Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31198
Preliminary Development of a Hydrogen Peroxide Thruster

Authors: Y. A. Chan, H. J. Liu, K. C. Tseng, T. C. Kuo


Green propellants used for satellite-level propulsion system become attractive in recent years because the non-toxicity and lower requirements of safety protection. One of the green propellants, high-concentration hydrogen peroxide H2O2 solution (≥70% w/w, weight concentration percentage), often known as high-test peroxide (HTP), is considered because it is ITAR-free, easy to manufacture and the operating temperature is lower than traditional monopropellant propulsion. To establish satellite propulsion technology, the National Space Organization (NSPO) in Taiwan has initialized a long-term cooperation project with the National Cheng Kung University to develop compatible tank and thruster. An experimental propulsion payload has been allocated for the future self-reliant satellite to perform orbit transfer and maintenance operations. In the present research, an 1-Newton thruster prototype is designed and the thrusting force is measured by a pendulum-type platform. The preliminary hot-firing test at ambient environment showed the generated thrust and the specific impulse are about 0.7 Newton and 102 seconds, respectively.

Keywords: Satellite, Propulsion, Hydrogen Peroxide, RCS

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 4344


[1] W. J. Larson and J. R. Wertz, Space Mission Analysis and Design, Second Edition, Microcosm, Inc., 1992.
[2] G. P. Sutton, Rocket Propulsion Elements, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1992.
[3] R. W. Humble, G. N. Henry, and W. J. Larson, Space Propulsion Analysis and Design, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., Primis Custom Publishing, 1995.
[4] M. Tajmar, Advanced Space Propulsion Systems, Springer, 2003.
[5] W. C. Schumb, C. N. Satterfield, and R. L. Wentworth, Hydrogen Peroxide, Reinhold Publishing Company, New York, 1955.
[6] D. Andrews, “The Industrial History of the Ansty Rocket Department, 1946 to 1971,” July 26, 1998
[7] L. E. James and W. H. Stillwell, “The Hydrogen-Peroxide Rocket Reaction-Control System for the X-1B Research Airplane,” NASA Technical Note TN D-158, Flight Research Center, Edwards, CA, Dec. 1959.
[8] J. F. Runckel, C. M. Willis, L. B. Salters Jr., “Investigation of Catalyst Beds for 98-Percent-Concentration Hydrogen Peroxide,” NASA TN D-1808, Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia, 1963.
[9] W. E. Armstrong, C. Z. Morgan, L. B. Ryland, and H. H. Voge, "Development of Catalysts for Monopropellant Hydrazine Decomposition,'' Shell Development Company Report No. S-13947, Contract NAS 7-97, 1964.
[10] J. Clark, Ignition - An Informal History of Liquid Rocket Propellants, Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, 1972.
[11] E. Wernimont and P. Mullens, “Recent Developments in Hydrogen Peroxide Monopropellant Devices,” AIAA-99-2741, General Kinetics, LLC, Aliso Viejo, CA
[12] D. L. Hitt, C. M. Zakrzwski, and M. A. Thomas, "MEMS-based satellite micropropulsion via catalyzed hydrogen peroxide decomposition, Smart Mater. Struct., vol. 10, pp. 1163–1175, 2001.
[13] J. Ponzo, “Small Envelope, High Flux 90% Hydrogen Peroxide Catalyst Bed,” 39th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, Huntsville, Alabama, 20-23 July 2003,
[14] C. Scharlemann, M. Schiebl, R. Amsüss, and M. Tajmar, “Development of Miniaturized Green Propellant Based Mono- and Bipropellant Thrusters,” 43rd AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit, AIAA 2007-5580, Cincinnati, OH, 8 - 11 July 2007.
[15] A. Pasini, L. Torre, L. Romeo, A. Cervone, L. d’Agostino, A. J. Musker, and G. Saccoccia, “Experimental Characterization of a 5 N Hydrogen Peroxide Monopropellant Thruster Prototype,” 43rd AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit, AIAA-2007-5465, Cincinnati, OH, 8 - 11 July 2007
[16] S. L. Lee and C. W. Lee, “Performance characteristics of silver catalyst bed for hydrogen peroxide,” Aerospace Science and Technology, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 12–17, 2009.
[17] L. Pirault-Roy, C. Kappenstein, M. Guèrin, R. Eloirdi, and N. Pillet, “Hydrogen Peroxide Decomposition on Various Supported Catalysts Effect of Stabilizers,” Journal of Propulsion and Power, vol. 18, no. 6, 2002, pp. 1235–1241.
[18] Y. A. Chan, H. W. Hsu, and Y. C. Chao, “Development of a HTP Mono-propellant Thruster by Using Composite Silver Catalyst,” 44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, San Deigo, CA, 31 July - 3 August, 2011.