pp. 255-266, 2005.
 TMD-Thai Meteorological Department, "Monthly observation report,” available on website: http://www.met-sawan.tmd.go.th/data/data.htm
[Accessed March 2013].
 B. H. Ellert, J. R. Bettany, "Calculation of Organic Matter and Nutrients Stored in Soils under Contrasting Management Regimes,” Canadian Journal of Soil Science, Vol. 75, pp. 529-538, 1995.
 J., Lee, J. W., Hopmans, D. E., Rolston, S. G., Baer, J., Six, "Determining Soil Carbon Stock Changes: Simple Bulk Density Corrections fail,” Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 134, pp. 251-256, 2009.
 J., Toriyama, T., Kato, C.A., Siregar, H.H., Siringoringo, S., Ohta, Y., Kiyono, "Comparison of Depth- and Mass-Base Approaches for Estimating Changes in Forest soil Carbon Stocks: A case study in young plantations and secondary forests in West Java, Indonesia,” Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 262, pp. 1659-1667, 2011.
 A. W., Wood, "Management of crop residues following green harvesting of sugarcane in north Queenland,” Soil and Tillage Research, Vo. 20, pp. 69-85, 1991.
 T. Razafimbelo, B. Barthes, M. C. Larre-Larrouy, E. F. D. Luca, J. Y. Laurent, C.C. Cerri, C. Feller, "Effect of Sugarcane Residue Management (Mulching versus Burning) on Organic Matter in a Clayey Oxisol from Southern Brazil,” Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 115, pp. 285–289, 2006.
 A. R., Panosso, J., Marques Jr., D. M .B. P., Milori, A.S., Ferraudo, D.M. Barbieri, G.T., Pereira, N. La. Scala Jr., "Soil CO2 Emission and its Relation to Soil Properties in Sugarcane Areas under Slash-and-burn and Green harvest,” Soil Tillage Research, Vol. 111, pp. 190-196, 2011.